Atlantic provinces and eastern Arctic
WHY SO SPECIAL
Vomits stomach oil to defend itself
The name fulmar comes from Gaelic meaning “foul gull,” although the fulmar is not a gull at all but rather a seabird closely related to the albatross. As for it being foul, well, that part of the name is more accurate. Fulmars, like some other Procellariiformes, store foul-smelling, gooey, orange-coloured oil in their stomach, a residue from their diet of krill, squid and fish. When a nesting fulmar or its chick is threatened by a predator such as a large gull or a falcon, it vomits a projected stream of repugnant oil at its attacker. Feathers splattered with oil become matted and lose their waterproofing, and unlucky victims may eventually drown or die of hypothermia.