Cel­e­brat­ing a Con­fed­er­a­tion struck 150 years ago on July 1, 1867

Many op­tions on tap to mark Canada 150, in­clud­ing Wool­wich Town­ship’s an­nual birth­day-cake fes­tiv­i­ties at Gore Park

The Woolwich Observer - - NEWS - ALI WIL­SON

THE BRI­TISH NORTH AMER­ICA Act, signed by Queen Vic­to­ria, was pro­claimed law on July 1, 1867, cre­at­ing the Do­min­ion of Canada. A rather staid af­fair then, 150 years later Cana­di­ans are mak­ing a party of it.

For many, it may be just a long week­end, but the na­tion’s 150th birth­day is steeped in his­tory. Founded out of a se­ries of con­fer­ences and ne­go­ti­a­tions, con­fed­er­a­tion was the be­gin­ning of the na­tion we now call home.

A union of the Bri­tish North Amer­i­can colonies of New Brunswick, Nova Sco­tia, Que­bec and On­tario, the fed­er­a­tion was in­spired in part by the be­lief of Bri­tain’s re­luc­tance to de­fend against pos­si­ble U.S. ag­gres­sion and home­grown fears of United States dom­i­na­tion fol­low­ing the Amer­i­can Civil War. Con­fed­er­a­tion of­fered colonies the op­por­tu­nity for a new united, free-trade mar­ket north of the Amer­i­can bor­der.

Although 1867 is of­fi­cially the year that Con­fed­er­a­tion es­tab­lished Canada as a united na­tion, not all of the prov­inces and ter­ri­to­ries that we know to­day were on board. Fol­low­ing New Brunswick, Nova Sco­tia, On­tario and Que­bec’s agree­ment to con­fed­er­a­tion in 1867, the 1870s saw Man­i­toba, Bri­tish Columbia, the North­west Ter­ri­to­ries and Prince Ed­ward Is­land join late to the party. The 1890s brought the Yukon, fol­lowed by Al­berta and Saskatchewan in 1905. New­found­land joined 44 years later and Nu­navut was cre­ated 18 years ago.

Our home and na­tive land will be cel­e­brat­ing Con­fed­er­a­tion with a va­ri­ety of events this Satur­day July 1 across both Wool­wich and Welles­ley town­ships.

You can en­joy a free public swim at the Wool­wich Memo­rial Cen­tre from 1-3 p.m. in celebration of Canada’s 150th birth­day.

For the 26th year, Wool­wich Cel­e­brates Canada’s 150th Birth­day Party at Gore Park in Elmira from 4-7 p.m., at­ten­dees can en­joy live mu­sic from the John McKin­ley Band, games and ac­tiv­i­ties, en­ter­tain­ment, food, bev­er­ages and cake.

SteamFest 150, with the Water­loo Cen­tral Rail­way at Mar­ket Sta­tion 878 We­ber St. N., will be hap­pen­ing on Satur­day from 2-4 p.m. They will be tak­ing a fun his­tor­i­cal train ride from St. Ja­cobs Mar­ket Sta­tion, loop­ing through Elmira and back around to Mar­ket Sta­tion. Their 100-year-old steam train will be run­ning, of­fer­ing en­gi­neer ex­pe­ri­ences in diesel trains, jig­ger rides and steam cooked food.

The Mary­hill His­tor­i­cal So­ci­ety will be hav­ing a celebration in­clud­ing a flag rais­ing, hon­our­ing of war veter­ans, BBQ, tree plant­ing, wagon rides, an­tique dis­plays, tours of the vil­lage, and a mass at St. Boni­face Church.

[ALI WIL­SON / THE OB­SERVER]

Stu­dents at St. Ja­cobs Public School wrapped up their Canada Day Celebration on Tues­day with an all-school ‘1-5-0’ dis­play in their play yard.

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