Use S mode for sim­plic­ity or M mode for more con­trol. Both give you di­rect con­trol over the length of the ex­po­sure

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S Mode

In S, or shut­ter-pri­or­ity mode, you se­lect the shut­ter speed and then the cam­era se­lects the lens aper­ture that will give the cor­rect ex­po­sure. This isn’t al­ways pos­si­ble – the light may be too dark for the shut­ter speed you want, even at the lens’s widest aper­ture, or too bright even for the small­est aper­ture. Watch out for ‘Lo’ or ‘Hi’ warn­ings in the viewfinder. If you ig­nore them, the ex­po­sure will be wrong, but you can in­crease the ISO or use an ND fil­ter to com­pen­sate in these sit­u­a­tions.

M Mode

In M, or Man­ual mode, it’s up to you to get the ex­po­sure right – you choose both the shut­ter speed and the lens aper­ture, us­ing the ex­po­sure in­di­ca­tor in the viewfinder to check the ex­po­sure. Man­ual mode is use­ful when work­ing with ND fil­ters be­cause these are of­ten too dense to see through once they’re fit­ted, so you need check the fram­ing and ex­po­sure be­fore you add the fil­ter, and then ap­ply an ex­po­sure ad­just­ment man­u­ally ac­cord­ing to the strength of the fil­ter.

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