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Uzbekistan Today (English) - - IN THE MIRROR OF PUBLIC OPINION - Igor Ch­ernykh

The Ij­ti­moiy Fikr Cen­ter for the Study of Pub­lic Opin­ion has con­ducted a so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey un­der the topic “Uzbek­istan is our com­mon home”, dur­ing which pri­or­ity trends were es­tab­lished in pub­lic opin­ion on the de­vel­op­ment of in­tereth­nic re­la­tions in the coun­try, the dy­nam­ics of their changes dur­ing the years of in­de­pen­dence were iden­ti­fied.

The re­sults of mon­i­tor­ing sur­veys of pub­lic opin­ion con­firm that, ac­cord­ing to Uzbeks, the most valu­able as­set is peace and sta­bil­ity, in­tereth­nic and civil con­sent in so­ci­ety (99.2%). This be­lief is char­ac­ter­is­tic of the ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents re­gard­less of their place of res­i­dence, gen­der, eth­nic­ity, age, fam­ily, ed­u­ca­tional or so­cial sta­tus.

The pop­u­la­tion in the ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity (95.8%) con­sid­ers the Pres­i­dent of our coun­try to be the guar­an­tor of peace and tran­quil­ity, the strength­en­ing of in­tereth­nic re­la­tions in Uzbek­istan. There is a con­sol­i­da­tion of pub­lic opin­ion around the per­son­al­ity of the head of state. This is due both to the pos­i­tive as­sess­ment of the pol­icy pur­sued by him and to the re­sults achieved in the po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic, so­cial and cul­tural spheres.

Most ci­ti­zens be­lieve that with the as­sump­tion of the of­fice of Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev two years ago, a new era of state de­vel­op­ment has ar­rived for Uzbek­istan. The sur­vey par­tic­i­pants pos­i­tively eval­u­ate the re­sults of so­cio-eco­nomic re­forms, strength­en­ing po­si­tions and en­hanc­ing the coun­try's im­age in the in­ter­na­tional arena, cre­at­ing con­di­tions for en­sur­ing the com­pre­hen­sive and ac­cel­er­ated de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try and so­ci­ety, and boost­ing the wel­fare and qual­ity of life of ci­ti­zens.

The sur­vey re­vealed the unity of pub­lic opin­ion in the fact that, un­der the lead­er­ship of the Pres­i­dent, a strate­gic course was de­vel­oped to achieve the goals set for join­ing Uzbek­istan among the de­vel­oped coun­tries of the world. In this process, spe­cial at­ten­tion is paid to the de­vel­op­ment of in­ter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion with both coun­tries of the near and far abroad.

The study of pub­lic opin­ion has iden­ti­fied three groups of fac­tors that serve as the ba­sis of in­tereth­nic and civil con­sent in Uzbek so­ci­ety. They are con­nected with the state na­tional pol­icy, con­cern for or­di­nary peo­ple, eco­nomic and so­cio-po­lit­i­cal sta­bil­ity of the so­ci­ety; with the pe­cu­liar­i­ties of the Uzbek peo­ple: the breadth of their soul, high moral qual­i­ties, benev­o­lence of Uzbeks to rep­re­sen­ta­tives of other na­tions and na­tion­al­i­ties; with eth­nic and re­li­gious tol­er­ance: good at­ti­tude of Mus­lims of Uzbek­istan to rep­re­sen­ta­tives of other re­li­gions, cor­rect civic stance of rep­re­sen­ta­tives of non-tit­u­lar eth­nic groups of the repub­lic.

One of the pa­ram­e­ters for study­ing the eth­nic and re­li­gious tol­er­ance of the mul­ti­eth­nic pop­u­la­tion is civil iden­ti­fi­ca­tion. The study re­vealed the sta­bil­ity of the at­ti­tude of the pop­u­la­tion to­wards their coun­try and the de­gree of iden­ti­fi­ca­tion with it. Re­spon­dents view Uzbek­istan as their beloved home­land, for which they feel pride, as the coun­try in which they were born and raised, as the home­land of their an­ces­tors.

