El­e­ments of in­te­rior de­sign

Sunday News (Zimbabwe) - - Front Page -

MOST peo­ple con­fuse in­te­rior de­sign with in­te­rior dec­o­ra­tions. In­te­rior de­sign refers to de­sign­ing the en­tire space from scratch while in­te­rior dec­o­ra­tion dwells on dec­o­rat­ing an ex­ist­ing space such as adding fur­ni­ture.

In­te­rior de­sign is bound by its own el­e­ments and prin­ci­ples which ought to be fol­lowed in or­der to cre­ate a beau­ti­ful home.

In this week’s col­umn I will high­light other el­e­ments of in­te­rior de­sign such as space, form (shape), light and colour.

Colour el­e­ment es­tab­lishes an aes­thetic link be­tween the ob­ject and the mood. For ex­am­ple the nat­u­ral shades of­fer bal­ance and much needed tex­ture while the colours such as cop­per or brass light fix­tures of­fers the ap­pro­pri­ate task light­ing and also be­com­ing the fo­cal point in the space bind­ing the var­i­ous el­e­ments to­gether, cre­at­ing an equilib­rium to your space. Colours must be se­lected ac­cord­ing to what homeowners like. For ex­am­ple, red is an ex­cel­lent choice for the din­ing room as it en­cour­ages ap­petite and green for bed­room as it is the colour of tran­quil­lity.

Space is one of the most es­sen­tial el­e­ments of in­te­rior de­sign. It acts as a foun­da­tion on which the en­tire in­te­rior de­sign plan is built. Hence, it is im­por­tant that peo­ple are well aware of the space avail­able, its di­men­sions and its util­i­ties.

Open space el­e­ment can be achieved by hav­ing a high ceil­ing ex­pos­ing the avail­able space as well as the de­sign used. By so do­ing you will be cre­at­ing space re­gard­less of how small your room is. For ex­am­ple if you de­cide to have an in­dus­trial de­sign your wall should be painted with bright colours in or­der to bring light.

The black el­e­ments through­out cre­ate con­trast and vis­ual in­ter­est. Pos­i­tive space is cre­ated through the use of fur­ni­ture, decor and ar­chi­tec­tural el­e­ments such as cabinetry, while neg­a­tive space is the un­used space through­out.

Closed space el­e­ment is made up of dark walls. The fur­ni­ture would be con­sid­ered as the neg­a­tive space and in con­trast, the neu­tral ac­cent decor, trim and win­dows cre­ate bal­ance of pos­i­tive space. Al­ways make sure that there is bal­ance be­tween fur­ni­ture and the place­ment of dif­fer­ent items.

In light el­e­ment the fo­cus is on a unique type or light that you may use, be it nat­u­ral or man-made. With­out light other el­e­ments are ir­rel­e­vant. It sets the mood and am­bi­ence into your space. If you want nat­u­ral light, first con­sider where you place your win­dows as well as your doors. While man­made light can be used as task lights (light sources for other house­hold items such as ta­ble), ac­cent light (these are meant to high­light par­tic­u­lar pieces such as art­work) and am­bi­ent light (it sets the mood).

Shape or form can be cre­ated by com­bin­ing two or more shapes and can be ac­cen­tu­ated with the as­sis­tance of other el­e­ments such as tex­ture or colour. It em­pha­sises mostly on the fit­ted el­e­ments that were avail­able be­fore added fur­ni­ture. This means that what­ever fur­ni­ture you bring should com­ple­ment the built-in items. When cor­rectly done it can es­tab­lish har­mony and bal­ance to your space.

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