Vieät Nam's vovinam takes on the world
Traditional martial arts have been developing for centuries in Vieät Nam, with hundreds of styles nationwide, including Nam Hoàng Sôn, Taây Sôn Bình Ñònh and Vovinam. Vietnamese styles have been become popular around the world thanks to their typical characters and practicality.
"Vietnamese martial art has developed because of its diversity, beauty and practicality. It is favoured not only because of the performances but also its origin and unique techniques. In comparison to other martial arts such as karate of Japan and taekwondo of South Korea, the Vietnamese styles use principles to help the soft to beat the hard, the short beat the long and the weak beat the strong," said master Thanh Phong of Thanh Phong Club in Haø Noäi.
"All moves are designed to enhance comfort during practice and performance. It is much better when you practise in harmony with nature. This helps strengthen your skills and moves," Phong said.
Vovinam is the most popular style of martial art in Vieät Nam, as well as around the world. On its 80th anniversary in late December, the Vieät Nam Vovinam Federation confirmed there were more than 2.5 million practising the martial art in 70 countries and territories. The strong growth of the artform can be seen through the establishment of the world federation, as well as continental federations in Asia, Europe and Africa.
Master Nguyeãn Loäc founded the martial art in 1936 and introduced it to the public two years later.
Loäc highlighted his socalled ' revolution of mind' to trainers, who are asked to always renew themselves and help others.
Vovinam involves the use of different body parts such as hands, elbows, legs and knees. Trainers also learn to use weapons, including swords, knives and fans. They also practise attacking and defensive skills.
Vovinam began to spread in 1970 and has developed in many countries with hundreds of schools in Poland, Belgium, Russia, France, and ASEAN members.
The first world championship was organised in 2009, marking a turning point in its history.
"I found that martial arts which are Olympic sports are easy to understand and prastice. They also have beautiful moves. This is why they are popular all over the world. Vovinam needs to be improved following these trends so that it could be known widely, and in the near future it could be one of the official sports at official competitions," said Mai Höõu Tín, president of the Vieät Nam Vovinam Federation.
Nam Hoàng Sôn is a martial art that has existed for nearly 100 years and is practised mostly in northern Vieät Nam. It has become hugely popular in Haø Noäi with thousands of trainers.
The martial art was developed as a combination between Vietnamese and Chinese styles by master Nguyeãn Nguyeân Toä in 1920.
In their first three years, practitioners learn Chinese styles. They later introduce Vietnamese techniques, as well as improving their strength and inner force. The martial art is home to many famous masters, including Muøi Ñen, Caû Nhaâm and Ba Ñen, who travelled around the country to compete.
After nearly a century, the martial art has changed to make it more dynamic and effective but many original performances are still in existence.
According to master Buøi Ñaêng Vaên, Nam Hoàng Sôn's beautiful moves and special techniques attracted attention in Poland, the Czech Republic and Germany.
The martial art has also made its mark on the national film industry. Vaên and some other masters have been chosen as martial art directors in a number of movies. He is one of the first masters to open centres which choreograph stunts and train actors since 1993.
Masters of Nam Hoàng Sôn also collaborated to develop other foreign martial arts such as pencak silat and wushu in Vieät Nam. Vieät Nam has seen some success in these martial arts at international competitions.
On the subject of traditional martial arts, Bình Ñònh Province in the central region cannot be ignored.
Martial arts are diversified with many skills and a complicated range of moves, using the yin and yang theory as a guiding principle. Based on the purpose of fighting in war it is effective and suitable for Vietnamese people who are generally small in stature.
Like other martial arts, Taây Sôn Bình Ñònh is practised with and without weapons. It involves the use of the hands and legs. Apart from cudgels, spears and swords, Bình Ñònh masters could also use scarves, short staffs and poisonous weapons.
Inner force and strength are also important in this artform.
The best masters could lie on broken glass while being run over by a truck, or let sharp spears stab their throats.
Today, visitors to martial arts villages or schools in Bình Ñònh have the chance to learn about the history and development of particular styles as well as watch typical performances or even take part in training with masters.
Master Laabi Hatim from Morocco has practised Vietnamese martial arts since 1980. He said he was initially attracted because it showed the rich culture of Vieät Nam but was also a really effective form of combat.
Hatim is just one of many foreigners who train in Vietnamese martial arts. He flies to Vieät Nam and visits Bình Ñònh to learn more every year.
In a congress of the Vieät Nam Traditional Martial Arts Federation last June, delegates spoke about solutions to maintain and develop Vietnamese styles in the coming years.
Federation President Hoaøng Vónh Giang set a target that martial arts would spread to 100 countries by 2030. They would promote the artforms in local schools, colleges and universities. It was also suggested that police officers and soldiers be trained in some of the Vietnamese martial arts. VNS