Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli Int’l Mu­sic Fes­ti­val re­turns to Baku

Azer News - - Culture & Lifestyle - By La­man Is­may­ilova

The Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli In­ter­na­tional Mu­sic Fes­ti­val will once again trans­form Baku into a stage for world-renowned mu­si­cians.

Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli is the founder of Azer­bai­jani writ­ten mu­sic and au­thor of the first opera in the East. He was close to tra­di­tional Azer­bai­jani mu­sic and sought to main­tain its best fea­tures in his own com­po­si­tions.

Since 1995, Septem­ber 18, the birth­day of leg­endary com­poser Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli is cel­e­brated as Na­tional Mu­sic Day in Azer­bai­jan. The In­ter­na­tional Mu­sic Fes­ti­val is or­ga­nized yearly to honor cre­ativ­ity of the world-fa­mous com­poser.

The 9th edi­tion of the fes­ti­val is sched­uled for Septem­ber 18-26, Az­er­tac re­ported. Local and for­eign mu­si­cians will once again thrill Baku au­di­ence with mag­nif­i­cent per­for­mance of clas­sic mu­sic.

The mu­si­cians and col­lec­tives from Ger­many, Rus­sia, Tur­key, Ge­or­gia, France, Bul­garia, Ukraine and Iran, in­clud­ing Novosi­birsk Phil­har­monic Or­ches­tra, Rus­sian Piano Trio, Bashk­ender Aca­demic Or­ches­tra, Ge­or­gian Choir, Eliso Bolk­vadze, Pla­mena Mankova, Sergey Do­qadin , Boris An­dri­anov, Filip Kopachevski, Ertu Kork­maz, Ber­dia Ki­yares and oth­ers will per­form Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli’s and other com­posers’ works.

Born in 1885 in the heart of Karabakh -Shusha, Ha­jibeyli re­ceived his early ed­u­ca­tion in a re­li­gious school (madrasah). Later he stud­ied at a two-year Rus­sian-Azer­bai­jani school, where he fa­mil­iar­ized him­self with the her­itage of the fa­mous clas­sic writ­ers of the East and the West.

He fre­quently wrote ar­ti­cles, top­i­cal satire and satir­i­cal car­toons for Molla Nas­raddin magazine, Kaspi and other news­pa­pers. His ma­te­rial tack­led po­lit­i­cal and so­cial prob­lems and the need for ed­u­ca­tion.

Con­tin­u­ing the tra­di­tion of world clas­sics and com­bin­ing them with na­tional folk art, Ha­jibeyli laid the foun­da­tion of a na­tional mu­si­cal style.

In 1908 the opera Leyli and Ma­j­nun was staged in Baku. It was the first opera in the Mus­lim East. Uzeyir Ha­jibeyli based the li­bretto on the poem Leyli and Ma­j­nun by Azer­bai­jani poet Ma­ham­mad Fizuli. The mu­sic of Leyli and Ma­j­nun is based on tra­di­tional folk mu­sic and dance, mu­si­cal gen­res that re­lied on oral tra­di­tions. Thus Ha­jibeyli cre­ated a new mu­si­cal genre, merg­ing eastern and west­ern cul­ture.

The suc­cess of Leyli and Ma­j­nun en­cour­aged Ha­jibeyli to write more op­eras, fus­ing eastern and west­ern styles.

In 1909, Ha­jibeyli wrote his sec­ond opera Sheikh Sanan. In con­trast to Sheikh Sanan, his op­eras Rus­tam and Sohrab (1910), Asli and Karam (1912), Shah Ab­bas and Khur­shud­banu (1912), and Harun and Leyli (1915) were en­tirely based on na­tional folk mu­sic el­e­ments, pri­mar­ily mugham.

He wrote three come­dies in­clud­ing, "Hus­band and Wife" (1910), "If not this one, that one" (1911) and "Ar­shin Mal Alan" (1913). Through his come­dies, he sat­i­rized tra­di­tional feu­dal pa­tri­ar­chal be­liefs.

"Ar­shin Mal Alan" or The Cloth Ped­dler was the lat­est and one of the most pop­u­lar op­erettas of the em­i­nent com­poser. The comedic and ro­man­tic op­eretta pre­miered in Azer­bai­jan in 1913, thus be­com­ing the first op­eretta in the en­tire Mus­lim world.

Writ­ten in 1910, “If not this one, that one” was the com­poser’s sec­ond mu­si­cal com­edy.

It is con­sid­ered one of the most coura­geous and prin­ci­pled works in theater arts of pre-revo­lu­tion­ary Azer­bai­jan, where Ha­jibeyli was able to show the so­cial and do­mes­tic con­flicts in Azer­bai­jan in the 19-20th cen­turies.

Fur­ther­more, Ha­jibeyli com­posed mu­sic for the na­tional an­them of Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Repub­lic (also the an­them of the mod­ern Repub­lic of Azer­bai­jan) as well as the state an­them of Azer­bai­jan SSR.

Ha­jibeyli died of di­a­betes at the age of 63, and was buried at the Al­ley of Honor in Baku.

One of Ha­jibe­yov's great­est lega­cies was bring­ing for­ward the idea of es­tab­lish­ing a pro­fes­sional mu­sic school. Hence the Baku Academy of Mu­sic, was founded in 1920 and named af­ter Ha­jibe­yov af­ter his death. The school has trained Azer­bai­jan's finest com­posers such as Gara Garayev, Fikrat Amirov, Jov­dat Ha­jiyev, Soltan Ha­jibe­yov, Tofig Guliyev, and Vagif Mustafazade.

His statue was erected in front of the Academy that is still de­voted to the syn­the­siz­ing Eastern and West­ern mu­si­cal tra­di­tions.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Azerbaijan

© PressReader. All rights reserved.