1880: Australian bushranger Ned Kelly, 25, is hanged in Melbourne for the murder of Constable Thomas Lonigan. 1918: WWI finally ends. 1941: The War Memorial opens in Canberra.
1965: Ian Smith declares Rhodesian independence, and Britain says regime is illegal.
1994: A 72-page manuscript of Leonardo da Vinci’s scientific diagrams and notes is sold at an auction in New York for a record $US30.8 million ($A33.32 million).
1999: British hereditary lords end 700 years in parliament when they pass legislation stripping away their right to sit in the House of Lords.
2001: The World Trade Organisation approves Taiwan’s entry, a day after welcoming China into the global trade club.
BIRTHDAYS: George Patton, US general (1885-1945); Demi Moore (pictured), US actress (1962-); Leonardo DiCaprio, US actor (1974-).