Uzbek­istan’s Youth Looks to the Fu­ture with Op­ti­mism and Con­fi­dence

The Ij­ti­moiy Fikr Cen­ter for the Study of Pub­lic Opin­ion has con­ducted a so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey on the topic: “The youth of Uzbek­istan: life val­ues, moral­ity, and so­cial guide­lines”.

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - IN THE MIRROR OF PUBLIC OPINION - Igor Ch­ernykh

The study out­comes have demon­strated that the ef­fec­tive­ness of the youth pol­icy in the coun­try is con­firmed by the fact that in the sys­tem of vi­tal val­ues of young peo­ple, ed­u­ca­tion to­day is one of the main pri­or­i­ties. The so­cial value of higher ed­u­ca­tion among the na­tion’s youth is con­stantly grow­ing. Back in 2010 and 2011, only a third of young peo­ple de­sired to ob­tain a higher ed­u­ca­tion. In 2018, the in­di­ca­tor is 66%. Boys and girls re­fer to science and ped­a­gogy, busi­ness, ser­vices and man­u­fac­tur­ing, med­i­cal spe­cial­ties as most de­sired ar­eas of higher ed­u­ca­tion.

The young gen­er­a­tion at­taches great im­por­tance to mas­ter­ing for­eign lan­guages, mainly English. They note the ex­cep­tional time­li­ness and the ma­jor role of mea­sures taken by the state to im­prove the sys­tem of learn­ing of for­eign lan­guages. This poses the prob­lem of a rad­i­cal im­prove­ment in the qual­ity of gen­eral ed­u­ca­tion, in-depth study of for­eign lan­guages.

For the last sev­eral years, there has been a sta­ble num­ber of young peo­ple who work. An­a­lyz­ing the age char­ac­ter­is­tics of work­ing youth, it should be noted that young peo­ple aged 20-29 (45.7%) work­ing in high-tech in­dus­tries show the most la­bor ac­tiv­ity.

The sur­vey showed that young Uzbek cit­i­zens are still striv­ing for ca­reer growth. Thus, more than half of the re­spon­dents – 53.6% in­di­cated a de­sire to seek ca­reer progress. This de­sire among young peo­ple is man­i­fest in the im­prove­ment of their pro­fes­sional qual­i­fi­ca­tions. More than half of the peo­ple sur­veyed are try­ing to sys­tem­at­i­cally up­date their knowl­edge in their spe­cialty – 52.7% (it was 58.6% in 2017). In terms of ed­u­ca­tion, young peo­ple with higher ed­u­ca­tion, 83.8%, more ac­tively im­prove their qual­i­fi­ca­tions. At the same time, the eval­u­a­tion by young peo­ple of their ad­vanced train­ing op­por­tu­ni­ties is con­sis­tently at a high level – 62.3%.

How­ever, there is a rather low level of youth en­gage­ment in pri­vate en­trepreneur­ship, only a tenth of the re­spon­dents an­swered pos­i­tively to the cor­re­spond­ing ques­tion. The main type of busi­ness that young peo­ple are en­gaged in is in­di­vid­ual en­trepreneur­ship (55.2%). 18.1% of re­spon­dents are en­gaged in fam­ily busi­ness, 12.4% – in small en­ter­prises. The most com­mon area of young en­trepreneurs is still trade – 42.9%, the pro­vi­sion of per­sonal ser­vices – 35.7%, food pro­duc­tion and pro­cess­ing of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts –12.4%.

The study re­vealed a dy­namic growth of self-con­scious­ness of the youth of the coun­try. This re­flects in the ex­pan­sion of the out­look of young peo­ple, the for­ma­tion of their feel­ings of pride and de­vo­tion to their home­land. The sur­vey showed that the youth of Uzbek­istan is char­ac­ter­ized by a high de­gree of pa­tri­o­tism, which is ex­pressed in love for the Mother­land, self-sac­ri­fic­ing ser­vice and readi­ness to pro­tect it. Most of the young men and women of Uzbek­istan con­sider them­selves pa­tri­ots of their coun­try. Ac­cord­ing to youth, pa­tri­o­tism is man­i­fest in “de­vo­tion and love for the Mother­land”, “strug­gle for the great fu­ture of their coun­try”, “knowl­edge and re­spect for the his­tory, cul­ture and na­tional tra­di­tions of their peo­ple”.

The study demon­strated that in rais­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of the state youth pol­icy, it is im­por­tant that the youth them­selves re­al­ize their main tasks, in­clud­ing in­creas­ing their hori­zons, mas­ter­ing deep knowl­edge, and the abil­ity to in­de­pen­dently think. Fur­ther mon­i­tor­ing of the prob­lems of young peo­ple is needed on the ba­sis of com­pre­hen­sive and tar­geted so­ci­o­log­i­cal re­search and pub­lic opin­ion polls.

In gen­eral, the re­sults of the study re­vealed a high so­cial op­ti­mism among the younger gen­er­a­tion of Uzbeks and a sense of their ac­tive in­volve­ment in the on­go­ing re­forms in the coun­try. As well as the con­fi­dence of boys and girls in their own fu­ture and the fu­ture of the na­tion.

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