Dis­patches

MEET A FEW OF CANADA’S CRIT­I­CALLY EN­DAN­GERED SPECIES

Canadian Wildlife - - CONTENTS - Compiled and edited by Kat Eschner

Keep­ing you up-to-date on what’s hap­pen­ing in re­search, in con­ser­va­tion and in the wild right now

Wild Species 2015, a re­cently pub­lished re­port cat­a­logu­ing the re­sults of a Canada-wide sur­vey of species, re­vealed some un­set­tling facts about the state of en­dan­gered species in this coun­try. Of the ap­prox­i­mately 30,000 species iden­ti­fied by the re­port (out of roughly 80,000 to­tal in Canada), 456 were in crit­i­cal dan­ger of go­ing ex­tinct. Learn here about a few of Canada’s rarest and most at-risk wildlife.

SABLE IS­LAND SWEAT BEE

This bee (La­sioglos­sum sablense) is one of more than 800 species of bee in Canada, though one of only two species that are be­lieved to be found in Canada only. In this case, only on Sable Is­land, Nova Sco­tia. This bee nests in the ground. Right now, the bees are breed­ing and head­ing to win­ter nests. Lit­tle is known about their or­ga­ni­za­tion within the nests, al­though other re­lated species have a dis­tinct so­cial or­der at work.

TOWNSEND’S MOLE

Found in the Pa­cific North­west, the Townsend’s Mole is the big­gest mole in North Amer­ica. Al­though it’s mostly found in Wash­ing­ton State and Ore­gon, the Cana­dian pop­u­la­tion of

Sca­panus townsendii all live in a rel­a­tively small area in Bri­tish Columbia’s Fraser Val­ley. The mole faces threats from peo­ple who don’t dis­tin­guish it from more com­mon moles, which are con­sid­ered pests. At this time of year, young moles are ap­proach­ing sex­ual ma­tu­rity. They will mate in win­ter.

COM­MON GREY FOX

Un­like all other mem­bers of the dog fam­ily in Canada, this fox

(Uro­cyon cinereoar­gen­teus) is the only one that can climb trees. It eats both plants and other an­i­mals. Al­though historic records in­di­cate they used to be al­most as abun­dant as the red fox, to­day they are only found in two Cana­dian re­gions, both in On­tario: in the south near Pelee Is­land and north and west near Thun­der Bay. At this time of year, grey fox pups are leav­ing their mother to make their way out into the world.

WHOOPING CRANE

The whooping crane (Grus amer­i­cana) re­mains crit­i­cally en­dan­gered de­spite vig­or­ous con­ser­va­tion ef­forts. Al­though in­ter­na­tional ef­forts to save the whooping crane have been on­go­ing since the 1950s, the bird is still at risk. The world’s only pop­u­la­tion of mi­gra­tory whoop­ers an­nu­ally flies to its mat­ing grounds in Al­berta’s Wood Buf­falo Na­tional Park. At this point in the year, the whooping crane is on its 3,500 mile jour­ney south to its win­ter­ing grounds in Arkansas.

Un­like all other mem­bers of the dog fam­ily in Canada, this fox (Uro­cyon cinereoar­gen­teus) is the only one that can climb trees

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