The dis­cov­ery

Diabetic Living - - RESEARCH -

GROUP 1: SAID

(se­vere au­toim­mune di­a­betes)

Broadly the same as the tra­di­tional type 1 di­a­betes and LADA (la­tent au­toim­mune di­a­betes in adults). Typ­i­cally char­ac­terised by the on­set of di­a­betes at a young age, in ad­di­tion to poor meta­bolic con­trol, the pres­ence of glu­tamic acid de­car­boxy­lase (GAD) an­ti­bod­ies and im­paired in­sulin pro­duc­tion. This group is also at high risk of com­pli­ca­tions.

GROUP 2: SIDD

(se­vere in­sulin-de­fi­cient di­a­betes)

Sim­i­lar to Group 1 – how­ever, there is no ev­i­dence of an­ti­bod­ies at­tack­ing the in­di­vid­ual’s pan­creas – SIDD is char­ac­terised by high HbA1c, im­paired in­sulin se­cre­tion and a mod­er­ate level of in­sulin re­sis­tance. This group is also at high risk of com­pli­ca­tions, with the high­est in­ci­dence of retinopa­thy (eye prob­lems).

GROUP 3: SIRD

(se­vere in­sulin-re­sis­tant di­a­betes)

Peo­ple who fall into SIRD are un­able to make enough of, or their body does not re­spond well to, in­sulin. Char­ac­terised by obe­sity and se­vere in­sulin re­sis­tance, this group has the high­est in­ci­dence of kid­ney dis­ease.

GROUP 4: MOD

(mild obe­sity-re­lated di­a­betes)

This group mainly con­sists of peo­ple who were very over­weight or obese. MOD is sim­i­lar to Group 3, ex­cept less likely to ex­pe­ri­ence se­ri­ous com­pli­ca­tions.

GROUP 5: MARD

(mild age-re­lated di­a­betes)

Pri­mar­ily con­sists of peo­ple who de­vel­oped di­a­betes af­ter the age of 65, and have a milder form of dis­ease with a lower risk of de­vel­op­ing some com­pli­ca­tions.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.