Canadian Living - - Health & Fitness -

“There are many things be­yond our in­di­vid­ual con­trol that af­fect breast cancer risk, such as fam­ily his­tory, ge­net­ics, re­pro­duc­tive fac­tors and breast den­sity. That said, there are also many mod­i­fi­able risk fac­tors for breast cancer, such as phys­i­cal inac­tiv­ity, obe­sity, al­co­hol con­sump­tion and use of hor­mone re­place­ment ther­apy. We know that main­tain­ing a healthy weight and an ac­tive life­style—150 min­utes of ex­er­cise per week is rec­om­mended—de­creases your risk. And lim­it­ing al­co­hol in­take to less than one drink per day, on av­er­age, or ab­stain­ing al­to­gether, re­duces it fur­ther. Breast cancer risk is five per­cent higher in women who con­sume one drink per day as com­pared to those who don’t con­sume al­co­hol.” “A call­back is com­mon, particularly if you’re em­bark­ing on imag­ing for the first time. Mam­mog­ra­phy has a fairly good de­tec­tion rate when look­ing at one im­age, but ac­cu­racy is im­proved when com­par­isons be­tween mam­mo­grams can be made. When you’re in your 40s and 50s and mov­ing from pre­menopause to menopause, your breasts go through sev­eral changes; this fluc­tu­a­tion in breast tis­sue can af­fect the images. So, although call­backs are fre­quent, only a small set of women re­quire fur­ther test­ing, such as a biopsy, of which 80 per­cent are likely to re­turn with be­nign or non­cancer­ous di­ag­noses.”

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