NEW ORLEANS, USA: A MARDI GRAS STATE OF MIND
NEW ORLEANS HAS BEEN PARTYING NON-STOP SINCE 1718, WITH THE CITY’S TRICENTENNIAL CELEBRATIONS SURE TO TAKE NOLA TO NEW HEIGHTS!
New Orleans has been partying non-stop since 1718, with the city’s Tricentennial celebrations sure to take NOLA to new heights.
New Orleans defies definition, preferring instead to celebrate its eccentricities and let the good times roll. Here is a place where the sun rises over the West Bank (to the east of the city), where there is no canal on Canal Street, and where French bread is baked by Germans. With its wrought-iron balconies draped with beads and baubles, musicians playing on just about every street corner, and partygoers carrying plastic cups of alcohol through the sultry nights, it feels more like the northernmost outpost of the Caribbean than a Southern city in the United States.
Sure, New Orleans is full of confusion and contradictions. But its ever-present musical soundtrack, filled with soulful overtones and infectious rhythms, speaks both of spiritual endurance and celebration. Here is a place to enjoy the moment as you embrace the sacred in the everyday.
A multicultural melting pot
The city, which was founded by the French in 1718 as Nouvelle-Orléans, was taken over by the Spanish nearly 50 years later and only became English speaking after the US Civil War in 1865. The city’s rich African history comes from Senegalese slaves and the free people of colour who fled what is now
Haiti after its revolution.
French-speaking Creole culture… blending black and white, Europe and Africa…was sophisticated and educated. The Cajuns, by comparison, moved into the nearby bayou all the way from Arcadia in Nova Scotia when they were kicked out by the English. Over the centuries, new waves of immigrants came from Ireland, Italy, Germany and Vietnam, each adding their own rich cultural traditions to give New Orleans its multi-layered texture today.
An ever-present soundtrack
Here in the Big Easy, people live to play music as evocatively and flamboyantly as possible…on stage and inside churches, in bars and on street corners, in parades and, most joyously of all, at funerals.
This is where jazz was born and spread north up the Mississippi River to Chicago and New York. This is where Louis Armstrong got his groove, where rhythm and blues evolved from the slave songs of the cotton fields, where zydeco accordion tunes emerged from a mishmash of Cajun and Creole culture, where hip hop and bounce have their roots.
Get oriented in the French Quarter at Preservation Hall, where the sole purpose is to preserve, perpetuate, and protect traditional New Orleans Jazz, then head directly to Frenchmen Street in Faubourg Marigny, which is the throbbing aorta of New Orleans’ music clubs. The cypress-pine live music room of d.b.a. (with its excellent selection of craft brews and single malt Scotch) is the place to hear local legend John Boutte play. Listen to Ellis Louis Marsalis, scion of the famous Marsalis jazz family, at the city’s premier jazz club Snug Harbor. Check out the blue-and-gold Blue Nile, in the oldest building on Frenchmen Street, and the Spotted Cat Music Club, a popular jazz and blues hangout among many more.
But don’t limit yourself to Downtown. Other must-visit spots include The Howlin’ Wolf and New Orleans rock and funk joint Tipitina’s in the Warehouse District, Maple Leaf Bar in the Carrollton neighbourhood, and Chickie Wah Wah on Canal Street, not to mention Thursday zydeco night at Rock ‘n’ Bowl.
For something more laidback, head to Bacchanal Wine in the bohemian Bywater Historic District. This wine store turned casual restaurant offers a unique venue for the next generation of jazz greats to perform seven days a week.
And don’t forget the second-line tradition with brass band parades run by local neighbourhood clubs on many Sundays. You can follow the parades with a whole crew of locals who dance exuberantly, often twirling parasols or handkerchiefs in the air. It is the quintessential New Orleans art form.
Typical NOLA for the first timer
For the first-time visitor, exploring the French Quarter is a must. Avoid touristy Bourbon Street, where college students make fools of themselves on cheap booze, and explore the quieter areas of the French Quarter, such as Charles and Royal Streets, to admire Creole townhouses with their cast-iron balconies. Pop into St Louis Cathedral and listen to buskers around Jackson Square before checking out nearby Pirate’s Alley, former hangout of French pirate and privateer Jean Lafitte and also home to Faulkner House Books.
New Orleans does cemeteries a little differently than the rest of the country. Since much of the city is below sea level, coffins are interred in above-ground mausoleums. Take a guided tour of St Louis Cemetery No. 1, the most famous of many Cities of the Dead, where the Queen of Voodoo, Marie Laveau, has pride of place. You can also take a streetcar up to the Garden District and explore Lafayette Cemetery
No. 1 without a guide.
The National WWII Museum is excellent, focusing on the US contribution to Allied Victory in World War 2. It houses a fascinating collection of artefacts from the Battle of Normandy and the European and Pacific theatres of war. There are numerous war planes and a Landing Craft Vehicle and Personnel (LCVP) landing craft – better known as a Higgins boat – designed and built in Louisiana, as well as weapons, uniforms, and a 4D theatre experience narrated by Tom Hanks.
NOLA is just as much about food as it is music. Don’t know what distinguishes Cajun from Creole food? Want to learn the difference between gumbo and jambalaya, find out the origins
of beignets and po boys and how to make them? Sign up for a cooking demonstration and take-home recipes at the New Orleans School of Cooking.
And, when your feet get too sore from walking on cobblestones, and the humidity is wearing you out, enjoy a Mississippi steamboat cruise on the historic Natchez steamboat. Listen to live jazz and enjoy a cooling breeze with a mint julep or two on board as the Natchez chugs along the mighty Mississippi. •
Below: The National WWII Museum.
Opening image: Mardi Gras Indian dancers.
Left: Colourful doorways abound in NOLA.