Technological Approach to Aquaculture
In the Bukhara region, 240 fish farms and other entities are engaged in fish farming, at whose disposal artificial reservoirs with an area of 1.6 thousand hectares. One of the leading places among them is the Bukhoro Balik Sanoat limited liability company.
The enterprise was created through equity participation and a loan from the regional branch of Ipoteka Bank, as well as from the initiators of the project in the amount of 7 billion soums. Its specialists have organized an artificial pond with an area of 70 hectares, next to it a production complex has been built, equipped with modern technological equipment. Here is an intensive garden in an area of 5 hectares. All the processes associated with growing fish are a single technological chain.
“Breeding plays an important role in fish farming,” says Davron Niyozov, scientific consultant at the Bukhoro Balik Sanoat. “This issue is of special importance to us. 60 million fry are grown in the incubation shop. The slightest inattention can lead to their death. Therefore, under strict supervision, care work is taken to maintain a constant room temperature.”
After the incubation shop, the young are raised in small pools in a closed building until the weight of the fry reaches 1.5-2 grams, then in four open pools of 1 hectare they pass ‘summer fattening’. When their weight reaches 35-50 grams, they are placed in a special pool for the winter. In spring they are released into large water, and in autumn the fish is ready for harvesting.
A notable feature of the complex is the presence in it of a closed system of water circulation. The company also operates workshops for cleaning, short-term frost and long-term refrigeration storage of fish. The store holds 200 tons of products. Smoked fish is also established here. As a result, the products are delivered to the market in frozen and ready-made form.
Naturally, the productivity of fish grown in an artificial pond depends largely on the feed. The plant has a production capacity of more than 2 thousand tons of feed per year. Here it consists of corn, protein, various vitamins and supplements. In addition, waste from fish cleaning is recycled, from which a secondary food is obtained.
“Spring is an important season for fishermen,” says Kayum Salomov, head of the Bukhoro Balik Sanoat LLC. “In small pools, we will start growing white fern, silver carp, African catfish. According to the plan, in the autumn we will catch about 300 tons of fish. Next year, this figure will be even higher. In early February, I visited the city of Hanoi at the invitation of guests from Vietnam who visited Bukhara last autumn. Agreements on establishing partnerships have been reached. In the future, we plan to create a joint venture.”
In total, fish farming is established in 8 natural lakes and one reservoir with a total area of 56 thousand hectares. This year it is planned to get 8.6 thousand tons of products, which is twice as much as last year. An important factor in achieving this goal is the support for fish farms by the state.