June 15 - Na­tional Sal­va­tion Day of Azer­bai­jani peo­ple

Azer News - - Nation - By Amina Nazarli

June 15 is one of the most re­mark­able days in the his­tory of Azer­bai­jan’s state­hood. The day cel­e­brates the Na­tional Sal­va­tion Day -- the be­gin­ning of a new and in­valu­able stage in the his­tory of in­de­pen­dent Azer­bai­jan.

For Azer­bai­ja­nis, this is one of the coun­try’s most mem­o­rable days, mark­ing the his­tor­i­cal re­turn of the na­tional leader Hey­dar Aliyev from the Nakhchivan Au­tonomous Repub­lic to cap­i­tal Baku in 1993.

Hav­ing re­stored its in­de­pen­dence two years ear­lier - in 1991, Azer­bai­jan faced a fright­en­ingly real prospect of los­ing its own state­hood in sum­mer 1993. The Ar­me­nian ag­gres­sion against Azer­bai­jan, that be­gan in 1988, grew into a more ag­gres­sive at­ti­tude by Fe­bru­ary 1992 -geno­cide of Azer­bai­ja­nis in Kho­jaly, oc­cu­pa­tion of Shusha, cap­ture of Lachin and soon af­ter Kal­ba­jar by Ar­me­nia.

Chaos was spread­ing in all spheres of so­cial life, and the sit­u­a­tion was hard for the armed forces.

In such trou­bled times, the coun­try was in need of a strong-willed leader who could solve the ex­ist­ing cri­sis and pre­vent po­ten­tial crises in the fu­ture. And this per­son was the promi­nent po­lit­i­cal leader Hey­dar Aliyev. Peo­ple in­vite Hey­dar Aliyev to Baku

In June 1993, when the peo­ple of Azer­bai­jan be­lieved that the na­tional state­hood was on the edge of fall, and when there be­gan the hard­est days, it in­sis­tently de­manded change of the ex­ist­ing power, and since that time re­lied its des­tiny on Hey­dar Aliyev.

Des­per­ate and help­less, the peo­ple of Azer­bai­jan in­vited their na­tional leader from the Nakhchivan Au­tonomous Repub­lic to Baku on June 15, 1993 and elected him Chair­man of the Azer­bai­jani Supreme Soviet.

In 1993, peo­ple in the gov­ern­ment of Azer­bai­jan made a de­ci­sion to in­vite Hey­dar Aliyev to power. At the time be­tween 1991 and 1993, he held the post of Chair­man of the Supreme Assem­bly of the Au­tonomous Repub­lic of Nakhchy­van, Deputy Chair­man of the Supreme Soviet of the Repub­lic of Azer­bai­jan.

Hey­dar Aliyev, who could not stand in­dif­fer­ent to­wards mis­for­tune of his na­tion, ac­cepted the in­vi­ta­tion and re­turned to big pol­i­tics in Azer­bai­jan. The na­tional leader in a very short time led Azer­bai­jan to the path of de­vel­op­ment and pros­per­ity. He con­firmed with each step his words said on Oc­to­ber 10, 1993 at an in­au­gu­ra­tion cer­e­mony.

“The Azer­bai­jani peo­ple is go­ing through the most dif­fi­cult, tragic pe­riod of its his­tory. I am deeply aware of the de­gree of re­spon­si­bil­ity that is en­trusted to me in this dif­fi­cult time, and I want to as­sure you that I will try to jus­tify all my ac­tiv­ity, my en­tire life, the high­est trust and the hopes of the peo­ple,” he said.

The peo­ple met Hey­dar Aliyev's re­turn with hope and joy, and this day en­tered the his­tory of in­de­pen­dent Azer­bai­jan as the Day of Na­tional Sal­va­tion. Since July 24, 1993, Hey­dar Aliyev be­gan to ex­er­cise the pow­ers of the Pres­i­dent of Azer­bai­jan. Though the na­tion­wide vot­ing on Oc­to­ber 3, 1993, Hey­dar Aliyev was elected as the Pres­i­dent of Azer­bai­jan. Build­ing a mod­ern and strong state

With the re­turn of Hey­dar Aliyev to the lead­er­ship of Azer­bai­jan in 1993, a turn­ing point oc­curred in the so­cio-po­lit­i­cal, so­cial, eco­nomic, sci­en­tific and cul­tural life of the coun­try, as well as in in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions, the process of build­ing an in­de­pen­dent state be­gan in ac­cor­dance with sci­en­tific prin­ci­ples and in­ter­na­tional norms.

Hav­ing gone through many or­deals, Azer­bai­jan is to­day a flour­ish­ing coun­try in­volved in many ma­jor global projects and with an in­de­pen­dent for­eign and in­te­rior pol­icy.

All these be­came pos­si­ble be­cause in a par­tic­u­larly dif­fi­cult pe­riod, Azer­bai­jan's re­spected son, Hey­dar Aliyev came to help it re­store or­der and jus­tice and take steps in the path of pros­per­ity.

In such trou­bled times, the coun­try was in need of a strong-willed leader who could solve the ex­ist­ing cri­sis and pre­vent po­ten­tial crises in the fu­ture. Hey­dar Aliyev was the very promi­nent po­lit­i­cal leader to un­der­take this his­tor­i­cal re­spon­si­bil­ity.

Hey­dar Aliyev took ur­gent mea­sures to form the Na­tional Army, to cre­ate reg­u­lar Armed Forces ca­pa­ble of guard­ing the na­tional in­ter­ests of Azer­bai­jan, to pro­tect the na­tional lands. Thanks to his ef­forts all diplo­matic and po­lit­i­cal means, it was pos­si­ble to achieve a cease­fire in May 1994, which was of a vi­tal im­por­tance to the young in­de­pen­dent coun­try.

The sign­ing of the first oil con­tract, called the "Con­tract of the Cen­tury", in Septem­ber 1994, and its im­ple­men­ta­tion, using the rel­a­tive sta­bil­ity es­tab­lished in Azer­bai­jan and the grow­ing trust and in­ter­est in the coun­try on the in­ter­na­tional arena are clear ev­i­dence of the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the oil strat­egy de­vel­oped by Hey­dar Aliyev, which is the con­cept of eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of Azer­bai­jan.

Af­ter se­cur­ing or­der, Hey­dar Aliyev chose to set Azer­bai­jan on a demo­cratic path. A new con­sti­tu­tion was adopted in 1995. New pro­gres­sive laws were passed, bring­ing dras­tic changes to the ju­di­ciary.

Un­der the lead­er­ship of the great leader, the for­eign pol­icy of the Azer­bai­jani state, its re­la­tions with the world's lead­ing states and in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions be­gan to de­velop at a course based on na­tional in­ter­ests and a far-sighted po­lit­i­cal per­spec­tive.

The rich ac­tiv­ity of Hey­dar Aliyev, as a po­lit­i­cal and state fig­ure, who de­voted his en­tire con­scious life to the peo­ple, leav­ing a deep im­print in the his­tory of the Azer­bai­jani peo­ple, has be­come a true school of pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion. Many gen­er­a­tions of the Azer­bai­jani peo­ple will use this school and the rich po­lit­i­cal her­itage of Hey­dar Aliyev for the sake of the de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try and the well-be­ing of its peo­ple.

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