Holy Ra­madan ends

Azer News - - Nation - By Amina Nazarli

Con­sid­ered the most sa­cred Mus­lim oc­ca­sion, Ra­madan is the ninth month of the Is­lamic cal­en­dar. Held since an­cient times, this holy event has pi­ous Mus­lims fast­ing, prac­tic­ing ex­treme self-re­straint, pray­ing, do­ing char­i­ta­ble ac­tiv­i­ties and all such ac­tions that are rec­om­mended by Is­lam.

The Mus­lim holy month of Ra­madan was con­ceived the sec­ond year of He­gira, whereby Muham­mad em­i­grated from Mecca to Me­d­ina.

Ra­madan teaches the faith­ful to love Al­lah, to test their will and pa­tience, and to be wiser and more hon­est.

The Ko­ran was be­stowed upon us as a guide for mankind dur­ing the fi­nal 10 days of this month.

Mus­lims re­fer to this night as the Lay­lat Al-Qadr, mean­ing the great, pow­er­ful night. The Ko­ran says, “The night of Al-Qadr is bet­ter than a thou­sand months. Therein de­scend the an­gels and the Ruh (Gabriel) by Al­lah's Per­mis­sion with all De­crees. Peace! till the rise of Morn­ing (97:1-5).”

The history of fast­ing in Ra­madan starts when the Prophet Muham­mad de­ter­mined the holy month in Me­d­ina dur­ing the sec­ond year of pil­grim­age.

Fast­ing is one of the Five Pil­lars of the Is­lamic re­li­gion and one of its main prac­tices. The re­sult­ing hunger is seen as a means of de­vel­op­ing sym­pa­thy for the less for­tu­nate, while learn­ing to be hum­ble and ap­pre­ci­ate all of God's boun­ties.

Mus­lims world­wide fast in the day­light hours dur­ing Ra­madan. For 30 days, they do not eat, drink, smoke, or en­gage in sex­ual in­ter­course dur­ing fast­ing hours, test­ing their pa­tience and abil­ity to over­come temp­ta­tions.

Fast­ing gives Mus­lims an op­por­tu­nity to prac­tice self-con­trol and cleanse the body and mind. Many cul­tures and re­li­gions use fast­ing for this pur­pose. Dur­ing Ra­madan, fast­ing helps Mus­lims with their spir­i­tual de­vo­tion as well as in de­vel­op­ing a feel­ing of kin­ship with other Mus­lims.

The holy Ko­ran says, "As morn­ing comes and white thread dis­tin­guishes from black thread, you may eat and drink and then com­plete your fast till the night."

Fast­ing is so im­por­tant to Mus­lims for a num­ber of rea­sons. First, when you are not pay­ing at­ten­tion to your mor­tal needs such as food, you may be able to be­come more in tune with God and your spir­i­tual side. Also, the fast serves to re­mind Mus­lims of the suf­fer­ing of the poor. This idea re­in­forces the im­por­tance of char­ity dur­ing Ra­madan.

Fast­ing is com­pleted with hol­i­day of 'Eid al-Fitr.' On this day, it is re­quired that all wealthy Mus­lims aid the less for­tu­nate.

‘Zakat al-Fitr’ is the term for char­ity given to the poor at the end of the fast­ing. De­pend­ing on the fi­nan­cial wealth of the fam­ily, Zakat should in­clude three kilo­grams of wheat, bar­ley, raisins, dates or rice for each fam­ily mem­ber.

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