Let’s Cel­e­brate!

All kinds of things to love about Canada

Kayak (Canada) - - CONTENTS -

Grain el­e­va­tors 9

Nu­navut has four of­fi­cial lan­guages7: Inuk­ti­tut, In­uin­naq­tun, French and English.

There is a 38-kilo­me­tre-wide crater on Mars8 named for Gan­der, NL. It’s a trib­ute to the town’s im­por­tance in the his­tory of air travel and aero­space.

Que­bec City is the only walled city10 in North Amer­ica north of Mex­ico.

In 2007, the Royal Cana­dian Mint made the world’s first mil­lion-dol­lar coin11.

In 1859, Wil­liam Hall15 be­came the first Black per­son, the first Nova Sco­tian and the first Cana­dian sailor to re­ceive the Victoria Cross for his hero­ism.

Bonar Law12 of Kingston, N.B., was the first — and only — Bri­tish prime min­is­ter to be born out­side the United King­dom.

Sea­cow Head and Sea­cow Pond on Prince Ed­ward Is­land aren’t named for some made-up crea­ture. Sea­cow14 is an old word for wal­rus.

Sci­en­tists at the Univer­sity of Toronto built North Amer­ica’s first elec­tron mi­cro­scope16 in 1938.

The Robert­son17 screw­driver was in­vented by Cana­dian Peter Robert­son in 1909.

Although she never in­tended to be a back­coun­try ex­plorer, with the help of Cree guide Ge­orge El­son18, Mina Ben­son Hub­bard19 cre­ated the first maps of huge ar­eas of Labrador af­ter her hus­band died on an ear­lier ex­pe­di­tion.

Maple Syrup 21

Born in Que­bec, Mar­garet New­ton20 stud­ied rust, a dis­ease af­fect­ing grain. Her work changed the lives of farm­ers in the West. They went from los­ing 30 mil­lion bushels of wheat be­cause of rust, to al­most none.

Louis Cyr 22 of Saint-Cy­prien-de-Napierville, Que., is of­ten called Percheron horse strong­est on his man who ever lived. In 1881 he lifted a 1,000-kilo­gram Percheron horse the back.

The en­vi­ron­men­tal group Green­peace23 got its start in B.C. in 1971.

The first woman in the world to de­sign air­planes was Van­cou­ver’s Elsie MacGill24. She over­saw pro­duc­tion of Hawker Hur­ri­cane planes dur­ing the Sec­ond World War.

Hud­son’s Bay stripes 25

Cana­di­ans have won 18 No­bel prizes43* in physics, chem­istry, medicine, lit­er­a­ture and eco­nom­ics. Be­fore he be­came Prime Min­is­ter, Lester Pear­son won the No­bel Peace Prize in 1957. * 25+18=43

The de­li­cious Yukon Gold45 potato was in­vented by sci­en­tists at the Univer­sity of Guelph in 1966.

Since the 1930s, Canada and Den­mark have “fought” over who owns Hans Is­land44 in the Arc­tic by leav­ing each other teas­ing notes and a bot­tle of al­co­hol.

Totem poles 46

Choco­late-lovers love choco­lates made by Rogers Cho­co­lates47 (since 1885, Victoria, B.C.), Laura Secord48 (1913, Toronto, Ont.) and Ganong Bros49. (1873, St. Stephen, N.B.). Ganong also in­vented chicken bones50, a crunchy, choco­late-filled cin­na­mon candy in 1885.

Two Sikh men, Lush­man Gill and Sar­dara Singh Gill, started the In­dia Field Hockey Club51 in Van­cou­ver in 1932.

Métis bead­work 52

Wood Buf­falo Na­tional Park53, which stretches across the Al­berta-North­west Ter­ri­to­ries bor­der, is the largest na­tional park in Canada. It is big­ger than Switzer­land.

Mon­treal is the largest French-speak­ing city54 out­side France.

Nu­navut and the North­west Ter­ri­to­ries run their gov­ern­ments by con­sen­sus55. That means most of the elected mem­bers have to agree on some­thing be­fore it be­comes of­fi­cial.

In 1942, Saskatchewan’s Mary Greyeyes Reid56 be­came the first Abo­rig­i­nal woman in the Cana­dian Army.

Fergie Jenk­ins57 of Chatham, Ont., was the first Cana­dian in the Na­tional Base­ball Hall of Fame in Coop­er­stown, N.Y. Named in 1991, the pitcher is still the only Cana­dian to re­ceive the hon­our.

Drumheller, Alta., is home to the world’s largest di­nosaur58. It’s four-and-a-half times big­ger than a real T. rex, and 12 peo­ple can fit in its mouth at once. Also amaz­ing: the nearby Royal Tyrrell Mu­seum59, one of the best places any­where to learn about di­nosaurs and other pre­his­toric crea­tures.

Throat singing 60

In 1911, a news­pa­per publisher in B.C.’s Bulk­ley Val­ley, Joseph Coyle, saw a de­liv­ery man ar­gu­ing with a cus­tomer about da­m­aged eggs, and came up with the idea for the egg car­ton61.

Many New Brunswick moun­tains62 are named for types of jobs: Ge­ol­o­gists Range, His­to­ri­ans Range and the Nat­u­ral­ists Moun­tains.

Tobog­gans 63

Unique ac­cents64 from New­found­land to the Ot­tawa Val­ley, the Gaspé to Lac la Biche.

The CBC66

In 1857, McGill Univer­sity pro­fes­sor Thomas Sterry Hunt65 in­vented the green ink used to print Amer­i­can money. It can’t be re­pro­duced in pho­to­copies or pho­tographs.

Ban­nock 69

The 12.9 kilo­me­tre Con­fed­er­a­tion Bridge68 join­ing New Brunswick and P.E.I. is the long­est bridge in the world over ice-cov­ered wa­ter.

Flin Flon67, Man., is the world’s only town named af­ter the main per­son in a science fic­tion novel: Pro­fes­sor Josiah Flintab­batey Flonatin.

Bad­lands 70

To show Al­gonkin chief Iro­quet that he could be trusted, Sa­muel de Cham­plain shot the La­chine Rapids in his un­der­wear72.

Ontario-born Leonora Howard King71 be­came the first Cana­dian doc­tor in China in 1877.

Many peo­ple know of David Thomp­son’s83 fa­mous jour­neys to map the West, but they for­get that his Saskatchewan-born wife Char­lotte Small84, who spoke English and Cree, was with him at least 20,000 kilo­me­tres of the way. In 1962, a warm, dry wind known as a chi­nook86 (pro­nounced shih-NOOK), sent the tem­per­a­ture in Pincher Creek, Alta., from -19° to 22° in one hour. Cana­dian cas­tles87 (ac­tu­ally ho­tels built by the Cana­dian Pacific Railway) For thou­sands of years, Inuit women have worn their ba­bies on their backs in a spe­cial coat called an amauti85.

Drumheller, Alta.

The Bess­bor­ough, Saska­toon

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