UN, AU ask South Su­dan's war­ring sides to de­liver on peace deal

Daily Nation Newspaper - - NEWS OF THE WORLD - – AFP.

JABA - The United Na­tions and African Union on Tues­day called on South Su­dan's war­ring par­ties to take con­crete steps to im­ple­ment the lat­est peace deal signed last month. Civil war in the world's youngest coun­try erupted in De­cem­ber 2013 and up­rooted 4.2 mil­lion peo­ple - roughly a third of the pop­u­la­tion. "We are look­ing for­ward to fur­ther im­prove­ment in the se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion and other pos­i­tive sig­nals that can gen­er­ate con­fi­dence and mo­bil­i­sa­tion from the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity," Jean Pierre Lacroix, the UN Un­der Sec­re­tary for Peace­keep­ing Op­er­a­tions, told re­porters, wind­ing up a three­day visit. Lacroix vis­ited the coun­try with the African Union Com­mis­sioner for Peace, Smail Cher­gui. He went to UN-run camps for the dis­placed in Ben­tiu host­ing 114, 000 peo­ple. South Su­dan's war­ring sides signed a per­ma­nent peace agree­ment on Septem­ber 12. A US-funded sur­vey re­leased re­cently es­ti­mated that nearly 400, 000 peo­ple have been killed in the con­flict. "The part­ners of South Su­dan are keen to see a few things ma­te­ri­alise par­tic­u­larly the full ces­sa­tion of hos­til­i­ties. Par­ties them­selves (need to) take the lead in ad­vanc­ing the peace process," Lacroix said. The African Union's Cher­gui is­sued a vague warn­ing. "Let's just take note to­day that ev­ery­body wants to im­ple­ment that agree­ment faith­fully and we will hold ac­count­able any­one go­ing the other road," he said. South Su­dan broke away from Su­dan in 2011 af­ter a long and bloody in­de­pen­dence strug­gle. But just two years later, war broke out, trig­ger­ing a se­vere hu­man­i­tar­ian cri­sis. A strug­gle for power be­tween Pres­i­dent Salva Kiir, a mem­ber of the Dinka tribe, and rebel leader and former vice pres­i­dent Riek Machar, a Nuer, meant the con­flict quickly took on an eth­nic char­ac­ter with civil­ians sub­jected to mas­sacres and widespread rape by forces on both sides. Un­der the new peace deal, Kiir re­mains pres­i­dent while Machar wins back his old post of deputy.

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