VN pre­pares for new work­force in In­dus­try 4.0

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HCM CITY — The fourth in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion is dra­mat­i­cally af­fect­ing labour mar­kets around the world, in­clud­ing in Vieät Nam, cre­at­ing new kinds of jobs for which there will be ex­pected short­ages.

Traàn Anh Tuaán, deputy head of HCM City’s Cen­tre for Fore­cast­ing Man­power Needs and Labour Mar­ket In­for­ma­tion, said that Vieät Nam was al­ready us­ing “smart” fac­to­ries, where ro­bot­ics, ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence, cloud com­put­ing and data an­a­lyt­ics were be­ing used to link pro­duc­tion and lo­gis­tics pro­cesses, and make man­u­fac­tur­ing more in­tel­li­gent, ef­fi­cient and sus­tain­able.

The IT in­dus­try, recog­nised as the strate­gic sec­tor in the 20192025 pe­riod, will need far more skilled work­ers than it has to­day.

Many new oc­cu­pa­tions re­lat­ing to cy­ber­se­cu­rity, in­for­ma­tion se­cu­rity, pro­gram­ming for mo­bile apps and 3D game de­sign, are now be­ing cre­ated.

At least 2,1 mil­lion jobs will be cre­ated in Vieät Nam, mostly in com­put­ing, maths and en­gi­neer­ing.

Other in­dus­tries such as elec­tric­ity, elec­tron­ics, me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing, and au­to­mo­tive en­gi­neer­ing will need a high num­ber of hu­man re­sources in the 20192025 pe­riod, Tuaán said, adding that 24,000 em­ploy­ees would be needed for the elec­tric­ity-IT in­dus­tries each year in the pe­riod, and 15,000 for me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing each year.

Gaku Echizenya, CEO of Nav­i­gos Group, said: “The labour mar­ket is ex­pe­ri­enc­ing un­prece­dented changes with the fourth in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion.”

This means busi­nesses have to im­prove by un­der­stand­ing the mar­ket and promptly re­spond to change and build ef­fec­tive re­cruit- ment strate­gies, Echizenya said.

The lat­est re­port on “Ca­reer Prospects & Skill Trends in Vieät Nam within the pe­riod be­tween 2018 and 2022” of Viet­namWorks, the on­line job­site un­der the Nav­i­gos Group, shows that 59 per cent of sur­veyed hu­man re­sources pro­fes­sion­als said robots and au­to­ma­tion would be the tech­no­log­i­cal fac­tors with the largest im­pact on the labour mar­ket in the next five years.

The re­port this year sur­veyed more than 200 hu­man re­sources pro­fes­sion­als who hold man­age­rial po­si­tions in top firms and cor­po­ra­tions in Vieät Nam.

More­over, the telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions boom in the “mo­bile in­ter­net, cloud tech­nol­ogy” as well as “pro­cess­ing power, big data” cat­e­gories is also fore­casted to cre­ate pro­found change.

Re­cruit­ment de­mands will change as a re­sult of shift­ing na­ture of work and labour struc­ture, ac­cord­ing to the re­port.

Ac­cord­ing to HR pro­fes­sion­als, the labour mar­ket will trans­form dra­mat­i­cally un­der the ef­fect of so­cio-eco­nomic fac­tors re­lated to the na­ture of jobs and the labour struc­ture.

Sixty-six per cent of HR pro­fes­sion­als agreed with the need for “change in na­tures of work, flex­i­ble work” to stim­u­late change, fol­lowed by “the de­vel­op­ment of elite labour” and “the de­vel­op­ment of a young de­mo­graphic”.

More no­tably, 40 per cent claimed “the need for pri­vacy” and “greater aware­ness of en­vi­ron­men­tal re­spon­si­bil­i­ties” would have sub­stan­tial im­pact on re­cruit­ment de­mands.

Up to one-fifth said the par­tic­i­pa­tion of women would un­doubt­edly change the labour mar­ket.

High tech and en­gi­neer­ing would be the most promis­ing job cat­e­gory in the near fu­ture, ac­cord­ing to the re­port.

Around 90 per cent of re­spon­dents were cer­tain that “high tech, en­gi­neer­ing” and “com­puter and tech­nol­ogy” would have in­creased de­mand in the near fu­ture.

An­other cat­e­gory with great growth in the next five years would be “arts, de­sign, en­ter­tain­ment, sports and me­dia”. On the other hand, cer­tain job cat­e­gories would ex­pe­ri­ence lower de­mand, such as “ad­min­is­tra­tive and cler­i­cal”.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­port, the changes in the labour mar­ket would cre­ate new jobs with dif­fer­ent com­pe­ten­cies.

Eighty-seven per cent of re­spon­dents ex­pect demon­strated “prob­lem sen­si­tiv­ity” from their can­di­dates, fol­lowed by “cre­ativ­ity and cog­ni­tive flex­i­bil­ity”. On the other hand, “man­ual dex­ter­ity and pre­ci­sion” is re­garded with lit­tle im­por­tance.

“Ac­tive learn­ing” is the most es­sen­tial ba­sic skill for em­ploy­ees, the re­port showed.

Com­mu­ni­ca­tion skills such as ver­bal com­mu­ni­ca­tion, and writ­ing and read­ing com­pre­hen­sion were not pri­ori­tised, the sur­vey showed. “Co-op­er­a­tion” would be the most im­por­tant cross-func­tional skill.

Sec­ond on the list is “peo­ple man­age­ment”, fol­lowed by “emo­tional in­tel­li­gence” and “judgement and de­ci­sion mak­ing”, ac­count­ing for over 60 per cent each.

Em­ploy­ers pri­ori­tised “de­vel­op­ing au­to­ma­tion” and “re­cruit­ing em­ploy­ees with skills suit­able for new tech­nol­ogy”.

Many also paid at­ten­tion to im­prov­ing the qual­ity of the cur­rent work­force. For those who se­lected they would im­ple­ment “train­ing for cur­rent em­ploy­ees”, 47 per cent said they would “train in­ter­nally” while only 20 per cent would “train through course providers”.

Echizenya said that for em­ploy­ees, an ac­tive learn­ing at­ti­tude, dig­i­tal skills and soft skills such as team­work and man­age­ment are com­pet­i­tive ad­van­tages in the dig­i­tal era.

At the same time, it is nec­es­sary for schools to ad­just their en­roll­ment plan and cur­ricu­lum to im­prove stu­dents’em­ploy­a­bil­ity.

“This in­cludes look­ing closely at fu­ture ca­reer prospects, skill trends and en­cour­ag­ing stu­dents to strengthen their knowl­edge and skills through hands-on ex­pe­ri­ence,” he said. — VNS

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