The Standard (St. Catharines) - - NEWS -

In 1773, the ship, “Hec­tor,” ar­rived at Brown’s Point, near Pic­tou, N.S. Hec­tor car­ried 178 Scot­tish im­mi­grants -- the first large wave of im­mi­gra­tion that made Scots the pre­dom­i­nant eth­nic group in Nova Sco­tia. A replica ship was later built to com­mem­o­rate the voyage and is on dis­play in Pic­tou har­bour.

In 1821, in­de­pen­dence was pro­claimed for Costa Rica, Gu­atemala, Hon­duras, Nicaragua and El Sal­vador.

In 1830, the first pas­sen­ger rail­way opened, run­ning be­tween Man­ches­ter and Liver­pool, Eng­land.

In 1835, Charles Dar­win reached the Gala­pa­gos Is­lands aboard “HMS Bea­gle.”

In 1860, Ed­ward, Prince of Wales, vis­ited Niagara Falls, where he wit­nessed a per­for­mance of the great French tightrope walker Blondin.

In 1916, tanks were used in com­bat for the first time by the Bri­tish at the bat­tle of Flers Courcelette, dur­ing the First World War.

In 1917, Rus­sia was pro­claimed a repub­lic by Alexan­der Fy­o­dor­ovich Keren­sky, whose gov­ern­ment was over­thrown two months later by the Bol­she­viks.

In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws were passed in Ger­many, seg­re­gat­ing Jews and adopt­ing the swastika as the of­fi­cial Ger­man flag. The laws barred Jews from pro­fes­sional po­si­tions, stripped them of prop­erty and seg­re­gated them into ghet­tos.

In 1940, the Ger­mans launched heavy bomb­ing at­tacks on Lon­don and lost 60 air­craft.

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