THE DIRT ON ARTESIAN WELLS
An artesian well like Ancaster’s is one where water has travelled underground through porous rock, and after being tapped rises to the surface without the need of a pump because the water is under pressure.
Artesian wells do not necessarily have to plunge to great depths, but by definition the water is confined by “artesian pressure” below the surface.
The word artesian comes from the Roman city of Artesium, where wells were drilled in the Middle Ages.
Artesian well water originates in aquifers — underground layers of water-bearing rock that are filled from rain or melted snow that drains into the ground. Ancaster’s artesian well is from an aquifer that originates in the water table near the Georgian Bay area.