A com­par­a­tive anal­y­sis of the re­sults shows that the so­cial per­cep­tions of the peo­ple of the repub­lic about their coun­try are sta­ble and in­clude a pos­i­tive im­age of Uzbek­istan, a strong sense of con­nec­tion with the his­tor­i­cal roots of the peo­ple, emo­tion­ally pos­i­tive af­fec­tion.

An im­por­tant fac­tor of peace and sta­bil­ity, in­tereth­nic and civil har­mony in the coun­try is the ob­ser­vance of the rights and free­doms of ci­ti­zens de­fined in the Con­sti­tu­tion, re­gard­less of their na­tional and re­li­gious af­fil­i­a­tion. Eval­u­a­tion by the pop­u­la­tion of the ob­ser­vance of the rights and free­doms of ci­ti­zens has shown that they are fully re­spected (99%).

In mod­ern so­ci­ety, the state lan­guage is of po­lit­i­cal and so­cial im­por­tance, which en­sures the unity of the peo­ple and is a sig­nif­i­cant fac­tor in strength­en­ing and main­tain­ing peace, in­tereth­nic and civil har­mony in the coun­try.

The at­ti­tude of the pop­u­la­tion to knowl­edge of the state (Uzbek) lan­guage was traced in this sur­vey by an­a­lyz­ing four in­di­ca­tors: self-as­sess­ment of lan­guage skills; de­sire to learn it; op­por­tu­ni­ties to study it; pro­vid­ing con­di­tions and learn­ing as­sis­tance.

The study showed that the pop­u­la­tion of Uzbek­istan is flu­ent in the Uzbek lan­guage. The mo­ti­va­tion of re­spon­dents in his study was stud­ied. Sta­ble is the de­sire of re­spon­dents to learn the state lan­guage. Ac­cord­ing to the re­spon­dents, all op­por­tu­ni­ties have been cre­ated for this (92.6%). 81.5% of re­spon­dents noted at­ten­tion and as­sis­tance to­wards those who wish to learn the Uzbek lan­guage.

A vivid in­di­ca­tor of civil con­sent in so­ci­ety is the emo­tional col­or­ing of the feel­ings ex­pe­ri­enced by ci­ti­zens to­wards their home­land. The vast ma­jor­ity of the pop­u­la­tion (90.7%) feels a sense of pride, be­ing ci­ti­zens of Uzbek­istan. This feel­ing re­mains un­changed for most Uzbeks.

The re­sults of pop­u­la­tion polls con­ducted in the mon­i­tor­ing mode con­firm the sta­bil­ity of in­tereth­nic har­mony as a char­ac­ter­is­tic fea­ture in­her­ent in in­tereth­nic re­la­tions in the coun­try. The 2018 sur­vey records high rates in as­sess­ing the state of in­tereth­nic re­la­tions in the coun­try – an ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents con­sider them very good.

The Uzbek peo­ple pos­i­tively es­ti­mate the prospects for pre­serv­ing in­tereth­nic har­mony, and, con­se­quently, a sta­ble so­cial and po­lit­i­cal sit­u­a­tion in the coun­try, the main fac­tor of which is the na­tional pol­icy pur­sued in the coun­try.

The sur­vey showed that the ci­ti­zens un­der­stand the key fac­tors for im­prov­ing life in the coun­try, to which ci­ti­zens in­clude the fur­ther strength­en­ing of peace, sta­bil­ity, in­tereth­nic and civil har­mony, an in­crease in the level and qual­ity of life, and the spir­i­tual and moral de­vel­op­ment of so­ci­ety.

The study makes it pos­si­ble to pre­dict the fur­ther strength­en­ing of the state, the ten­dency to en­hance civil­ian iden­tity among the coun­try’s pop­u­la­tion, and the pop­u­la­tion’s sup­port for the repub­lic’s na­tional strat­egy of Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev.

In gen­eral, the study re­veals the sta­bil­ity of fa­vor­able in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions in in­de­pen­dent Uzbek­istan, which is based on an ef­fec­tive na­tional pol­icy and tol­er­ance of the pop­u­la­tion of our na­tion.

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