VN launches first na­tional dis­abil­ity sur­vey

Viet Nam News - - NA­TIONAL -

HAØ NOÄI — Over seven per cent of the pop­u­la­tion aged 2 years and older, or around 6.2 mil­lion peo­ple in Vieät Nam, have a dis­abil­ity, ac­cord­ing to the first Na­tional Sur­vey on Peo­ple with Dis­abil­i­ties which was launched in Haø Noäi yes­ter­day.

Con­ducted by the Gen­eral Statis­tics Of­fice (GSO) in 2016 and 2017 with UNICEF’s tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance, this sur­vey marked the first time that Vieät Nam has un­der­taken a large-scale sur­vey us­ing tools based on in­ter­na­tional stan­dards on dis­abil­ity mea­sure­ment.

“The pur­pose of the sur­vey was to as­sess the dis­abil­ity sta­tus of the pop­u­la­tion, and to eval­u­ate their so­cio-eco­nomic con­di­tions to in­form ev­i­dence-based plan­ning and poli­cies for im­prov­ing the lives of adults and chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties in Vieät Nam,” said GSO Deputy Di­rec­tor Vuõ Thanh Lieâm.

The sur­vey found that dis­abil­ity is both a cause and a con­se­quence of poverty. Find­ings from the sur­vey show that house­holds with dis­abled mem­bers tend to be poorer than the na­tional av­er­age, and chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties at­tend school less and adults with dis­abil­i­ties are more likely to be un­em­ployed.

While they are well cov­ered by health in­sur­ance, and poverty does not ap­pear to be a bar­rier to ac­cess­ing health clin­ics, few per­sons with dis­abil­i­ties (2.3 per cent) use re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion ser­vices when sick or in­jured. Gaps also ex­ist in liv­ing stan­dards and the so­cial par­tic­i­pa­tion of peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties.

The sur­vey high­lighted that the most com­mon type of impairment for chil­dren is psy­cho-so­cial re­lated. This is con­nected to the dif­fer­ent de­vel­op­ment stages of child­hood and ado­les­cence, and such im­pair­ments can act as a sig­nif­i­cant bar­rier to chil­dren’s so­cial in­clu­sion.

“More needs to be done to make early iden­ti­fi­ca­tion, in­ter­ven­tion and com­mu­nity-based re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion ser­vices widely avail­able and ac­ces­si­ble, and to im­prove the pro­vi­sion of so­cial ser­vices to chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties, so that they can reach their full po­ten­tial and fully par­tic­i­pate in their com­mu­ni­ties and in wider so­ci­ety,” said Les­ley Miller, act­ing UNICEF rep­re­sen­ta­tive.

The sur­vey also in­di­cated that chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties have less ac­cess to ed­u­ca­tion than their peers with­out dis­abil­i­ties. The gap is wider at higher lev­els of ed­u­ca­tion. Less than one-third of chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties go to up­per sec­ondary schools, com­pared to nearly two-thirds of chil­dren with­out dis­abil­i­ties.

Although there have been some pos­i­tive re­sults in main­stream­ing chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties with other chil­dren, only two per cent of pri­mary schools and lower sec­ondary schools have fa­cil­i­ties that meet the needs of chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties and only one in seven teach­ers re­ceived train­ing on dis­abil­i­ties.

There is a re­mark­able dif­fer­ence in vo­ca­tional train­ing, ac­cord­ing to the sur­vey. Out of every 100 peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties aged 15 years or older, only seven peo­ple are trained in vo­ca­tional sec­ondary schools (or 7.3 per cent) while this num­ber for non- dis­abled peo­ple is 22 (or 21.9 per cent).

The sur­vey also re­veals that peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties need to work for in­come and their in­de­pen­dent liveli­hood but less than one third have a job.

Re­gard­ing so­cial pro­tec­tion, the Gov­ern­ment has made great ef­forts to sup­port peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties and out of every 10 peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties, four peo­ple re­ceive a monthly al­lowance; one in every two re­ceives sup­port to pur­chase health in­sur­ance cards and one in three is ex­empted from med­i­cal ex­penses.

Les­ley Miller from UNICEF stressed that the na­tional sur­vey rep­re­sented a key el­e­ment of Vieät Nam’s com­mit­ment to the re­al­i­sa­tion of the rights of peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties.

“With sound data, pol­i­cy­mak­ers can as­sess the role that en­vi­ron­men­tal fac­tors, such as so­ci­etal at­ti­tudes and phys­i­cal bar­ri­ers, have on the ex­pe­ri­ence of peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties. Im­por­tantly, data helps in­form poli­cies and pro­grammes, fa­cil­i­tate the plan­ning and mon­i­tor­ing of so­cial ser­vices, and im­prove the par­tic­i­pa­tion and qual­ity of life of peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties and their fam­i­lies,” she said.

She noted that the Vieät Nam Sur­vey is one of the first na­tional dis­abil­ity sur­veys in the world to use in­ter­na­tional stan­dard tools, par­tic­u­larly the mod­ule for mea­sur­ing dis­abil­ity among chil­dren.

