To­day in his­tory

Sherbrooke Record - - LOCAL SPORTS -

To­day in His­tory for Sept. 12: On this date:

In 1362, Pope In­no­cent VI died. He is con­sid­ered by Ro­man Catholic Church schol­ars to be one of the best popes of the Avi­gnon pa­pacy, a pe­riod in the 14th cen­tury when the seat of the pon­tiff was moved from Rome to Avi­gnon in south­ern France. In­no­cent brought about many re­forms in church ad­min­is­tra­tion.

In 1504, Christo­pher Colum­bus sailed from His­pan­iola in the West Indies for Spain to end his fourth and last voy­age to the New World. The great ad­ven­turer died af­ter a long ill­ness in 1506. In 1542, his re­mains were ex­humed in Seville and taken back to His­pan­iola. They are buried in the cathe­dral at Santo Domingo, cap­i­tal of the Do­mini­can Repub­lic.

In 1818, Richard Gatling, in­ven­tor of the Gatling gun, was born in North Carolina.

In 1858, gold was dis­cov­ered in Nova Sco­tia.

In 1869, Bri­tish sci­en­tist Peter Mark Ro­get died. He com­piled the “Theasaurus of English Words and Phrases,” first pub­lished in 1852.

In 1908, Orville Wright set a fly­ing en­durance record by keep­ing his plane aloft for one hour and 14 min­utes in a demon­stra­tion for the U.S. army. The army later made the Wright planes the world's first mil­i­tary air­planes.

In 1914, the “Bat­tle of the Marne,” a ma­jor of­fen­sive by Bri­tish and French troops in the First World War, ended af­ter sev­eral days of in­ten­sive fight­ing. The Al­lies suc­ceeded in driv­ing the Ger­mans back across the Marne River, thanks in part to the 1,200 taxis com­mis­sioned by the French mil­i­tary gov­er­nor to carry re­in­force­ments to the front.

In 1932, the Ger­man Re­ich­stag was dis­solved af­ter the Nazis and the Com­mu­nists re­fused to form a coali­tion govern­ment.

In 1977, anti-apartheid ac­tivist Stephen Biko died shortly af­ter his ar­rival in a Pre­to­ria prison in South Africa. Po­lice claimed he died as re­sult of a hunger strike but ev­i­dence later showed he had mas­sive head in­juries. The death served as an in­ter­na­tional wake-up call to the bru­tal­ity of the apartheid regime.

In 1988, hur­ri­cane Gil­bert hit Ja­maica. With winds up to 233 km/h and tor­ren­tial rains, the storm killed 45 peo­ple and left about half a mil­lion home­less. Gil­bert was later re­spon­si­ble for the deaths of 300 peo­ple in Mex­ico and the United States.

In 1989, 7,000 col­lege teach­ers and 90,000 health work­ers walked off the job in Que­bec.

In 1992, the space shut­tle “En­deav­our” blasted off, car­ry­ing with it Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first mar­ried cou­ple in space; Mae Jemi­son, the first black woman in space; and Mamoru Mohri, the first Ja­panese cit­i­zen to fly on a U.S. space­ship.

In 1993, Cana­dian-born ac­tor Ray­mond Burr, who por­trayed TV'S Perry Ma­son, died. He was 76.

In 2003, the United Na­tions Se­cu­rity Coun­cil for­mally lifted sanc­tions on Libya, end­ing a ban on arms sales and flights im­posed some 15 years ear­lier af­ter Moam­mar Gad­hafi's govern­ment was im­pli­cated in the 1988 Pan Am flight 103 bomb­ing over Locker­bie, Scot­land.

In 2005, the Is­raeli army with­drew from Gaza, of­fi­cially end­ing Is­rael's 38year oc­cu­pa­tion.

In 2011, the plot of land that was known as Ground Zero was opened to the pub­lic for the first time since Sept. 11, 2001. A few thou­sand peo­ple walked among hun­dreds of white oak trees on a plaza and gazed at the two enor­mous foun­tains where the World Trade Cen­ter's twin tow­ers once stood.

In 2014, a South African judge found dou­ble-am­putee Olympic sprinter Os­car Pis­to­rius guilty of man­slaugh­ter in the shoot­ing death of girl­friend Reeva Steenkamp and de­clared him not guilty of pre­med­i­tated mur­der. He was later sen­tenced to five years in prison. (In Oc­to­ber 2015, he was re­leased from prison and placed un­der house ar­rest. In De­cem­ber 2015, an ap­peals court over­turned the lower court de­ci­sion and con­victed him of mur­der. He was sen­tenced to six years in prison, but pros­e­cu­tors are ap­peal­ing the sen­tence as “shock­ingly too le­nient.”)

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