The Af­ter­math

The Telegram (St. John’s) - - REMEMBRANCE DAY - Source: Vet­er­ans Af­fairs Canada web­site

The Armistice of Novem­ber 11, 1918, brought re­lief to the whole world. The hor­ri­ble strug­gle with its death, de­struc­tion and mis­ery was at last halted. It had truly been a world war. Sixty-five mil­lion men from 30 na­tions were in­volved in it; at least ten mil­lion men were killed; twenty-nine mil­lion more were wounded, cap­tured or miss­ing; and the fi­nan­cial cost was mea­sured in hun­dreds of bil­lions of dol­lars. Never be­fore had there been such a con­flict.

The Great War was also a land­mark in Cana­dian na­tional de­vel­op­ment. In 1914, Canada en­tered the war as a colony, a mere ex­ten­sion of Bri­tain over­seas; in 1918 she was forg­ing vis­i­bly ahead to na­tion­hood. Canada be­gan the war with one divi­sion of ci­ti­zen sol­diers un­der the com­mand of a British gen­eral, and ended with a su­perb fight­ing force un­der the com­mand of one of her own sons.

For a na­tion of eight mil­lion peo­ple Canada’s war ef­fort was re­mark­able. Over 650,000 Cana­dian men and women served in uni­form dur­ing the First World War, with more than 66,000 giv­ing their lives and over 172,000 more be­ing wounded. Nearly one of ev­ery ten Cana­di­ans who fought in the war did not re­turn.

It was this Cana­dian war record that won for Canada a sep­a­rate sig­na­ture on the Peace Treaty sig­ni­fy­ing that na­tional sta­tus had been achieved. Na­tion­hood was pur­chased for Canada by the gal­lant men who stood fast at Ypres, stormed Regina Trench, climbed the heights of Vimy Ridge, cap­tured Pass­chen­daele, and en­tered Mons on Novem­ber 11, 1918.

Ceme­tery out­side of the Douau­mont os­suary near Ver­dun France. Me­mo­rial of the sol­diers who died on the bat­tle­field dur­ing the Bat­tle of Ver­dun in World War I

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