“The sur­vey is of great sig­nif­i­cance, par­tic­u­larly in the con­text of Vieät Nam’s im­ple­men­ta­tion of its na­tional sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment agenda, which puts a fo­cus on ‘ leav­ing no one be­hind’,” she said.

Craig Chittick, Aus­tralian Am­bas­sador to Vieät Nam said: “The re­sults of this sur­vey pro­vide a high- qual­ity base­line for mea­sur­ing progress in re­al­is­ing the rights of per­sons with dis­abil­i­ties and en­sur­ing bet­ter ac­cess to ser­vices and ed­u­ca­tion.”

The sur­vey is one of the first na­tional dis­abil­ity sur­veys in the world that in­cor­po­rates both the Wash­ing­ton Group ( WG) Ex­tended Set of dis­abil­ity ques­tions for adults and the UNICEF/ Wash­ing­ton Group Child Func­tion­ing Mod­ule ( CFM) for the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of per­sons with dis­abil­i­ties via a sur­vey.

It was car­ried out on 35,442 house­holds in 658 out of 713 dis­tricts of all prov­inces and cities of the coun­try. — VNS HONG KONG — Hong Kong search and res­cue team yes­ter­day found the body of a miss­ing crew­man in the fire of Viet­namese oil tanker Au­lac For­tune near the coast of Lan­tau is­land off Hong Kong (China).

The vic­tim is be­lieved to be Nguyeãn Vaên Coâng, 35, a na­tive from the Mekong Delta prov­ince of Beán Tre. The search for the re­main­ing vic­tim is still un­der­way.

The 17,500-tonne ves­sel caught fire about one nau­ti­cal mile to the south of Lamma is­land off Hong Kong when it was be­ing re­fu­elled by an oil barge.

There were 27 crew mem­bers on board, in­clud­ing 25 Viet­namese and two Hong Kong per­sons. The in­ci­dent left one dead and two oth­ers miss­ing.

Of­fi­cials from the Viet­namese Con­sulate Gen­eral in Hong Kong vis­ited the in­jured sailors in hospi­tal and of­fered ne­ces­si­ties to them.

Mean­while, Hong Kong au­thor­i­ties and the owner of the ves­sel also ar­ranged ac­com­mo­da­tion to crew­men fol­low­ing the in­ci­dent.

Or­gan­ised crime ring busted in HCM City

HCM CITY — Thir­teen mem­bers of an or­gan­ised crime group in HCM

City in­volved in il­le­gal gam­bling and high-in­ter­est lend­ing were ap­pre­hended on Tues­day, ac­cord­ing to po­lice an­nounce­ment re­leased on Thurs­day.

Po­lice said the group was based in District 9 and Thuû Ñöùc.

Its mem­bers were asked to re­cruit ‘play­ers’ from HCM City and sev­eral other lo­cal­i­ties in the coun­try to take part in on­line bet­ting on foot­ball matches, vir­tual cock­fight­ing and

– a form of out­lawed gam­bling based on the State lot­tery – on

and

Sev­eral ac­counts were found to have out­stand­ing debts of up to VNÑ100 bil­lion (US$4.3 mil­lion).

The De­part­ment of Crim­i­nal Po­lice un­der the Min­istry of Pub­lic Se­cu­rity con­firmed they had ar­rested ring­leader Laâm Thanh Vuõ (nick­named Vuõ ‘Rose’) and his as­so­ci­ates at Taân Sôn Nhaát Air­port in HCM City af­ter they flew back from Phuù Quoác Is­land in Kieân Giang Prov­ince, where they sup­pos­edly held par­ties and col­lected money.

At the same time, po­lice raided 14 lo­ca­tions in­clud­ing cafeùs and pri­vate res­i­dences. Mul­ti­ple com­put­ers, cell­phones, three cars, VNÑ800 mil­lion ($34,500) and doc­u­ments re­lated to the gam­bling op­er­a­tions were con­fis­cated.

Cen­tral prov­ince de­vel­ops mush­room value chain

QUAÛNG NAM — The cen­tral prov­ince of Quaûng Nam and the United States Agency for In­ter­na­tional De­vel­op­ment (US­AID) has launched a plan to de­velop the pop­u­lar fungi lingzhi to pro­mote sus­tain­able liveli­hoods among eth­nic groups and farm­ers liv­ing in eight ru­ral and moun­tain­ous dis­tricts from 2018-20.

The project, which is part of the US­AID-funded Green An­na­mites Project, will of­fer tech­ni­cal sup­port for nearly 500 farm­ers grow­ing saleable lingzhi and mush­room prod­ucts as well as es­tab­lish­ing 15 co-op­er­a­tives for mass de­vel­op­ment of the prof­itable mush­room species in eight ru­ral and moun­tain­ous dis­tricts.

It will help im­prove in­come from sus­tain­able farm­ing of the pre­cious mush­room species, while eas­ing log­ging. — VNS

Stu­dents learn em­broi­dery at Thöøa Thieân Hueá Prov­ince Vo­ca­tional School for Peo­ple with Dis­abil­i­ties. Only 7.3 per cent of dis­abled peo­ple aged 15 or older are of­fered vo­ca­tional train­ing cour­ses, the first Na­tional Sur­vey on Peo­ple with Dis­abil­i­ties re­vealed. — VNA/ VNS Photo Hoà Caàu

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