Pros and Cons of In­dus­try 4.0

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - WORLD -

The ba­sic mean­ing of the fourth in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion, bet­ter known as In­dus­try 4.0, is that Kaza­khstan is mov­ing from phys­i­cal man­u­fac­tur­ing mod­els to cy­ber-phys­i­cal pro­duc­tion.

What op­por­tu­ni­ties can the fourth in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion pro­vide? Am­bas­sador Ex­tra­or­di­nary and Plenipo­ten­tiary of Kaza­khstan to Uzbek­istan, Yerik Utem­bayev, has vol­un­teered to ad­dress this ques­tion.

The first event for jour­nal­ists in the em­bassy’s new build­ing was de­voted to the Ad­dress of Pres­i­dent Nur­sul­tan Nazarbayev to the peo­ple of Kaza­khstan. As the head of the diplo­matic mis­sion stressed, the doc­u­ment out­lined ways of fur­ther pro­mo­tion to the list of the 30 most com­pet­i­tive coun­tries in the world. One of them is Ger­many, which by 2030 plans to com­pletely switch over to the sys­tem of in­ter­net-based in­dus­try. In this area, the gov­ern­ment of the coun­try in­vests about 200 mil­lion euros. Sim­i­lar project pro­grams are also launched in the Nether­lands, France, Bri­tain, Italy, Bel­gium and other na­tions. In Rus­sia, too, the ‘fourth rev­o­lu­tion’ has al­ready be­gun.

Kaza­khstani ex­perts be­lieve that in­for­ma­tion sys­tems are trans­formed from sup­port­ers into an in­te­gral part of the pro­duc­tion process. Dig­i­tal data be­come the same re­source as raw ma­te­ri­als, semi-fin­ished prod­ucts, ma­te­ri­als and la­bor. This al­lows for a dra­matic in­crease in pro­duc­tion ef­fi­ciency. How­ever, like any other process, this one also has its pros and cons.

Ex­perts at­tribute the use of new tech­nolo­gies and busi­ness mod­els to pluses, es­pe­cially in the ba­sic sec­tors. That will pro­vide an op­por­tu­nity to in­crease the phys­i­cal vol­ume of ex­ports and to com­pen­sate for losses from lower prices. In gen­eral, the use of break­through tech­nolo­gies would pro­vide an op­por­tu­nity for the emer­gence of new in­dus­tries.

To mi­nuses, fore­cast­ers at­tribute the fact that un­der the in­flu­ence of new tech­nolo­gies peo­ple will lose their jobs. From this point of view, the pro­vi­sion of em­ploy­ment will mainly be in small busi­ness. In this re­gard, in their view, im­prov­ing the busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment, re­duc­ing trans­ac­tion costs through dereg­u­la­tion and lib­er­al­iza­tion of the econ­omy, im­prov­ing the qual­ity of public ser­vices for busi­ness is the ba­sis for long-term sta­bil­ity and sus­tain­abil­ity of the econ­omy and the well-be­ing of so­ci­ety.

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