What In­no­va­tions Sur­round Us?

The in­tro­duc­tion of in­no­va­tions in Uzbek­istan is pos­si­ble cur­rently mainly thanks to ma­chin­ery and equip­ment from abroad. How­ever, within a short psna of time the sit­u­a­tion can rad­i­cally change.

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - BUSINESS AND INNOVATION -

Khabibulla Murod­khu­jaev, head of the depart­ment for sta­tis­tics of so­cial sphere and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment at the State Sta­tis­tics Com­mit­tee, has agreed to tell us more about the de­vel­op­ment of in­no­va­tion-re­lated ac­tiv­i­ties in the coun­try.

- About 2,000 in­no­va­tions by more than 900 or­ga­ni­za­tions and en­ter­prises of our coun­try were in­tro­duced dur­ing 2016. At the same time, most in­no­va­tions im­ple­mented, that is, 1,816 of them, were aimed at mod­ern­iz­ing en­ter­prises us­ing new ef­fi­cient tech­nolo­gies. This means that the in­tro­duc­tion of in­no­va­tions in our coun­try is mainly due to the im­port of ma­chin­ery and equip­ment from abroad.

In ad­di­tion, the num­ber of em­ploy­ees en­gaged in sci­en­tific re­search and ex­per­i­men­tal de­vel­op­ment in the coun­try has not changed sig­nif­i­cantly over the past 16 years.

To date, in Uzbek­istan, the as­sign­ments for re­search and de­vel­op­ment, which is one of the most im­por­tant in­di­ca­tors that as­sess the coun­try’s in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­ity, is 0.2% of GDP.

Ac­cord­ing to the UNESCO In­sti­tute for Sta­tis­tics, in 2013 the al­lo­ca­tions for re­search and de­vel­op­ment in the Repub­lic of Korea was 4.2% of GDP, in Ja­pan this fig­ure was 3.5%, in Ger­many 2.9%, in the United States - 2,8%, in France - 2,2%, in China - 2,1%, in Great Bri­tain and Canada - 1,6%, in the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion - 1,1%. In de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, this trend is rel­a­tively small.

The num­ber of re­searchers, per mil­lion peo­ple, also shows that de­vel­oped coun­tries are much ahead of de­vel­op­ing ones. In par­tic­u­lar, in the Repub­lic of Korea there are 6,533 re­searchers per mil­lion peo­ple, in Ja­pan it is 5,195, while 4,494 in Canada, 4,355 in Ger­many, 4,125 in France, 4,108 in the UK, 3,984 in the United States of Amer­ica, 3,085 in Rus­sia, 1,071 in China, 581 in Egypt and 495 in Uzbek­istan.

In par­tic­u­lar, in the Strat­egy of Ac­tions along Five Pri­or­ity Ar­eas for the De­vel­op­ment of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan in 2017-2021, spe­cial at­ten­tion is paid to stim­u­lat­ing re­search and in­no­va­tion ac­tiv­i­ties, cre­at­ing ef­fec­tive mech­a­nisms for in­tro­duc­ing sci­en­tific and in­no­va­tive achieve­ments into prac­tice, ed­u­ca­tion at higher ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions and re­search cen­ters of sci­en­tific and ex­per­i­men­tal spe­cial­ized lab­o­ra­to­ries, cen­ters of high tech­nol­ogy and tech­nol­ogy parks.

Along with this, in the course of a direct di­a­logue with the peo­ple in the re­gions of the repub­lic, the Pres­i­dent of our coun­try sets spe­cific tasks for the re­vival of sci­en­tific po­ten­tial in all re­gions and the ef­fec­tive use of in­tel­lec­tual po­ten­tial in the in­te­grated de­vel­op­ment of ter­ri­to­ries, the ac­tive in­volve­ment of young peo­ple in re­search ac­tiv­i­ties. In the so­lu­tion of these prob­lems, it is very im­por­tant to mo­bi­lize sci­en­tific re­search to solve real prob­lems in the so­cial and eco­nomic sphere, to en­sure close in­te­gra­tion of sci­ence and pro­duc­tion, and, in turn, to cre­ate mech­a­nisms for in­creas­ing the ef­fi­ciency of the use of sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal de­vel­op­ments by sci­en­tists.

