Protecting Entrepreneurs’ Rights
Lyamiya Khudoyarova, consultant of the Office of the Commissioner under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the protection of rights and legitimate interests of business entities.
Business in a market economy acts as the main sector that determines the pace of economic growth. All developed countries actively support this sector, since the economic stability of the country and the bulk of the population’s employment depend on it.
In Uzbekistan, small businesses and private entrepreneurs play a significant role in creating new jobs and stable sources of income for the population.
At the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan, this year was declared the Year of Support for Active Enterprise, Innovative Ideas and Technologies, and the corresponding State Program was approved.
In accordance with it, the head of state announced a moratorium on inspections of financial and economic activities of business entities for a period of two years. This preference will create conditions for businessmen to effectively implement their entrepreneurial activities and increase their growth rates.
It should be noted that the activities implemented in accordance with the Strategy for Actions in the Year of Dialogue with the People and of Human Interests were successfully implemented. In particular, in 2017 Uzbekistan completely switched to free currency conversion, eliminated barriers to its purchase, abolished the obsolete order for compulsory sale of foreign exchange earnings from exports of goods and services, and also guaranteed investment and repatriation of profits.
Import customs payments have been reduced, and for some products they have been completely abolished, work on reducing the tax burden for business is constantly being carried out. In accordance with the legislative acts, the principle of priority of the rights of entrepreneurs in all spheres of relations with government authorities has been created, the liability of officials for violations committed by them with respect to business entities and private property has been significantly increased.
Along with this, new measures aimed at liberalizing the responsibility of business representatives have been established. The procedure was introduced, such as the release of business entities and their employees from all types of liability if they committed offenses for the first time in the conduct of financial and economic activities and voluntarily eliminated the violations and compensated for the material damage. In addition, a ban on the application of criminal punishment in the form of deprivation of the right to engage in business activities is established.
These measures give an opportunity to citizens who have committed offenses for the first time and have cleared their fault, to continue their entrepreneurial activity without negative consequences, which also stimulates their business activity.
To improve the favorable investment environment, fourteen free economic zones have been created, where investors are granted broad benefits.
As a result of these and other measures, more than 150,000 business entities were created in Uzbekistan alone in 2017, of which over 200 are enterprises with foreign investments.
Thanks to the measures taken, Uzbekistan in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2018 ranking has climbed 13 positions over the past year alone and entered the top ten world leaders to improve the business climate.
The Concept of Administrative Reform in the Republic of Uzbekistan has been adopted, where further reduction of administrative influence on the economy branches and expansion of market management mechanisms are clearly regulated.
It is important to note that, along with the measures taken to improve the business environment, protecting the rights and legitimate interests of businessmen is also a priority.
To create new effective mechanisms in this sphere, the institution of the Commissioner for the Protection of Rights and Legitimate Interests of Entrepreneurs was established for the first time in the country. That is, we have moved to a qualitatively new level of public policy in this area.
The Commissioner for the Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs exercises his powers