New Labor Market Requires New Rules
This year Uzbekistan opened the Office of the National Coordinator of the International Labor Organization.
During his stay in Tashkent, Director General of the International Labor Organization Guy Ryder welcomed the harmonization of labor standards of Uzbekistan with international ones and the adoption of a “roadmap” for the implementation of ILO conventions in 2018-2020.
Negotiations with President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev became the main point in Guy Ryder’s visit program. Evaluating their results, the ILO Director General said negotiations were held in a friendly atmosphere, in a constructive spirit. The sides exchanged views on the successes achieved in the course of cooperation, plans for the future. The ILO actively cooperates with our country in the elimination of child labor and forced labor. As a result of efforts based on mutual understanding and trust, the parties were able to achieve success in this direction. Ryder stressed that today the International Labor Organization fully supports labor relations reforms in the country.
The guest said he was glad that international organizations, first of all the UN, and the entire world community appreciate the great successes of Uzbekistan achieved in various fields.
The meeting stressed the mutual readiness to continue a constructive dialogue and expand partnerships in new areas. Guy Ryder highly appreciated the socioeconomic policy of Uzbekistan being pursued at a new stage, highlighting the Action Strategy along Five Priority Tracks for the Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, which is consistent with the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
The International Conference “Ensuring Decent Employment in the Context of Sustainable Development Goals: International Practice and the Experience of Uzbekistan” became another important point of Guy Ryder’s visit program in Tashkent. The conference was attended by about 100 representatives of labor departments from ten countries, as well as UNDP, OSCE, UNICEF, the International Organization for Migration and the Asian Development Bank.
They expressed confidence that the further expansion of the partnership will create a solid basis for deepening the dialogue and will effectively use the ILO’s experience in developing the National Employment Strategy in Uzbekistan. We agreed on the development and adoption of a “roadmap” of long-term cooperation with the organization, continued work on ratifying the ILO conventions by our country, training and raising the skills of specialists in the field of labor relations, supporting the activities of trade unions and the Confederation of Employers.
Speaking about the outcome of the conference, Guy Ryder said that the prestigious event organized on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the ILO has played an important role in determining the directions and goals of our future activities.
Together with the government of Uzbekistan, we have made progress in eliminating child labor and forced labor. A few years ago, we could say that such results are unattainable.
The goal of my current visit to Tashkent is that the ILO is willing to continue to work together, develop relations with Uzbekistan and involve the parties concerned to promote reforms in Uzbekistan.”
Guy Ryder cited international statistics on social justice. Today, almost 200 million people in the world are out of work, poverty is a reality for more than 700 million people. According to him, more than 20% of the population in the European Union countries are at risk of poverty and social injustice.
“In Uzbekistan, about 12% of the population lives below the poverty line, so the task of the ILO in relation to social justice is to summarize the entire potential of the country and make sure that social benefits are distributed fairly. We must deal with the problems of injustice, inequality – I know you share this opinion,” Guy Ryder addressed the conference participants.
The ILO Director General noted that the new world of the labor market requires the development of new models, rules and standards to ensure social protection and decent work. “We are faced with fear, but not in relation to the fact that you can lose your job, but to lose humanity and dignity,” said the head of the organization.
In his opinion, a big fear is that today society cannot always fairly apply the achievements of science and innovations in the labor market.
Another meeting of Guy Ryder was held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. There, he was received by First Deputy Minister Ilhom Nematov. In a thorough conversation, promising areas of interaction between Uzbekistan and the International Labor Organization were announced. As it was noted at the meeting, the Development Strategy of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, initiated by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, plays a crucial role in bringing the country to a new innovative and industrial level of development and is a kind of road map for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
Guy Ryder highlighted significant strengthening in the last two years of cooperation between the ILO and Uzbekistan, which has grown into a true partnership.