In or­der to fur­ther strengthen the role of aca­demic sci­ence in the in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment of the econ­omy, the Pres­i­dent of the coun­try signed 17 Fe­bru­ary 2017 a res­o­lu­tion on mea­sures to fur­ther im­prove the ac­tiv­i­ties of the Acad­emy of Sciences, or­ga­ni­za­tion, man­age­ment and fi­nanc­ing of re­search ac­tiv­i­ties. The document pro­vides for a wide range of con­crete mea­sures.

Also, in ac­cor­dance with the De­cree of the Pres­i­dent, signed 30 June 2017, on mea­sures to rad­i­cally im­prove the con­di­tions for the de­vel­op­ment of the in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy in­dus­try in the coun­try, in or­der to cre­ate fa­vor­able con­di­tions for the for­ma­tion and ac­tive de­vel­op­ment of high-tech in­dus­tries based on the use of ICT, fur­ther deepen the in­te­gra­tion of sci­ence, ed­u­ca­tion and pro­duc­tion in the in­dus­try through the pro­vi­sion of ad­di­tional ben­e­fits and pref­er­ences for de­vel­op­ers and cus­tomers of in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy prod­ucts, in­creas­ing ex­ports that of ICT prod­ucts, as well as stim­u­lat­ing the at­trac­tion of do­mes­tic and for­eign in­vest­ments, the In­no­va­tion Cen­ter for the Sup­port of De­vel­op­ment and Im­ple­men­ta­tion of In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies, Mirzo Ulug­bek In­no­va­tion Cen­ter, was es­tab­lished.

At the same time, in or­der to en­sure the ac­cel­er­ated in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment of all sec­tors of the econ­omy and so­cial sphere on the ba­sis of ad­vanced for­eign ex­pe­ri­ence, mod­ern achieve­ments of world sci­ence, in­no­va­tive ideas, de­vel­op­ments and tech­nolo­gies, the Min­istry of In­no­va­tion De­vel­op­ment was es­tab­lished by the Pres­i­den­tial De­cree of Novem­ber 29, 2017. Three ma­jor new tasks are set for the new depart­ment:

- cre­ation of a strate­gic plan­ning sys­tem that al­lows to form fu­ture mod­els of in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment of pri­or­ity spheres and in­dus­tries on the ba­sis of long-term sce­nar­ios of in­creas­ing the coun­try’s in­tel­lec­tual and tech­no­log­i­cal po­ten­tial;

- in­tro­duc­tion of in­no­va­tive forms of pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion that en­sure the op­ti­miza­tion and simplification of pro­ce­dures for the pro­vi­sion of pub­lic ser­vices, in­creas­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion; com­pre­hen­sive sup­port and stim­u­la­tion of re­search and in­no­va­tion ac­tiv­i­ties, es­pe­cially cre­ative ideas and de­vel­op­ments of the younger gen­er­a­tion, as well as the cre­ation of fa­vor­able con­di­tions for the ac­tive par­tic­i­pa­tion of tal­ented youth in this ac­tiv­ity;

- ex­pan­sion of co­op­er­a­tion with lead­ing for­eign (in­ter­na­tional) or­ga­ni­za­tions in the field of in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­ity, in­clud­ing through their in­volve­ment in the do­mes­tic mar­ket of know-how, nan­otech­nol­ogy and high-tech prod­ucts (works, ser­vices) and a num­ber of other sim­i­lar tasks.

In turn, it will not be an ex­ag­ger­a­tion to say that the an­nounce­ment by the Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan in 2018 as the Year of Sup­port for Ac­tive En­trepreneur­ship, In­no­va­tive Ideas and Tech­nolo­gies has be­come an im­por­tant step on the path of in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment of our coun­try.

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