Prices in the consumer market of Uzbekistan increased by an average of 1.1% in March, the Statistics Department of the State Statistics Committee estimated.
Goods rose in price for the month by an average of 1.2%, of which food prices grew by 1.3%, non-foods by 1.1%. Services have become more expensive by 0.5%.
Of food products, apples became more expensive by 18.7%, grapes - by 18.4%, pears - by 6.5%, bananas and citrus fruits - by 6.2% and 6.1% respectively. The opposite situation has developed with prices for vegetables and potatoes, where the price level for the month decreased by 1.4% and 2.4%, respectively. Most significantly, the onion price fell by 8.9%, garlic by 2.5%, potatoes by 2.4%, carrots by 1.1%, and cabbage by 0.9%.
The Statistics Committee notes that the saturation of the market with fruit and vegetable products of the new crop in the regional context is uneven, due to the geographical and climatic features of different parts of the country, as well as the situation with the export and import of certain types of fruits and vegetables.
In March, the growth rates of prices for meat products have significantly stabilized. Boneless beef went up in prices by 2.9%, fish cost grew by 2.6%, minced meat by 2.0%, beef (except boneless meat) by 0.9%, lamb by 0.6%. Against this background, prices for chicken drumstick and ham, as well as other poultry meat, declined by 0.7% and 1.5%, respectively.
Dairy products added 1.7% on average, including cream - 3%, suzma - 2.6%, kefir and curdled milk - 1.6%, milk - 1.5%.
A positive factor in the situation with food was the decline in prices for such goods as rice (0.9%), vegetable oil (sunflower - 0.4%, cotton - 0.6%), sugar (2%) and eggs (4.1%).
In the regions of Uzbekistan, differences remained in the level of average prices. Most expensive for consumers is the purchase of beef in Tashkent, lamb - in the Andijan region. A low level of average prices for boneless beef is noted in Jizzakh and Kashkadarya regions, and beef (except boneless meat) in Karakalpakstan.
The maximum average price of onions and carrots is registered in Tashkent, potatoes in Kashkadarya region. The minimum price of onions is noted in Kashkadarya, potatoes in the Jizzakh region, carrots in Khorezm.
Among non-food products, in particular, building materials, putty (13%), linoleum, laminated flooring plates (4%) and bricks (1.4%) were the most expensive. Specialists of the Committee associate this phenomenon with the growth of demand for products on the part of the population.
The increase in demand for seasonal clothing (demi-season jackets, blouses and shirts, jackets) largely caused the price increase for the goods of this group. Men's clothing went up by 2.4%, women’s - by 1.4%, children’s - by 1.7%.
A similar situation was observed with the increase in prices for seasonal footwear. Men’s footwear became more expensive on average by 2.5% (including shoes - by 4.5%, sneakers - by 1.7%), women’s - by 1.2% (including model shoes by 2.6%, shoes with a low heel - by 1.9%), children’s - by 0.6% (including sneakers - by 1.9%).
Of the other types of non-food products, prices for carpets and carpet products (2.2%), household textiles (1.9%) and furniture (1.3%) increased above the average group change.
Household services, which are mainly the subjects of private property, rose by an average 1.8% over the month. The most significant increase in prices for housing repair services (by 3.9%), which is largely due to an increase in seasonal demand. Hairdressers and beauty salons raised the cost of services by an average of 2.3%. The increase in prices for other types of household services did not exceed the threshold of the average group value (1.8%).
Passenger road transport services became more expensive due to an increase in the cost of travel in the city bus by an average of 3.2% in the republic (growth was registered only in the Syrdarya region - 1.6 times and Bukhara region - by 28.6%), and in fixed-route taxi - by 2.2% (only in Bukhara region - by 28.6% and Tashkent - by 2.3%).
A slight decrease in tariffs for air and rail transport services in March is associated with a decrease in the cost of air travel by observed routes and types of messages by an average of 0.3% and travel on long-distance trains by an average of 1.1%.