Mekong Delta district ex­pands shrimp-rice farms

Ro­ta­tion models al­low farm­ers to make about $13,200 per hectare per year

Viet Nam News - - FEATURES -

HCM CITY — As prof­its rise from shrimp-rice ro­ta­tion models, Kienâ GiangProvince’sVón­hThuanä District plans to ex­pand the cul­ti­va­tion area to a to­tal of 10,000ha.

Under the highly profitable model, farm­ers use the same field to grow blue-legged prawns and white-legged shrimp in the dry sea­son, while rice is cul­ti­vated in the rainy sea­son.

Phamï Vanê Hauä , vice chair­man of the Vónh Thuanä District Peo­ple’s Com­mit­tee, said that breed­ing prawns lasts for six months and shrimp three months.

With such a sched­ule, farm­ers can har­vest three crus­tacean crops and one rice crop a year.

The model pro­vides an av­er­age profit of about VNÑ300 mil­lion (US$13,200) per ha per year, he said.

The district plans to ex­pand the model in Vónh Bình Nam, Vónh Bình Baéc and Bình Minh com­munes, which are lo­cated along the Caiù Lônù River, and in Tanâ Thuanä Com­mune.

The shrimp bred under this model is con­sid­ered “clean” be­cause farm­ers do not use chem­i­cals. In ad­di­tion, the qual­ity of the field soil im­proves and pro­vides nat­u­ral food for the shrimp.

Also, farm­ers no longer have to worry about sell­ing their prod­ucts as traders come to their fields to buy the shrimp.

Voõ Vaên Söõa, who has 3ha of land in Vónh Bình Bacé Com­mune, said he earns a profit of more than VNÑ900 mil­lion ($36,600) a year from shrimp and rice. In the past, his fam­ily bred black tiger shrimp and did not al­ways earn a profit.

To en­hance ef­fi­ciency, the district will ex­pand the mar­ket for blue­legged prawns as farm­ers are more will­ing to switch to the model when there is a sta­ble out­let.

“Under the district’s agri­cul­tural re­struc­tur­ing plan, the district is de­vel­op­ing the ro­ta­tion model, but many farms are still breed­ing only shrimp,” he said. This could lead to pol­luted wa­ter re­sources and soil degra­da­tion, which could dam­age farms.

This year, the district will reg­is­ter a col­lec­tive brand for its blue­legged prawn and rice planted under the shrimp-rice ro­tat­ing model, he said.

Shrimp and rice are two key agri­cul­tural prod­ucts in the Cöuû Long (Mekong) Delta district of Vónh Thuanä , where the soil is af­fected by alu­minum and salt­wa­ter in­tru­sion.

The district’s blue-legged prawns are sold do­mes­ti­cally and also ex­ported to Cam­bo­dia.

Last year, the district bred about 23,880ha of var­i­ous kinds of shrimp with a to­tal yield of about 12,580 tonnes, up 20 per cent against 2016.

Of the fig­ure, blue-legged prawn ac­counted for 5,551 tonnes, and white-legged shrimp and black tiger shrimp the rest. — VNS

Farm­ers in Kieân Giang Prov­ince’s Vónh Thuaän District har­vest black tiger shrimp. — VNA/VNS Photo Leâ Sen

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