Could you be di­a­betic…?

DI­A­BETES mel­li­tus refers to a group of dis­eases that af­fect how your body uses blood glu­cose, com­monly called blood su­gar.

The Manica Post - - Health - Dr Zuze

GLU­COSE is vi­tal to your health be­cause it is an im­por­tant source of en­ergy for the cells that make up your mus­cles and tis­sues. It is also your brain’s main source of fuel. If you have di­a­betes, no mat­ter what type, it means you have too much su­gar in your blood, although the rea­sons may dif­fer. Too much su­gar can lead to se­ri­ous health prob­lems.

Chronic di­a­betes con­di­tions in­clude type 1 di­a­betes and type 2 di­a­betes. Po­ten­tially re­versible di­a­betes con­di­tions in­clude pre­di­a­betes — when your blood su­gar lev­els are higher than nor­mal, but not high enough to be clas­si­fied as di­a­betes — and ges­ta­tional di­a­betes, which oc­curs dur­ing preg­nancy, but may re­solve af­ter the baby is de­liv­ered.

Early symp­toms of di­a­betes, es­pe­cially type 2 di­a­betes, can be sub­tle or seem­ingly harm­less.

You might not even have symp­toms at all. Over time, how­ever, you may de­velop di­a­betes com­pli­ca­tions, even if you haven’t had di­a­betes symp­toms. Un­der­stand­ing pos­si­ble di­a­betes symp­toms can lead to early di­ag­no­sis and treat­ment — and a life­time of bet­ter health.

If you are ex­pe­ri­enc­ing any of the fol­low­ing di­a­betes signs and symp­toms, see your doc­tor.

Ex­ces­sive thirst and in­creased uri­na­tion Ex­ces­sive thirst and in­creased uri­na­tion are clas­sic di­a­betes symp­toms.

When you have di­a­betes, ex­cess su­gar (glu­cose) builds up in your blood.

Your kid­neys are forced to work over­time to fil­ter and ab­sorb the ex­cess su­gar. If your kid­neys can­not keep up, the ex­cess su­gar is ex­creted into your urine along with flu­ids drawn from your tis­sues.

This trig­gers more fre­quent uri­na­tion, which may leave you de­hy­drated. As you drink more flu­ids to quench your thirst, you’ll uri­nate even more


You may feel per­sis­tently tired. Many fac­tors can con­trib­ute to this. They in­clude de­hy­dra­tion from in­creased uri­na­tion and your body’s in­abil­ity to func­tion prop­erly, since it is less able to use su­gar for en­ergy needs.

Weight loss

Weight fluc­tu­a­tions also fall un­der the um­brella of pos­si­ble di­a­betes signs and symp­toms.

When you lose su­gar through fre­quent uri­na­tion, you also lose calo­ries. At the same time, di­a­betes may keep the su­gar from your food from reach­ing your cells — lead­ing to con­stant hunger. The com­bined ef­fect is po­ten­tially rapid weight loss, es­pe­cially if you have type 1 di­a­betes.

Blurred vi­sion Di­a­betes symp­toms some­times in­volve your vi­sion. High lev­els of blood su­gar pull fluid from your tis­sues, in­clud­ing the lenses of your eyes. This af­fects your abil­ity to fo­cus.

Left un­treated, di­a­betes can cause new blood ves­sels to form in your retina — the back part of your eye — and dam­age es­tab­lished ves­sels. For most peo­ple, these early changes do not cause vi­sion prob­lems. How­ever, if these changes progress un­de­tected, they can lead to vi­sion loss and blind­ness.

Slow-heal­ing sores or fre­quent in­fec­tions Doc­tors and peo­ple with di­a­betes have ob­served that in­fec­tions seem more com­mon if you have di­a­betes. It may be that high lev­els of blood su­gar im­pair your body’s nat­u­ral heal­ing process and your abil­ity to fight in­fec­tions. For women, blad­der and vagi­nal in­fec­tions are es­pe­cially com­mon. Tin­gling hands and feet Ex­cess su­gar in your blood can lead to nerve dam­age. You may no­tice tin­gling and loss of sen­sa­tion in your hands and feet, as well as burn­ing pain in your arms, hands, legs and feet. Red, swollen, ten­der gums Di­a­betes may weaken your abil­ity to fight germs, which in­creases the risk of in­fec­tion in your gums and in the bones that hold your teeth in place. Your gums may pull away from your teeth, your teeth may be­come loose, or you may de­velop sores or pock­ets of pus in your gums — es­pe­cially if you have a gum in­fec­tion be­fore di­a­betes de­vel­ops.

The ear­lier di­a­betes is di­ag­nosed, the sooner treat­ment can be­gin. Di­a­betes is a se­ri­ous con­di­tion.

But with your ac­tive par­tic­i­pa­tion and the sup­port of your health care team, you can man­age di­a­betes while en­joy­ing an ac­tive, healthy life. So when you get a chance, go and get your blood su­gar checked.

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