Prophet Muhammad PBUH as a leader
Islam is the widest spreading Religion today. It was Prophet Muhammad’s unique communication and leadership style that led to the spread of Islam, not only within Arabia but also outside to the north, south, east, west and southwest of Arabia. He was a dynamic, wise and just leader. Early Days of Islam: When he had his first revelation, he was shaken with fear. In this condition true to his humility, he preached initially only to his close family and friends. He was fully conscious that his message would actually turn his culture upturned. In the early days of his sacred mission, to spare his supporters harassment, he approved for them to migrate to Abyssinia for their security protection. That was topmost in his mind, a true leader. This migration was a big step. The king of Abyssinia warm welcomed them and they lived there in peace. After migration to Madinah: The holy Prophet migrated to Madina, when the people of Madina recogni ed Him asked Him to come and live with them. The first and leading outcome of the migration was the establishment of the new Islamic state headed by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) with its surfacing, Muslims adopted a military policy and the opportunity ity offered it. He made d agreements with the jews and Christians living in Madina, that they will defend the state together. The key objective underpinning the Islamic military policy was first to grant people a chance to be familiar with the Divine Message. The manner was to call them quietly and realistically. But many barriers were placed between mankind and the Divine Message. The adoption of the military policy by the Muslims wanted to demolish this obstruction and leave a man free to choose for himself. It was a strategy, not only reali ed by the leadership, but even by the smallest member of the Muslim community. The Jews of Medina were so impressed by his impartiality and intelligence of justice that they used to bring their cases to him, and he resolute them according to Jewish law. – Battle of Badr and Uhad: Battle of Badr and Uhad were first and second battles respectively fought by Muslims under the leadership of Holy Prophet (PBUH).In the second year of Hijrah, during the month of Ramadan, the Muslims learnt that a caravan of the Quraish was en route to Mecca, led by Abu-Sufyan. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) lost no time in sending off a small army of 300 Muslims with little equipment. They had only 70 camels making every two, three or four people to take turns to ride on each. News of the Prophet’s journey leaked out and Abu-Sufyan was heading for the caravan to another route. In addition, he also asked for help and the Quraish responded by sending an army three times greater than the total number of the Muslims. The matter, for the Muslims, turned to be a head to head quarrel with the Quraish. They had either to tackle the Quraish or retreat back. There were three times more non Muslims then Muslims, but it was due to strategies of the Holy Prophet they won the battle with very less harm. He asked to take the upper positions. The Muslims first occupied the water wells. These were some factors why they won the battle. After the win when nearly 70 non believers were brought as captives, the Holy Prophet ordered to treat them with care. They were given terms to be freed. One was to pay the ransom and the other was to teach 10 kids. When the results of a battle of uhad took place then the Prophet of Allah (PBUH) began to ask his companions about their advices like a good leader. And in the end they all agreed to fight the battle outside Madina. This was a good example of democracy. With one thousand fighters, the Prophet marched to Uhud outside Madinah to meet the attacking force The Prophet of Allah (PBUH) set the Muslims in battle-ranks, positioning fifty archers of the Ansar over the hill pass in order to discourage the enemy from ambushing the Muslims from behind. He put one of them as their leader and advised them not to leave their position at any cost. Seeing the consequences they left that places, denying their leaders were telling. Due to this they suffered a loss. Principles of Islamic leadership: Leadership in Islamic Definition, lead to achieving the objective and complete to be ahead of others to seek the pleasure of Allah and success in hereafter. Definition of a Leader attains set objectives a Leader is one who: Organi es bodily resources, gives guidance and influences actions with behaviors. In Islam, a leader must have the Taqwah with excellent conduct and character. This is to be done through a constant struggle by developing Close relation with Allah (SWT) Love of the Prophet (PBUH), Sahabah and Ulamah .And concern and fear of the accountability in the Akhirah. He should have knowledge and practice of Islam, administrative knowledge, and wisdom of management. He should be honest, trustworthy and wisdom. Decision making ability after appropriate consultation is very important for a leader.