Uzbekistan’s Youth Looks to the Future with Optimism and Confidence
The Ijtimoiy Fikr Center for the Study of Public Opinion has conducted a sociological survey on the topic: “The youth of Uzbekistan: life values, morality, and social guidelines”.
The study outcomes have demonstrated that the effectiveness of the youth policy in the country is confirmed by the fact that in the system of vital values of young people, education today is one of the main priorities. The social value of higher education among the nation’s youth is constantly growing. Back in 2010 and 2011, only a third of young people desired to obtain a higher education. In 2018, the indicator is 66%. Boys and girls refer to science and pedagogy, business, services and manufacturing, medical specialties as most desired areas of higher education.
The young generation attaches great importance to mastering foreign languages, mainly English. They note the exceptional timeliness and the major role of measures taken by the state to improve the system of learning of foreign languages. This poses the problem of a radical improvement in the quality of general education, in-depth study of foreign languages.
For the last several years, there has been a stable number of young people who work. Analyzing the age characteristics of working youth, it should be noted that young people aged 20-29 (45.7%) working in high-tech industries show the most labor activity.
The survey showed that young Uzbek citizens are still striving for career growth. Thus, more than half of the respondents – 53.6% indicated a desire to seek career progress. This desire among young people is manifest in the improvement of their professional qualifications. More than half of the people surveyed are trying to systematically update their knowledge in their specialty – 52.7% (it was 58.6% in 2017). In terms of education, young people with higher education, 83.8%, more actively improve their qualifications. At the same time, the evaluation by young people of their advanced training opportunities is consistently at a high level – 62.3%.
However, there is a rather low level of youth engagement in private entrepreneurship, only a tenth of the respondents answered positively to the corresponding question. The main type of business that young people are engaged in is individual entrepreneurship (55.2%). 18.1% of respondents are engaged in family business, 12.4% – in small enterprises. The most common area of young entrepreneurs is still trade – 42.9%, the provision of personal services – 35.7%, food production and processing of agricultural products –12.4%.
The study revealed a dynamic growth of self-consciousness of the youth of the country. This reflects in the expansion of the outlook of young people, the formation of their feelings of pride and devotion to their homeland. The survey showed that the youth of Uzbekistan is characterized by a high degree of patriotism, which is expressed in love for the Motherland, self-sacrificing service and readiness to protect it. Most of the young men and women of Uzbekistan consider themselves patriots of their country. According to youth, patriotism is manifest in “devotion and love for the Motherland”, “struggle for the great future of their country”, “knowledge and respect for the history, culture and national traditions of their people”.
The study demonstrated that in raising the effectiveness of the state youth policy, it is important that the youth themselves realize their main tasks, including increasing their horizons, mastering deep knowledge, and the ability to independently think. Further monitoring of the problems of young people is needed on the basis of comprehensive and targeted sociological research and public opinion polls.
In general, the results of the study revealed a high social optimism among the younger generation of Uzbeks and a sense of their active involvement in the ongoing reforms in the country. As well as the confidence of boys and girls in their own future and the future of the nation.