Toward a Cleaner and Safer City
All major cities of Uzbekistan are to be transferred to separate collection of waste by late 2019.
In Uzbekistan, a detailed roadmap has been worked out on the transition to separate collection of garbage. The document proposes to introduce the scheme in the cities of the country by the end of 2019. It is interesting that now all waste will be divided into two types - organic, as well as secondary material resources (plastic, paper, metal and glass). Accordingly, garbage bags will be of two types: black for organic waste, blue for recyclables.
In addition, a new order of garbage disposal will emerge. In the multi-residential housing sector, organic waste is planned to be taken out once a day, secondary materials once a week.
In the individual sector, a ‘signalcall’ collection system will be used. For organic garbage the truck will come twice a week, for a secondary one - once. To attract the attention of the population, it will give a special sound signal.
Separate collection will be actively used also in public places. For example, popular holiday destinations will be equipped with special containers for people, and entrepreneurs who intend to collect and process waste will be provided with a number of benefits and preferences.
In the second stage, until 2021, a separate collection will be introduced in rural areas throughout the country.
Worth reminding that the system of separate collection of garbage in the pilot mode has been introduced in Tashkent since 2012, but so far it has not been officially launched. Last November, representatives of the State Committee for Ecology stated that the issue of introducing a separate collection could be completely revised, since many advanced nations revoked it in favor of sorting waste directly at waste processing plants.
Nevertheless, the infrastructure for the introduction of separate collection in the country is gradually being created. In nine cities of Uzbekistan over the past year and a half, clusters for the collection, removal, transportation, sorting, recycling, processing and disposal of domestic wastes with a total processing capacity of 1.2 million tons per year have been established. More than 322 new types of garbage collection points were built in the settlements, equipped with 2,652 modern containers, and 97 landfills of solid domestic wastes were constructed.