Prophet Muham­mad PBUH as a leader

The Miracle - - Faith - By : Javairia ii Nawaz

Is­lam is the widest spread­ing Re­li­gion to­day. It was Prophet Muham­mad’s unique com­mu­ni­ca­tion and lead­er­ship style that led to the spread of Is­lam, not only within Ara­bia but also out­side to the north, south, east, west and south­west of Ara­bia. He was a dy­namic, wise and just leader. Early Days of Is­lam: When he had his first rev­e­la­tion, he was shaken with fear. In this con­di­tion true to his hu­mil­ity, he preached ini­tially only to his close fam­ily and friends. He was fully con­scious that his mes­sage would ac­tu­ally turn his cul­ture up­turned. In the early days of his sa­cred mis­sion, to spare his sup­port­ers ha­rass­ment, he ap­proved for them to mi­grate to Abyssinia for their se­cu­rity pro­tec­tion. That was top­most in his mind, a true leader. This mi­gra­tion was a big step. The king of Abyssinia warm wel­comed them and they lived there in peace. Af­ter mi­gra­tion to Mad­i­nah: The holy Prophet mi­grated to Mad­ina, when the peo­ple of Mad­ina recogni ed Him asked Him to come and live with them. The first and lead­ing out­come of the mi­gra­tion was the es­tab­lish­ment of the new Is­lamic state headed by the Mes­sen­ger of Al­lah (PBUH) with its sur­fac­ing, Mus­lims adopted a mil­i­tary pol­icy and the op­por­tu­nity ity of­fered it. He made d agree­ments with the jews and Chris­tians living in Mad­ina, that they will de­fend the state to­gether. The key ob­jec­tive un­der­pin­ning the Is­lamic mil­i­tary pol­icy was first to grant peo­ple a chance to be fa­mil­iar with the Di­vine Mes­sage. The man­ner was to call them qui­etly and re­al­is­ti­cally. But many bar­ri­ers were placed be­tween mankind and the Di­vine Mes­sage. The adop­tion of the mil­i­tary pol­icy by the Mus­lims wanted to de­mol­ish this ob­struc­tion and leave a man free to choose for him­self. It was a strat­egy, not only re­ali ed by the lead­er­ship, but even by the small­est mem­ber of the Mus­lim com­mu­nity. The Jews of Me­d­ina were so im­pressed by his im­par­tial­ity and in­tel­li­gence of jus­tice that they used to bring their cases to him, and he res­o­lute them ac­cord­ing to Jewish law. – Bat­tle of Badr and Uhad: Bat­tle of Badr and Uhad were first and sec­ond bat­tles re­spec­tively fought by Mus­lims un­der the lead­er­ship of Holy Prophet (PBUH).In the sec­ond year of Hi­jrah, dur­ing the month of Ra­madan, the Mus­lims learnt that a car­a­van of the Qu­raish was en route to Mecca, led by Abu-Su­fyan. The Holy Prophet Muham­mad (s.a.w.) lost no time in send­ing off a small army of 300 Mus­lims with lit­tle equipment. They had only 70 camels mak­ing ev­ery two, three or four peo­ple to take turns to ride on each. News of the Prophet’s jour­ney leaked out and Abu-Su­fyan was head­ing for the car­a­van to an­other route. In ad­di­tion, he also asked for help and the Qu­raish re­sponded by send­ing an army three times greater than the to­tal num­ber of the Mus­lims. The mat­ter, for the Mus­lims, turned to be a head to head quar­rel with the Qu­raish. They had ei­ther to tackle the Qu­raish or re­treat back. There were three times more non Mus­lims then Mus­lims, but it was due to strate­gies of the Holy Prophet they won the bat­tle with very less harm. He asked to take the up­per po­si­tions. The Mus­lims first oc­cu­pied the wa­ter wells. These were some fac­tors why they won the bat­tle. Af­ter the win when nearly 70 non be­liev­ers were brought as cap­tives, the Holy Prophet or­dered to treat them with care. They were given terms to be freed. One was to pay the ran­som and the other was to teach 10 kids. When the re­sults of a bat­tle of uhad took place then the Prophet of Al­lah (PBUH) be­gan to ask his com­pan­ions about their ad­vices like a good leader. And in the end they all agreed to fight the bat­tle out­side Mad­ina. This was a good ex­am­ple of democ­racy. With one thou­sand fight­ers, the Prophet marched to Uhud out­side Mad­i­nah to meet the at­tack­ing force The Prophet of Al­lah (PBUH) set the Mus­lims in bat­tle-ranks, po­si­tion­ing fifty archers of the An­sar over the hill pass in or­der to dis­cour­age the en­emy from am­bush­ing the Mus­lims from be­hind. He put one of them as their leader and ad­vised them not to leave their po­si­tion at any cost. See­ing the con­se­quences they left that places, deny­ing their lead­ers were telling. Due to this they suf­fered a loss. Prin­ci­ples of Is­lamic lead­er­ship: Lead­er­ship in Is­lamic Def­i­ni­tion, lead to achiev­ing the ob­jec­tive and com­plete to be ahead of oth­ers to seek the plea­sure of Al­lah and suc­cess in hereafter. Def­i­ni­tion of a Leader at­tains set ob­jec­tives a Leader is one who: Or­gani es bodily re­sources, gives guid­ance and in­flu­ences ac­tions with be­hav­iors. In Is­lam, a leader must have the Taqwah with ex­cel­lent con­duct and char­ac­ter. This is to be done through a con­stant strug­gle by de­vel­op­ing Close re­la­tion with Al­lah (SWT) Love of the Prophet (PBUH), Sa­habah and Ulamah .And con­cern and fear of the ac­count­abil­ity in the Akhi­rah. He should have knowl­edge and prac­tice of Is­lam, ad­min­is­tra­tive knowl­edge, and wisdom of man­age­ment. He should be hon­est, trust­wor­thy and wisdom. De­ci­sion mak­ing abil­ity af­ter ap­pro­pri­ate con­sul­ta­tion is very im­por­tant for a leader.

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