Homeland Cannot Be Carried Away, One Can Only Take a Longing For It
The national artist of the word, ‘Russian’ by language, Kyrgyz by descent, Tatar by mother, universal in thinking, humanist by spirit who is it? Lovers of reading are not mistaken and immediately recognized in it the world-famous Chingiz Aitmatov, the author of philosophical works and novels published in more than a hundred countries of the world.
His talent was well defined by Rasul Gamzatov: “Chingiz Aitmatov is a talent of world meaning; he is the heritage of all Soviet culture. But he is a Kyrgyz writer, and he expressed the soul of his people much brighter and more accurately than others who hold on to traditions as for a camouflage gown.” And indeed it is. Aitmatov developed national traditions for the sake of affirming their supreme international essence. The more fully and deeper the writer reflected the life of his people in its universal and national significance, the greater contribution he made to the cause of the common artistic progress of mankind.
It is not without reason that there is an opinion: one who is indifferent to his people will not be able to understand and love the soul of other peoples. Aitmatov was always a supporter of this opinion. He was in constant search of new characters, new destinies, did not restrain himself in love and anger. Condemnation of the slightest manifestations of nationalism is a red thread through the works of the writer. He demonstrates on living examples how national limitations doom a person to selfdestruction, loss of vital, joyful stimuli. All his creativity Aitmatov advocates friendship and unity of peoples, stands for the education of a high sense of internationalism.
Describing it as a phenomenon, researchers write: “In his destiny, as in a mirror, reflected a whole century, our Kyrgyz age, its dramas and tragedies, his ups and downs. As a writer, as a citizen and personality for Kyrgyzstan, he became the brightest and most voluminous expression of its all-round revival, its socio-cultural renaissance.”
Comparing Aitmatov to Dostoevsky, the Honored Art Worker, Professor Andrei Zolotov writes: “If the hero of Dostoevsky claims that beauty will save the world, the heroes of Aitmatov seem to say: The world will save Love. And one does not contradict one another, it is connected with one another by a deep connection...” Indeed, heartfelt interest is one of the most attractive of its features as a writer. Describing one of the early novels of Aitmatov’s Jamila, the outstanding French writer Louis Aragon enthusiastically responded: “Before I say everything I think about Jamila, I must note that I consider this work the most beautiful story in the world of love... Here, in this arrogant Paris, Paris of Villon, Hugo and Baudelaire, in Paris of kings and revolutions, Paris is an eternal city of art, where every stone is associated with a legend or history, in the city of lovers... in this Paris that saw everything, everything I read everything, I experienced everything, I read Jamila - not Verter and Berenice, nor Anthony and Cleopatra and not sentimental education... And the images of Romeo and Juliet, Paolo and Francesca, Hernani and Donji Sol have faded... for I met with Daniyar and Jamila who took me to the third year of the war, to the August night of 1943, somewhere in the Kurkurei Valley, to the mazhars with grain and the boy Seit telling their story...”
With the acclaimed Jamila, Chingiz Torekulovich participated in the first conference of writers of Asia and Africa, held in Tashkent in 1958. Ever since, he has been an invariable participant of conferences, symposiums, festivals, various celebrations that took place in our republic.
In his books, articles, he highly praised the First President of Uzbekistan, was friends with many scientists, cultural workers, writers, journalists of our country.
And then years later, the current President Shavkat Mirziyoyev approved by his decree the actions for extensive celebration in Uzbekistan of the 90th anniversary of the birth of the great writer and public figure Chingiz Aitmatov. A street in Tashkent will be called after his name, a bust of the writer will be installed in a school in Parkent, various events will take place. It is planned to hold a scientific conference “Chingiz Aitmatov and Uzbek Literature”, thematic meetings and literary evenings in schools, universities, military units and labor collectives with the participation of famous poets, writers and scientists.
In the second decade of December, the Uzbek National Academic Drama Theater will host a creative evening dedicated to the memory of an outstanding writer. Probably, it will be one of the most interesting evenings where you can talk endlessly about the talent of the Person who wrote the following words: “It is impossible to take the homeland, you can carry only grief, if the homeland could be dragged along like a sack, the price would be worthless to it”. Yes, you are right, this “Plakha” is a strong, disturbing novel, which has great educational value, especially for the younger generation. Today it is as relevant as ever, and it is today, when our world is full of threats and challenges, I want to subscribe to every word of Aitmatov: “There is no man more evil and more dangerous than a man’s self-love. A child’s conscience is in man, like an embryo in a grain; without germ the grain will not germinate.”
A man who has lived a beautiful life, leaves beautifully. At the end of his life Aitmatov wrote a novel, which became some kind of his farewell word. “When the mountains are falling,” it turned out as a kind of continuation of “Plakha”, and as a lament for the past era.
Speaking about this era, Osmonakun Ibraimov, a literature researcher, singled out five fates of the fate of the twentieth century: the first is Soviet power, the second is the cultural and educational revival, the third is territorial delimitation; the fourth is independence without war and blood; the fifth is the Aitmatov phenomenon.
When the writer died, they said about him: the last troubadour, lost in the ages, left the Kyrgyz Arion, left glorified love and enchanted by the beauty of existence. And saddened at the sight of all the tragic imperfections of the son of man.
The Writers’ Union of Uzbekistan recently hosted a meeting of the organizing committee to discuss the implementation of the resolution of the President of our country Shavkat Mirziyoyev “On the extensive celebration of the 90th anniversary of the great writer and public figure Chingiz Aitmatov”. Chairman of the Writers’ Union M. Ahmadov noted in particular that the resolution as a sign of high respect and honor to the great literary figure, a big friend of Uzbekistan, is of immense importance in cementing the friendly and good-neighborly relations with the Kyrgyz people, enhancing cooperation in literature and culture.
In 1990-1994, Aitmatov served as Ambassador of the USSR and Russia in Luxembourg. In 1994-2008, he was the Ambassador of Kyrgyzstan in the Benelux countries, NATO and the European Union. Aitmatov was the founder of the international movement Issyk-Kul Forum, the Vice-President of the Academy of Creativity (since 1992), the Trustee of the Eternal Memory to the Soldiers Foundation, the President of the Assembly of the Peoples of Central Asia (since 1995), the Academician of the Academy of Russian Literature (1996), member of the Club of Rome, a full member of the European Academy of Sciences, Arts and Literature and the World Academy of Sciences and Arts.