NA­TIONAL VN plans to de­velop in­dus­trial re­la­tions

Viet Nam News - - FRONT PAGE -

HAØ NOÄI — It is time for Vieät Nam to de­velop a new in­dus­trial re­la­tions frame­work to boost eco­nomic growth and en­ter­prise pro­duc­tiv­ity and en­sure work­ers re­ceive a fair share of the gains pro­duced through their labour.

The new frame­work will help the coun­try ad­dress its in­dus­trial re­la­tions chal­lenges – shown through wild­cat strikes start­ing in the mid 1990s – and com­ply with its labour com­mit­ments in the new gen­er­a­tion of free trade agree­ments (FTAs) in­clud­ing the EU-Vieät Nam FTA and the Com­pre­hen­sive and Pro­gres­sive Agree­ment for Trans-Pa­cific Part­ner­ship (CPTPP).

As it moves to­wards a mar­ket econ­omy, Vieät Nam needs mod­ern labour laws, stronger in­dus­trial re­la­tions in­sti­tu­tions and rep­re­sen­ta­tive or­gan­i­sa­tions and bet­ter en­force­ment ca­pac­ity to reap the re­wards of in­ter­na­tional trade and in­vest­ment.

“Vieät Nam is on a path­way to re­form through both in­ter­na­tional in­te­gra­tion and the in­creas­ing ap­pli­ca­tion of mod­ern mar­ket econ­omy prin­ci­ples,” said ILO Viet Nam Di­rec­tor Chang-Hee Lee.

Party Res­o­lu­tion No 6 in Novem­ber 2016 and Party Res­o­lu­tion No 27 in May 2018 clar­i­fied the State’s in­ten­tion to in­ter­vene less in labour re­la­tion­ships and to pro­mote col­lec­tive bar­gain­ing and di­a­logue as the key means of set­tling terms and con­di­tions of work.

To sup­port the coun­try in this labour re­form, the “Project on Pro­mot­ing the de­vel­op­ment of a new in­dus­trial re­la­tions frame­work in re­spect of the ILO Dec­la­ra­tion on Fun­da­men­tal Prin­ci­ples and Rights at Work” (NIRF project) was launched yes­ter­day by the Min­istry of Labour, In­valids and So­cial Af­fairs (MoLISA) and ILO.

The US$4.3 mil­lion project is fi­nan­cially sup­ported by the US De­part­ment of La­bor and the Ja­pan’s Min­istry of Health, Labour and Wel­fare in the form of of­fi­cial de­vel­op­ment as­sis­tance.

Its im­ple­ment­ing part­ners in­clude the Vieät Nam Cham­ber of Com­merce and In­dus­try and the Vieät Nam Gen­eral Con­fed­er­a­tion of Labour.

NIRF’s goal is to lay the le­gal and in­sti­tu­tional foun­da­tions for a new in­dus­trial re­la­tions frame­work, based on the 1998 ILO Dec­la­ra­tion on Fun­da­men­tal Prin­ci­ples and Rights at Work, in full con­sid­er­a­tion of Vieät Nam’s con­text.

By the end of the project, Vieät Nam should have na­tional labour laws and le­gal in­stru­ments con­sis­tent with the 1998 ILO Dec­la­ra­tion. It should also have a bet­ter-func­tion­ing labour ad­min­is­tra­tion sys­tem for the new in­dus­trial re­la­tions frame­work, a more ef­fec­tive labour in­spec­torate to en­force and pro­mote com­pli­ance and en­hanced rep­re­sen­ta­tion of work­ers and em­ploy­ers.

The elim­i­na­tion of forced labour, child labour and dis­crim­i­na­tion at work makes up the other cor­ner­stones of the 1998 Dec­la­ra­tion – the cen­tral pil­lar upon which labour re­quire­ments of the new gen­er­a­tion of FTAs are built.

Ac­cord­ing to MoLISA vice Min­is­ter Doaõn Maäu Dieäp, the NIRF project “plays an im­por­tant role in ad­dress­ing the ex­ist­ing gaps in the in­dus­trial re­la­tions sys­tem, thus help­ing to build har­mo­nious in­dus­trial re­la­tions at grass­roots level in line with Party de­crees”.

He listed the gaps, in­clud­ing labour laws not yet in line with ILO stan­dards and lim­ited State man­age­ment ca­pac­ity in in­dus­trial re­la­tions such as law dis­sem­i­na­tion and labour in­spec­tion. He also pointed out that trade unions have not yet ef­fec­tively rep­re­sented work­ers or pro­tected their rights and ben­e­fits, while em­ploy­ers’ or­gan­i­sa­tions are fac­ing chal­lenges in mod­ernising ac­tiv­i­ties to bet­ter sup­port mem­bers.

In that con­text, he ex­pects the NIRF project to sup­port Vieät Nam in ad­vanc­ing its labour law re­form in line with in­ter­na­tional stan­dards and in con­sid­er­a­tion of the coun­try’s so­cio-eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment to reach its in­ter­na­tional in­te­gra­tion goal. — VNS

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