New La­bor Mar­ket Re­quires New Rules

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - FRONT PAGE -

This year Uzbek­istan opened the Of­fice of the Na­tional Co­or­di­na­tor of the In­ter­na­tional La­bor Or­ga­ni­za­tion.

Dur­ing his stay in Tashkent, Di­rec­tor Gen­eral of the In­ter­na­tional La­bor Or­ga­ni­za­tion Guy Ry­der wel­comed the har­mo­niza­tion of la­bor stan­dards of Uzbek­istan with in­ter­na­tional ones and the adop­tion of a “roadmap” for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of ILO con­ven­tions in 2018-2020.

Ne­go­ti­a­tions with Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan Shavkat Mirziy­oyev be­came the main point in Guy Ry­der’s visit pro­gram. Eval­u­at­ing their re­sults, the ILO Di­rec­tor Gen­eral said ne­go­ti­a­tions were held in a friendly at­mos­phere, in a con­struc­tive spirit. The sides ex­changed views on the suc­cesses achieved in the course of co­op­er­a­tion, plans for the fu­ture. The ILO ac­tively co­op­er­ates with our coun­try in the elim­i­na­tion of child la­bor and forced la­bor. As a re­sult of ef­forts based on mu­tual un­der­stand­ing and trust, the par­ties were able to achieve suc­cess in this di­rec­tion. Ry­der stressed that to­day the In­ter­na­tional La­bor Or­ga­ni­za­tion fully sup­ports la­bor re­la­tions re­forms in the coun­try.

The guest said he was glad that in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions, first of all the UN, and the en­tire world com­mu­nity ap­pre­ci­ate the great suc­cesses of Uzbek­istan achieved in var­i­ous fields.

The meet­ing stressed the mu­tual readi­ness to con­tinue a con­struc­tive di­a­logue and ex­pand part­ner­ships in new ar­eas. Guy Ry­der highly ap­pre­ci­ated the so­cioe­co­nomic pol­icy of Uzbek­istan be­ing pur­sued at a new stage, high­light­ing the Ac­tion Strat­egy along Five Pri­or­ity Tracks for the De­vel­op­ment of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan in 2017-2021, which is con­sis­tent with the UN Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals.

The In­ter­na­tional Con­fer­ence “En­sur­ing De­cent Em­ploy­ment in the Con­text of Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals: In­ter­na­tional Prac­tice and the Ex­pe­ri­ence of Uzbek­istan” be­came an­other im­por­tant point of Guy Ry­der’s visit pro­gram in Tashkent. The con­fer­ence was at­tended by about 100 rep­re­sen­ta­tives of la­bor de­part­ments from ten coun­tries, as well as UNDP, OSCE, UNICEF, the In­ter­na­tional Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Mi­gra­tion and the Asian De­vel­op­ment Bank.

They ex­pressed con­fi­dence that the fur­ther ex­pan­sion of the part­ner­ship will cre­ate a solid ba­sis for deep­en­ing the di­a­logue and will ef­fec­tively use the ILO’s ex­pe­ri­ence in de­vel­op­ing the Na­tional Em­ploy­ment Strat­egy in Uzbek­istan. We agreed on the de­vel­op­ment and adop­tion of a “roadmap” of long-term co­op­er­a­tion with the or­ga­ni­za­tion, con­tin­ued work on rat­i­fy­ing the ILO con­ven­tions by our coun­try, train­ing and rais­ing the skills of spe­cial­ists in the field of la­bor re­la­tions, sup­port­ing the ac­tiv­i­ties of trade unions and the Con­fed­er­a­tion of Em­ploy­ers.

Speak­ing about the out­come of the con­fer­ence, Guy Ry­der said that the pres­ti­gious event or­ga­nized on the eve of the 100th an­niver­sary of the ILO has played an im­por­tant role in de­ter­min­ing the direc­tions and goals of our fu­ture ac­tiv­i­ties.

To­gether with the govern­ment of Uzbek­istan, we have made progress in elim­i­nat­ing child la­bor and forced la­bor. A few years ago, we could say that such re­sults are unattain­able.

The goal of my cur­rent visit to Tashkent is that the ILO is will­ing to con­tinue to work to­gether, de­velop re­la­tions with Uzbek­istan and in­volve the par­ties con­cerned to pro­mote re­forms in Uzbek­istan.”

Guy Ry­der cited in­ter­na­tional statis­tics on so­cial jus­tice. To­day, al­most 200 mil­lion peo­ple in the world are out of work, poverty is a re­al­ity for more than 700 mil­lion peo­ple. Ac­cord­ing to him, more than 20% of the pop­u­la­tion in the Eu­ro­pean Union coun­tries are at risk of poverty and so­cial in­jus­tice.

“In Uzbek­istan, about 12% of the pop­u­la­tion lives below the poverty line, so the task of the ILO in re­la­tion to so­cial jus­tice is to sum­ma­rize the en­tire po­ten­tial of the coun­try and make sure that so­cial ben­e­fits are dis­trib­uted fairly. We must deal with the prob­lems of in­jus­tice, in­equal­ity – I know you share this opin­ion,” Guy Ry­der ad­dressed the con­fer­ence par­tic­i­pants.

The ILO Di­rec­tor Gen­eral noted that the new world of the la­bor mar­ket re­quires the de­vel­op­ment of new mod­els, rules and stan­dards to en­sure so­cial pro­tec­tion and de­cent work. “We are faced with fear, but not in re­la­tion to the fact that you can lose your job, but to lose hu­man­ity and dig­nity,” said the head of the or­ga­ni­za­tion.

In his opin­ion, a big fear is that to­day so­ci­ety can­not al­ways fairly ap­ply the achieve­ments of sci­ence and in­no­va­tions in the la­bor mar­ket.

An­other meet­ing of Guy Ry­der was held at the Min­istry of For­eign Af­fairs. There, he was re­ceived by First Deputy Min­is­ter Il­hom Ne­ma­tov. In a thor­ough con­ver­sa­tion, promis­ing ar­eas of in­ter­ac­tion be­tween Uzbek­istan and the In­ter­na­tional La­bor Or­ga­ni­za­tion were an­nounced. As it was noted at the meet­ing, the De­vel­op­ment Strat­egy of Uzbek­istan in 2017-2021, ini­ti­ated by Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev, plays a cru­cial role in bring­ing the coun­try to a new in­no­va­tive and in­dus­trial level of de­vel­op­ment and is a kind of road map for achiev­ing the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals.

Guy Ry­der high­lighted sig­nif­i­cant strength­en­ing in the last two years of co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the ILO and Uzbek­istan, which has grown into a true part­ner­ship.

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