VN launches first national disability survey
HAØ NOÄI — Over seven per cent of the population aged 2 years and older, or around 6.2 million people in Vieät Nam, have a disability, according to the first National Survey on People with Disabilities which was launched in Haø Noäi yesterday.
Conducted by the General Statistics Office (GSO) in 2016 and 2017 with UNICEF’s technical assistance, this survey marked the first time that Vieät Nam has undertaken a large-scale survey using tools based on international standards on disability measurement.
“The purpose of the survey was to assess the disability status of the population, and to evaluate their socio-economic conditions to inform evidence-based planning and policies for improving the lives of adults and children with disabilities in Vieät Nam,” said GSO Deputy Director Vuõ Thanh Lieâm.
The survey found that disability is both a cause and a consequence of poverty. Findings from the survey show that households with disabled members tend to be poorer than the national average, and children with disabilities attend school less and adults with disabilities are more likely to be unemployed.
While they are well covered by health insurance, and poverty does not appear to be a barrier to accessing health clinics, few persons with disabilities (2.3 per cent) use rehabilitation services when sick or injured. Gaps also exist in living standards and the social participation of people with disabilities.
The survey highlighted that the most common type of impairment for children is psycho-social related. This is connected to the different development stages of childhood and adolescence, and such impairments can act as a significant barrier to children’s social inclusion.
“More needs to be done to make early identification, intervention and community-based rehabilitation services widely available and accessible, and to improve the provision of social services to children with disabilities, so that they can reach their full potential and fully participate in their communities and in wider society,” said Lesley Miller, acting UNICEF representative.
The survey also indicated that children with disabilities have less access to education than their peers without disabilities. The gap is wider at higher levels of education. Less than one-third of children with disabilities go to upper secondary schools, compared to nearly two-thirds of children without disabilities.
Although there have been some positive results in mainstreaming children with disabilities with other children, only two per cent of primary schools and lower secondary schools have facilities that meet the needs of children with disabilities and only one in seven teachers received training on disabilities.
There is a remarkable difference in vocational training, according to the survey. Out of every 100 people with disabilities aged 15 years or older, only seven people are trained in vocational secondary schools (or 7.3 per cent) while this number for non- disabled people is 22 (or 21.9 per cent).
The survey also reveals that people with disabilities need to work for income and their independent livelihood but less than one third have a job.
Regarding social protection, the Government has made great efforts to support people with disabilities and out of every 10 people with disabilities, four people receive a monthly allowance; one in every two receives support to purchase health insurance cards and one in three is exempted from medical expenses.
Lesley Miller from UNICEF stressed that the national survey represented a key element of Vieät Nam’s commitment to the realisation of the rights of people with disabilities.
“With sound data, policymakers can assess the role that environmental factors, such as societal attitudes and physical barriers, have on the experience of people with disabilities. Importantly, data helps inform policies and programmes, facilitate the planning and monitoring of social services, and improve the participation and quality of life of people with disabilities and their families,” she said.
She noted that the Vieät Nam Survey is one of the first national disability surveys in the world to use international standard tools, particularly the module for measuring disability among children.
“The survey is of great significance, particularly in the context of Vieät Nam’s implementation of its national sustainable development agenda, which puts a focus on ‘ leaving no one behind’,” she said.
Craig Chittick, Australian Ambassador to Vieät Nam said: “The results of this survey provide a high- quality baseline for measuring progress in realising the rights of persons with disabilities and ensuring better access to services and education.”
The survey is one of the first national disability surveys in the world that incorporates both the Washington Group ( WG) Extended Set of disability questions for adults and the UNICEF/ Washington Group Child Functioning Module ( CFM) for the identification of persons with disabilities via a survey.
It was carried out on 35,442 households in 658 out of 713 districts of all provinces and cities of the country. — VNS HONG KONG — Hong Kong search and rescue team yesterday found the body of a missing crewman in the fire of Vietnamese oil tanker Aulac Fortune near the coast of Lantau island off Hong Kong (China).
The victim is believed to be Nguyeãn Vaên Coâng, 35, a native from the Mekong Delta province of Beán Tre. The search for the remaining victim is still underway.
The 17,500-tonne vessel caught fire about one nautical mile to the south of Lamma island off Hong Kong when it was being refuelled by an oil barge.
There were 27 crew members on board, including 25 Vietnamese and two Hong Kong persons. The incident left one dead and two others missing.
Officials from the Vietnamese Consulate General in Hong Kong visited the injured sailors in hospital and offered necessities to them.
Meanwhile, Hong Kong authorities and the owner of the vessel also arranged accommodation to crewmen following the incident.
Organised crime ring busted in HCM City
HCM CITY — Thirteen members of an organised crime group in HCM
City involved in illegal gambling and high-interest lending were apprehended on Tuesday, according to police announcement released on Thursday.
Police said the group was based in District 9 and Thuû Ñöùc.
Its members were asked to recruit ‘players’ from HCM City and several other localities in the country to take part in online betting on football matches, virtual cockfighting and
– a form of outlawed gambling based on the State lottery – on
Several accounts were found to have outstanding debts of up to VNÑ100 billion (US$4.3 million).
The Department of Criminal Police under the Ministry of Public Security confirmed they had arrested ringleader Laâm Thanh Vuõ (nicknamed Vuõ ‘Rose’) and his associates at Taân Sôn Nhaát Airport in HCM City after they flew back from Phuù Quoác Island in Kieân Giang Province, where they supposedly held parties and collected money.
At the same time, police raided 14 locations including cafeùs and private residences. Multiple computers, cellphones, three cars, VNÑ800 million ($34,500) and documents related to the gambling operations were confiscated.
Central province develops mushroom value chain
QUAÛNG NAM — The central province of Quaûng Nam and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has launched a plan to develop the popular fungi lingzhi to promote sustainable livelihoods among ethnic groups and farmers living in eight rural and mountainous districts from 2018-20.
The project, which is part of the USAID-funded Green Annamites Project, will offer technical support for nearly 500 farmers growing saleable lingzhi and mushroom products as well as establishing 15 co-operatives for mass development of the profitable mushroom species in eight rural and mountainous districts.
It will help improve income from sustainable farming of the precious mushroom species, while easing logging. — VNS
Students learn embroidery at Thöøa Thieân Hueá Province Vocational School for People with Disabilities. Only 7.3 per cent of disabled people aged 15 or older are offered vocational training courses, the first National Survey on People with Disabilities revealed. — VNA/ VNS Photo Hoà Caàu