Digital Technology Changes the Way Knowledge Is Created
The MES project envisages the following: in the classroom, schoolchildren should use individual tablets or smartphones, contacting an interactive whiteboard in the classroom, complete tests, “attend” virtual tours, use virtual laboratories. Each lesson must be prepared by the teacher in electronic form, automated verification of written work is also introduced, during which it is necessary to carry out a section of knowledge with automatic grading in an electronic journal.
A router is a specialized computer that forwards packets among different network segments based on rules and routing tables. The router can connect heterogeneous networks.
The project “Contingent” is a system of accounting for basic educational supplementary general education programs.
We increasingly come across today with the expression “digitalization of education”. It is clear that digital technologies have transformed our everyday life and we ourselves did not understand how the environment around us has become in large parts digital. But how does this relate to education? We have talked about this with Nigina Magdiyeva, a senior research fellow at the Institute of Strategic and Regional Studies.
“In many European countries a blended learning format is being actively introduced in recent years, constituting a combination of academic education and digital technologies. But even in Russia, a year ago, the start of the priority project “Modern Digital Educational Environment in the Russian Federation” was launched, seeking to provide high-quality and affordable online education with the help of modern technologies. What is the reason behind all this? After all, the internet will never replace the teacher.”
“Yes, of course, the global net will hardly substitute the teacher, but in the modern world, education is moving to the virtual space and conquering it at an accelerated pace. According to experts, Russia is already approaching the final stage in the transformation of the traditional education system: the government has embarked on the introduction of digital teaching methods.
As analysts suggest, the desire of Russia to accelerate the formation of a “digital society” owes to the following objective factors: first, due to the mounting competition and the speedy transformation of technology, the global business needs employees trained under a narrow circle of tasks with maximum flexibility and able to work in different cultures and in different technological environment; secondly, digital technologies change the way in which knowledge is created and transmitted, skills are formed, and processes for evaluating and managing educational institutions are carried out. These technologies are transnational, accessible to all sectors of society; third, a significant part of new solutions for education is implemented in the form of technological startups estimated by investors as one of the most promising areas. Outside the traditional education system, a new transnational market emerges, which is beginning to introduce new standards.
“What are the online learning opportunities in Russia now and how will they change in the future”
“The Moscow Electronic School (MES) project has become the embodiment of the process of digitalization of education. In 2016, MES was introduced as a pilot project in 6 institutions in Moscow, in 2017 it reached 608 schools, by the end of 2018, the project should cover all educational institutions in the Russian capital.
MES is introduced in the form of separate elements (electronic diaries, journals, push notifications to parents, etc.) or in full, which includes: first, the hardware, an interactive blackboard, access to Wi-Fi, laptop, teacher’s tablet, server at school, structured cable networks; second, the software part – providing network access for working with content, downloading training materials, demonstrating and moderating them in class, as well as an electronic library with materials.
For this purpose, in the Russian Federation, technical re-equipment of metropolitan schools and the training of qualified specialists began. In particular, the classes are equipped with interactive whiteboards (the cost of one board is $ 7.7 thousand), Wi-Fi routers, etc.; teachers are trained by the new system with the help of instructors; teachers and school principals are encouraged to participate in the project by providing grants from the government of Moscow to developers of electronic materials for the MES.”
“What are the main mechanisms promoting e-education in Russia?”
“Among the main mechanisms I can single out the “EdCrunch” conference, which, with the support of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, is called upon to distribute new educational technologies, primarily mass open online courses (MOOC). I will clarify that EdCrunch is one of the largest conferences in Europe in the field of new educational technologies. These events bring together leading world experts in the field of modern online education and the creators of world and national educational platforms.
An effective factor was the launch of the Higher School of Economics of the Russian National Open Education Platform (NOEP). It implements it together with seven leading universities of the Russian Federation (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, the M.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys, St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg State University and St. Petersburg Polytechnic University).
In 2016, more than 90 courses were placed on the platform, and the number of students exceeded 120 thousand people, the courses reached 231 in 2017 and 400 thousand people, respectively.
Another mechanism is the approval by the government of the Russian Federation of the “roadmap” for the creation of a comprehensive project of the State Information System “Contingent”. A single federal interagency system should combine information about the child, which is stored in various departments. It is supposed to partially connect information systems, having received information from: the Civil Registry Office (information about the birth of a child, the FMS (information about the place of registration and citizenship), the Pension Fund (SNILS), the student’s electronic diary (information about the student’s progress), the university’s database (information about exams and courses attended).
“Could you tell us more about the project “Modern Digital Educational Environment in the Russian Federation”?”
“The project “Modern Digital Educational Environment in the Russian Federation” was approved by the Russian government as part of the implementation of the state program “Development of Education for 2013-2020”. It is being implemented as part of the Strategy for the Development of the Information Society in the Russian Federation for 2017-2030 and the Digital Economy of the Russian Federation Program. By the way, it was elaborated on the basis of online training and the contingent project. Its realization is designed for the period from 2016 to 2025. In addition, the point is to create conditions for lifelong education through the development of digital educational space, which will bring the number of students using online courses to 2020 to 6 million people, and by 2025 up to 11 million.
The result should be the creation of an information resource for all categories of citizens, which will provide access to online courses for all levels of education.
Today’s advances in technology of adaptive learning and artificial intelligence truly transform the educational experience of students on a scale that we could never imagine. In the process of learning or working in the digital environment, users create large streams of educational data that open up opportunities for new pedagogy. Big data-based pedagogy: collecting information on productive educational, career and developmental trajectories, on the demand for different types of educational content, on patterns of behavior, analysis of personal data and recommendations for changing the trajectory.”
“Do you think that the introduction of digital technologies by Russia into the educational system can be of practical interest for Uzbekistan, especially considering the increasing interaction among the higher educational institutions of our two countries?”
“Definitely. The potential of technology in providing personalized access to quality education calls into question the future of schools, universities and universities in any country. And in any case, we should ask such questions: how to preserve the motivation of children and create a developing educational environment? How will the education system change in general and how will learning paths be formed in the future?”
“And what should Uzbekistan begin with in order to be ready to address these issues?”
“Well, first, we can consider the possibility of creating an expert working group within the Ministry of Public Education, the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education, the Ministry of Communications and the Ministry of Finance to develop a national strategy for Uzbekistan to introduce digital education in the republic.
Secondly, to develop and implement a pilot project of “digital education” at the Tashkent State Technical University (TSTU), involving as partners the branches of Lomonosov Moscow State University and the Branch of the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys in Uzbekistan.
Third, together with Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications the TSTU may consider the possibility of developing massive open online courses using distance-learning formats.