As­pi­ra­tion for Peace and Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - FORUM -

In­gib­jörg Sól­rún Gís­ladót­tir, Di­rec­tor of the OSCE Of­fice for Demo­cratic In­sti­tu­tions and Hu­man Rights:

En­sur­ing hu­man rights is an im­por­tant pre­req­ui­site for reforming and de­vel­op­ing the state and so­ci­ety. Or­ga­nized at the ini­tia­tive of Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the Asian Fo­rum is of great mag­ni­tude, es­pe­cially to­day, when the topic acquires ur­gency through­out the world.

The adop­tion of the Univer­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights 70 years ago made it pos­si­ble to unite ef­forts in this di­rec­tion. The doc­u­ment de­fines the guar­an­tee of hu­man rights as the main re­quire­ment for peace, sta­bil­ity and con­struc­tion of a demo­cratic state. The Dec­la­ra­tion calls for re­solv­ing the emerg­ing is­sues by peace­ful means, through ne­go­ti­a­tion and con­sen­sus.

En­sur­ing hu­man rights and in­ter­ests is one of the pri­or­i­ties of the Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Se­cu­rity and Co­op­er­a­tion in Europe. There­fore, the OSCE is ac­tively in­volved in this process, ready to pro­vide sup­port and nec­es­sary as­sis­tance to rel­e­vant ini­tia­tives.

In Uzbek­istan, hu­man rights is rec­og­nized as the high­est value, as ev­i­denced by the re­forms car­ried out here in ac­cor­dance with the Ac­tion Strat­egy. At the ini­tia­tive of Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziyoyev, its leg­isla­tive foun­da­tions are be­ing strength­ened, which con­trib­utes to the de­vel­op­ment and se­cu­rity of not only in Uzbek­istan, but through­out the re­gion. The Sa­markand Fo­rum is a good op­por­tu­nity to dis­cuss is­sues of achiev­ing sta­bil­ity and se­cu­rity in the re­gion and the world.

Ge­orge Tsereteli, Chair­man of the OSCE Par­lia­men­tary Assem­bly:

It is hardly ac­ci­den­tal that the Asian Fo­rum is held in Uzbek­istan, in the an­cient city of Sa­markand. This coun­try is lo­cated at the cross­roads where the paths of the peo­ples of the con­ti­nent have crossed since an­cient times.

De­spite the fact that the Univer­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights was signed 70 years ago as an im­por­tant guar­an­tee against them, var­i­ous con­flicts, di­vide and in­tol­er­ance, crimes against hu­man­ity are still go­ing on in the world.

By the na­ture of my work, I seek an­swers to these chal­lenges from the point of view of par­lia­men­tar­i­an­ism. It is a fac­tor that binds the state, so­ci­ety and ci­ti­zens, guar­an­tees the par­tic­i­pa­tion of ci­ti­zens in po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic, so­cial and hu­man­i­tar­ian ac­tiv­i­ties. This, in turn, raises the ur­gency of is­sues re­lated to the im­prove­ment of law­mak­ing, im­ple­men­ta­tion of le­gal acts, con­duct of fair and trans­par­ent elec­tions.

The par­tic­i­pa­tion of lead­ing ex­perts from a num­ber of coun­tries in the fo­rum con­trib­utes to the pop­u­lar­iza­tion of best prac­tices, through the re­al­iza­tion of this civic stance of eth­nic mi­nori­ties and var­i­ous seg­ments of the pop­u­la­tion.

Sergey Lebe­dev, Chair­man of the Ex­ec­u­tive Com­mit­tee – Ex­ec­u­tive Sec­re­tary of the CIS:

First of all, I would like to high­light Uzbek­istan’s ini­tia­tives in the field of hu­man rights, one of which is the cur­rent Asian Fo­rum in Sa­markand.

Since its in­cep­tion, the CIS has been pay­ing spe­cial at­ten­tion to in­ter­state re­la­tions in en­sur­ing hu­man in­ter­ests. This can be seen in the ex­am­ple of var­i­ous Com­mon­wealth doc­u­ments that em­body the goals and per­spec­tives of the Univer­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights. Within its frame­work, we adopted the con­cept of guar­an­tee­ing the right to ed­u­ca­tion, the con­ven­tion on en­sur­ing the right of mi­grants to work, the con­cept of in­tro­duc­ing in­te­grated mech­a­nisms for se­cur­ing so­cial rights.

The is­sue of the pro­tec­tion of moth­er­hood and child­hood and the in­ter­ests of women is also in the cen­ter of con­stant at­ten­tion of the CIS. In par­tic­u­lar, ac­cord­ing to the 11 Oc­to­ber 2017 state­ment of the Heads of State, a num­ber of mea­sures are be­ing taken to strengthen the fam­ily in­sti­tu­tion, in which Uzbek­istan is ac­tively in­volved. The Sa­markand Fo­rum will be an im­por­tant step to­wards rais­ing this co­op­er­a­tion to a new level.

Adam Ab­del­mula, Spe­cial Rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the United Na­tions High Com­mis­sioner for Hu­man Rights:

In re­cent years, co­op­er­a­tion be­tween Uzbek­istan and the Of­fice of the UN High Com­mis­sioner for Hu­man Rights has in­ten­si­fied. There were vis­its of del­e­ga­tions at var­i­ous lev­els, and ties were strength­ened to­wards cre­at­ing fa­vor­able con­di­tions in the hu­man di­men­sion.

In se­cur­ing hu­man rights, it is very im­por­tant to in­crease the ac­count­abil­ity of the ju­di­cial sys­tem and state bod­ies. At the same time, it is nec­es­sary to sup­port the in­sti­tu­tions of civil so­ci­ety and stim­u­late their par­tic­i­pa­tion in pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion, which is con­so­nant with the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals.

This fo­rum is a fa­vor­able plat­form for de­ter­min­ing the prospects for co­op­er­a­tion and the im­ple­men­ta­tion of tar­get pro­grams.

Kjerulf Thorgeirs­dot­tir, First Vice Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion for Democ­racy through Law (Venice Com­mis­sion):

The adop­tion of the Univer­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights is writ­ten down in the his­tory of mankind in golden let­ters. It be­came the first in­ter­na­tional doc­u­ment en­shrin­ing the equal­ity of all peo­ple re­gard­less of re­li­gion, be­liefs, so­cial or eth­nic ori­gin.

So far, our com­mis­sion has pub­lished the re­sults of more than 800 stud­ies, or­ga­nized over 600 sem­i­nars and con­fer­ences, and de­vel­oped more than 9,500 data­bases on the ju­di­cial and le­gal sphere.

In the frame­work of the fo­rum, we have the op­por­tu­nity to ex­change views on the na­tional prac­tices of the coun­tries of Cen­tral Asia and in­ter­na­tional norms. We have one goal: to en­sure the pro­tec­tion of honor and dig­nity of ev­ery­one and ev­ery­where.

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