Our Common Home
The Ijtimoiy Fikr Center for the Study of Public Opinion has conducted a sociological survey under the topic “Uzbekistan is our common home”, during which priority trends were established in public opinion on the development of interethnic relations in the country, the dynamics of their changes during the years of independence were identified.
The results of monitoring surveys of public opinion confirm that, according to Uzbeks, the most valuable asset is peace and stability, interethnic and civil consent in society (99.2%). This belief is characteristic of the absolute majority of respondents regardless of their place of residence, gender, ethnicity, age, family, educational or social status.
The population in the absolute majority (95.8%) considers the President of our country to be the guarantor of peace and tranquility, the strengthening of interethnic relations in Uzbekistan. There is a consolidation of public opinion around the personality of the head of state. This is due both to the positive assessment of the policy pursued by him and to the results achieved in the political, economic, social and cultural spheres.
Most citizens believe that with the assumption of the office of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev two years ago, a new era of state development has arrived for Uzbekistan. The survey participants positively evaluate the results of socio-economic reforms, strengthening positions and enhancing the country's image in the international arena, creating conditions for ensuring the comprehensive and accelerated development of the country and society, and boosting the welfare and quality of life of citizens.
The survey revealed the unity of public opinion in the fact that, under the leadership of the President, a strategic course was developed to achieve the goals set for joining Uzbekistan among the developed countries of the world. In this process, special attention is paid to the development of international cooperation with both countries of the near and far abroad.
The study of public opinion has identified three groups of factors that serve as the basis of interethnic and civil consent in Uzbek society. They are connected with the state national policy, concern for ordinary people, economic and socio-political stability of the society; with the peculiarities of the Uzbek people: the breadth of their soul, high moral qualities, benevolence of Uzbeks to representatives of other nations and nationalities; with ethnic and religious tolerance: good attitude of Muslims of Uzbekistan to representatives of other religions, correct civic stance of representatives of non-titular ethnic groups of the republic.
One of the parameters for studying the ethnic and religious tolerance of the multiethnic population is civil identification. The study revealed the stability of the attitude of the population towards their country and the degree of identification with it. Respondents view Uzbekistan as their beloved homeland, for which they feel pride, as the country in which they were born and raised, as the homeland of their ancestors.
A comparative analysis of the results shows that the social perceptions of the people of the republic about their country are stable and include a positive image of Uzbekistan, a strong sense of connection with the historical roots of the people, emotionally positive affection.
An important factor of peace and stability, interethnic and civil harmony in the country is the observance of the rights and freedoms of citizens defined in the Constitution, regardless of their national and religious affiliation. Evaluation by the population of the observance of the rights and freedoms of citizens has shown that they are fully respected (99%).
In modern society, the state language is of political and social importance, which ensures the unity of the people and is a significant factor in strengthening and maintaining peace, interethnic and civil harmony in the country.
The attitude of the population to knowledge of the state (Uzbek) language was traced in this survey by analyzing four indicators: self-assessment of language skills; desire to learn it; opportunities to study it; providing conditions and learning assistance.
The study showed that the population of Uzbekistan is fluent in the Uzbek language. The motivation of respondents in his study was studied. Stable is the desire of respondents to learn the state language. According to the respondents, all opportunities have been created for this (92.6%). 81.5% of respondents noted attention and assistance towards those who wish to learn the Uzbek language.
A vivid indicator of civil consent in society is the emotional coloring of the feelings experienced by citizens towards their homeland. The vast majority of the population (90.7%) feels a sense of pride, being citizens of Uzbekistan. This feeling remains unchanged for most Uzbeks.
The results of population polls conducted in the monitoring mode confirm the stability of interethnic harmony as a characteristic feature inherent in interethnic relations in the country. The 2018 survey records high rates in assessing the state of interethnic relations in the country – an absolute majority of respondents consider them very good.
The Uzbek people positively estimate the prospects for preserving interethnic harmony, and, consequently, a stable social and political situation in the country, the main factor of which is the national policy pursued in the country.
The survey showed that the citizens understand the key factors for improving life in the country, to which citizens include the further strengthening of peace, stability, interethnic and civil harmony, an increase in the level and quality of life, and the spiritual and moral development of society.
The study makes it possible to predict the further strengthening of the state, the tendency to enhance civilian identity among the country’s population, and the population’s support for the republic’s national strategy of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
In general, the study reveals the stability of favorable international relations in independent Uzbekistan, which is based on an effective national policy and tolerance of the population of our nation.