Pro­tect­ing En­trepreneurs’ Rights

Lyamiya Khu­do­yarova, con­sul­tant of the Of­fice of the Com­mis­sioner un­der the Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan for the pro­tec­tion of rights and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests of busi­ness en­ti­ties.

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - FRONT PAGE -

Busi­ness in a mar­ket econ­omy acts as the main sec­tor that de­ter­mines the pace of eco­nomic growth. All de­vel­oped coun­tries ac­tively sup­port this sec­tor, since the eco­nomic sta­bil­ity of the coun­try and the bulk of the pop­u­la­tion’s em­ploy­ment de­pend on it.

In Uzbek­istan, small busi­nesses and pri­vate en­trepreneurs play a sig­nif­i­cant role in cre­at­ing new jobs and sta­ble sources of in­come for the pop­u­la­tion.

At the ini­tia­tive of the Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan, this year was de­clared the Year of Sup­port for Ac­tive En­ter­prise, In­no­va­tive Ideas and Tech­nolo­gies, and the cor­re­spond­ing State Pro­gram was ap­proved.

In ac­cor­dance with it, the head of state an­nounced a mora­to­rium on in­spec­tions of fi­nan­cial and eco­nomic ac­tiv­i­ties of busi­ness en­ti­ties for a period of two years. This pref­er­ence will cre­ate con­di­tions for busi­ness­men to ef­fec­tively im­ple­ment their en­tre­pre­neur­ial ac­tiv­i­ties and in­crease their growth rates.

It should be noted that the ac­tiv­i­ties im­ple­mented in ac­cor­dance with the Strat­egy for Ac­tions in the Year of Di­a­logue with the Peo­ple and of Hu­man In­ter­ests were suc­cess­fully im­ple­mented. In par­tic­u­lar, in 2017 Uzbek­istan com­pletely switched to free cur­rency con­ver­sion, elim­i­nated bar­ri­ers to its pur­chase, abol­ished the ob­so­lete or­der for com­pul­sory sale of foreign ex­change earn­ings from ex­ports of goods and ser­vices, and also guar­an­teed in­vest­ment and repa­tri­a­tion of prof­its.

Im­port cus­toms pay­ments have been re­duced, and for some prod­ucts they have been com­pletely abol­ished, work on re­duc­ing the tax bur­den for busi­ness is con­stantly be­ing carried out. In ac­cor­dance with the leg­isla­tive acts, the prin­ci­ple of pri­or­ity of the rights of en­trepreneurs in all spheres of re­la­tions with gov­ern­ment au­thor­i­ties has been cre­ated, the li­a­bil­ity of of­fi­cials for vi­o­la­tions com­mit­ted by them with re­spect to busi­ness en­ti­ties and pri­vate prop­erty has been sig­nif­i­cantly in­creased.

Along with this, new mea­sures aimed at lib­er­al­iz­ing the re­spon­si­bil­ity of busi­ness rep­re­sen­ta­tives have been es­tab­lished. The pro­ce­dure was in­tro­duced, such as the re­lease of busi­ness en­ti­ties and their em­ploy­ees from all types of li­a­bil­ity if they com­mit­ted of­fenses for the first time in the con­duct of fi­nan­cial and eco­nomic ac­tiv­i­ties and vol­un­tar­ily elim­i­nated the vi­o­la­tions and com­pen­sated for the ma­te­rial dam­age. In ad­di­tion, a ban on the ap­pli­ca­tion of crim­i­nal pun­ish­ment in the form of de­pri­va­tion of the right to en­gage in busi­ness ac­tiv­i­ties is es­tab­lished.

These mea­sures give an op­por­tu­nity to ci­ti­zens who have com­mit­ted of­fenses for the first time and have cleared their fault, to con­tinue their en­tre­pre­neur­ial ac­tiv­ity with­out neg­a­tive con­se­quences, which also stim­u­lates their busi­ness ac­tiv­ity.

To im­prove the fa­vor­able in­vest­ment en­vi­ron­ment, four­teen free eco­nomic zones have been cre­ated, where in­vestors are granted broad ben­e­fits.

As a re­sult of these and other mea­sures, more than 150,000 busi­ness en­ti­ties were cre­ated in Uzbek­istan alone in 2017, of which over 200 are en­ter­prises with foreign in­vest­ments.

Thanks to the mea­sures taken, Uzbek­istan in the World Bank’s Do­ing Busi­ness 2018 rank­ing has climbed 13 po­si­tions over the past year alone and en­tered the top ten world lead­ers to im­prove the busi­ness cli­mate.

The Con­cept of Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­form in the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan has been adopted, where fur­ther re­duc­tion of ad­min­is­tra­tive in­flu­ence on the econ­omy branches and ex­pan­sion of mar­ket man­age­ment mech­a­nisms are clearly reg­u­lated.

It is im­por­tant to note that, along with the mea­sures taken to im­prove the busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment, pro­tect­ing the rights and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests of busi­ness­men is also a pri­or­ity.

To cre­ate new ef­fec­tive mech­a­nisms in this sphere, the in­sti­tu­tion of the Com­mis­sioner for the Pro­tec­tion of Rights and Le­git­i­mate In­ter­ests of En­trepreneurs was es­tab­lished for the first time in the coun­try. That is, we have moved to a qual­i­ta­tively new level of pub­lic pol­icy in this area.

The Com­mis­sioner for the Pro­tec­tion of the Rights of En­trepreneurs ex­er­cises his pow­ers

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