Sub­sis­tence Min­i­mum and Con­sumer Bas­ket

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN -

In the Leg­isla­tive Cham­ber of the Oliy Ma­jlis, law­mak­ers at­tended a round­table dis­cus­sion on the topic “En­act­ing the con­cepts of sub­sis­tence min­i­mum and con­sumer bas­ket in the leg­is­la­tion to iden­tify the in­comes nec­es­sary for de­cent liv­ing con­di­tions of the pop­u­la­tion, and the cre­ation of mech­a­nisms for their prac­ti­cal pro­vi­sion”. The event was or­ga­nized at the ini­tia­tive of the par­lia­men­tary group of the Peo­ple’s Demo­cratic Party of Uzbek­istan.

In his Ad­dress to the Oliy Ma­jlis, Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev placed spe­cial em­pha­sis on the need to con­sol­i­date the con­cepts of sub­sis­tence min­i­mum and con­sumer bas­ket in the leg­is­la­tion, as well as to cre­ate mech­a­nisms for their prac­ti­cal pro­vi­sion. To this end, the main purpose sought from the round­table was to shape work­ing groups to study sound and up-to-date mech­a­nisms for setting min­i­mum con­sumer spend­ing stan­dards and an­a­lyze for­eign ex­pe­ri­ence in this di­rec­tion.

The leg­is­la­tors noted that Uzbek­istan wields im­mense op­por­tu­ni­ties in terms of im­prov­ing the well-be­ing of the pop­u­la­tion and, to ef­fec­tively use them, it is nec­es­sary to thor­oughly study is­sues re­lated to rais­ing the stan­dard of liv­ing of the pop­u­la­tion, both from a the­o­ret­i­cal and prac­ti­cal points of view, and to de­velop sci­en­tif­i­cally sound pro­pos­als. Thus, in or­der to boost the wel­fare of the peo­ple, to pre­vent poverty, and ad­dress is­sues re­lated to rais­ing in­comes, it is nec­es­sary to pay spe­cial at­ten­tion to their pro­vi­sion with a sub­sis­tence min­i­mum based on the con­sumer bud­get.

In­di­ca­tors of the sub­sis­tence min­i­mum are used by the state for con­duct­ing so­cial pol­icy. In par­tic­u­lar, to as­sess the stan­dard of liv­ing of the pop­u­la­tion, the num­ber of peo­ple with in­comes be­low the sub­sis­tence level, equal and high in­comes is de­ter­mined, which serves as the ba­sis for pro­vid­ing tar­geted so­cial as­sis­tance to the poor in the pop­u­la­tion. In ad­di­tion, such in­di­ca­tors are used to jus­tify the min­i­mum wage and pen­sion pay­ments. In ac­cor­dance with this, it is im­por­tant to in­tro­duce a sys­tem of reg­u­larly rais­ing the min­i­mum so­cial stan­dards of the pop­u­la­tion, iden­ti­fy­ing a min­i­mum sub­sis­tence level.

Spe­cial­ists stressed that in the con­sumer bas­ket an im­por­tant place is given to the food com­po­nent. When form­ing the min­i­mum con­sumer bas­ket for the able-bod­ied pop­u­la­tion, the set of prod­ucts is de­ter­mined with the cal­cu­la­tion for a work­ing man in the amount of kilo­calo­ries in pro­teins and car­bo­hy­drates per day. At the same time, the con­sumer func­tion is or­gan­i­cally con­nected with in­come. With the in­crease in in­come, con­sump­tion vol­umes also in­crease.

When deter­min­ing the con­sumer bas­ket for the con­stituent en­ti­ties of the re­pub­lic, it is im­por­tant to take into ac­count the nat­u­ral cli­matic con­di­tions, na­tional tra­di­tions and lo­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics of the main so­cio-de­mo­graphic groups in the con­sump­tion of non-food goods and ser­vices. Con­crete pro­pos­als were made to de­velop a stan­dard list of min­i­mum types of food prod­ucts, non-food prod­ucts and ser­vices needed in our coun­try to pre­serve peo­ple's health and en­sure their liveli­hoods.

Dur­ing the round­table dis­cus­sion, a work­ing group was formed com­pris­ing peo­ple’s rep­re­sen­ta­tives and spe­cial­ists from min­istries and other gov­ern­ment agen­cies. The task is set for im­prov­ing the draft law “On State Min­i­mum So­cial Stan­dards” de­vel­oped in co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the Peo­ple’s Demo­cratic Party of Uzbek­istan and the Min­istry of Em­ploy­ment and La­bor Re­la­tions, through in-depth study of pro­pos­als and rec­om­men­da­tions made at the meet­ing, anal­y­sis of best for­eign prac­tice.

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