Istiglaliyyat street to plunge you into past of Baku

Azer News - - Country Guide - By La­man is­may­ilova

Tmu­sic. Af­ter the build­ing un­der­went ren­o­va­tion it was named af­ter com­poser Mus­lim Mago­mayev.

One of the old­est parks in Baku, Phil­har­monic Foun­tain Park is won­der­ful place to spend a day. It's a great place to take a deep breath in the chaos of down­town. The mu­sic never leaves this place. Some­times it seems that plants, bloom­ing un­der beau­ti­ful sounds are quite dif­fer­ent: more del­i­cate and more fra­grant.

Now, let's con­tinue our walk. One of the im­por­tant land­marks of Istiglaliyyat Street is a metro sta­tion "Icheri She­her".

Glassy metro sta­tion hall which car­ries the Paris mo­tifs, has now be­come one of the land­marks of modern Baku. Now the metro sta­tion "Icher­ishe­her" is the last sta­tion, but ac­cord­ing to the plans af­ter 2020, the line will be ex­tended.

Not far from the Foun­tains Square there is the Na­tional mu­seum of Azer­bai­jan lit­er­a­ture named af­ter Nizami Gan­javi. Es­tab­lished in 1939, mu­seum is one of the great­est and rich­est trea­suries of na­tional cul­ture.

The build­ing was over­hauled by the project of ar­chi­tects Sadikh Dadashov and Mikayil Huseynov, were placed sculp­tures in the fa­cade and re­con­structed two floors. Later, the me­mo­rial mu­seum was changed to the Mu­seum of Azer­bai­jani Lit­er­a­ture. In­te­rior of the mu­seum was de­signed by Letif Ke­r­i­mov.

The to­tal area of the mu­seum is 2500 square me­ters, the 1,409 me­ters of which con­sists of ex­po­si­tion and 173 square me­ters of fond. There are more than 3,000 manuscripts, rare books, il­lus­tra­tions, por­traits, sculp­tures, minia­tures, mem­o­ries of po­ets and other ex­hibits in 30 gen­eral and 10 aux­il­iary halls of the mu­seum’s ex­po­si­tion.

A man­u­script of Nizami’s Eskan­dar Nameh in Per­sian lan­guage, which was writ­ten in 1413, ex­em­plar of a man­u­script of Fuzuli’s “Ban­guBade” (1569), “The East­ern poem about Pushkin’s de­cease” of Mirza Fatali Akhun­dov, per­sonal au­to­graphs and other ex­hibits and ex­po­si­tions of great value are prides of the mu­seum.

The Mu­seum has lots of vis­i­tors from all parts of the world. The Mon­u­ment to Nizami Gan­javi, a me­dieval Per­sian poet, is lo­cated in Baku in Nizami Square, on the in­ter­sec­tion of Istiglaliyyat, Ah­mad Javad, Azer­bai­jan and Is­lam Sa­farli streets. Sculp­tor of the mon­u­ment was Fuad Ab­du­rah­manov - Peo­ple’s Artist of Azer­bai­jan.

The six-me­ter bronze statue is in­stalled on 9 me­tered oc­ta­he­dral pedestal.

The pedestal is of red Labrador, and el­e­ments of Azer­bai­jani ar­chi­tec­ture of Nizami’s epoch were used in its han­dling. There is an or­na­men­tal carv­ing and faced bronze plates on the lower part of the mon­u­ment. Seven plates fea­ture scenes from Nizami's works, and one plate dis­plays a me­mo­rial in­scrip­tion.

The may­oralty of Baku houses the ex­ec­u­tive author­ity of Azer­bai­jan's cap­i­tal, Baku, being the res­i­dence of the mayor. It is a Baroque build­ing, built in the be­gin­ning of the 20th cen­tury.

The May­oralty of Baku was orig­i­nally built as three-floor Baku City Duma and was in­flu­enced by lay­out of Hô­tel de Ville. It has a spa­cious vestibule, wide cor­ri­dors, mar­ble prin­ci­pal stair­case and so­phis­ti­cated in­te­ri­ors. The sec­ond floor houses the state rooms and ses­sion hall.

The red dec­o­ra­tive bricks and col­ored mar­ble for the con­struc­tion were brought from Italy.

Hav­ing posted a tower in the cen­ter of main front and unit­ing it or­gan­i­cally with main part, Józef Gosławski pro­vided bright­ness and en­tire­ness of the com­po­si­tion amid com­plex de­tails and el­e­ments.

The cen­tral part of the fa­cade bears the seal of Baku, which in­cor­po­rates three golden torches. The build­ing was Gosławski's last work, he died in the year the build­ing was fin­ished.

There is a lot to say about one of the old­est streets in Baku. You may visit it in your next visit to the Land of Fire.

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