Death of French playwright Pierre Beaumarchais. He wrote the two comedies The Marriage of Figaro and of Seville.
Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of France. He was crowned on December 2, 1804.
Birth of Bertrand Russell, British philosopher and mathematician. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950.
The United Nations moves its headquarters to New York City.
The United States, the Soviet Union and 29 other nations sign a United Nations pact banning artificial use of the weather as a weapon of war, pledging they would never attack each other by starting manmade storms, earthquakes or tidal waves. East and West Germany sign a monetary union treaty, the first step on the road to unification.
Death of Ñoã Nhuanä (born 1922), Vietnamese composer and general secretary of the Viâeät Nam Musicians Association. He is well-known for many songs, including
Du Kích Ca (Guerrillas March),
Soâng Thao (Guerrillas on the Thao River)
Giaûi Phoùng Ñieän Bieân (Liberation of
Coâ Sao (Miss Sao) and
Ngöôøi Taïc Töôïng (The Sculptor) are the first operas ever written in Vieät Nam. Scientists in California announce they have revived 25-million-year-old bacteria from the gut of a bee trapped in a piece of amber.
Sierra Leones government and the countrys rebels agree to a ceasefire to end seven years of savage fighting.
The UN Security Council unanimously approves an arms embargo against Ethiopia and Eritrea following the latest flare-up in their two-year border war. Independent National Security Archive reveals that former US President Dwight D Eisenhower kept secret from US allies his orders to authorise military commanders to launch retaliatory nuclear attacks.
Mobs rampage through poor suburbs of Johannesburg in a frenzy of anti-foreigner hatred, killing at least seven people, injuring dozens and forcing hundreds to seek refuge at police stations.
President Dmitry Medvedev says Russia will not scrap prospective pipeline routes bypassing Ukraine, but it is ready to discuss other energy projects with the new Ukrainian leadership.
Swiss voters reject a US$25 per hour minimum wage.
More than 150 people are feared dead by two landslides triggered by more than three days of heavy rain in central. Official campaigning ends in Iran with opinion polling showing Hassan Rouhani and Ebrahim Raisi as the two leading candidates. AP/REUTERS/VNS