Forces split over Raqqa strategy
Dispute between U.S. allies complicates effort to weaken Daesh stronghold in Syria
ANKARA, TURKEY— Turkey said Tuesday that the U.S.-backed and Kurdish-led forces leading an assault on the Daesh stronghold of Raqqa should not enter the city itself but merely help encircle it — a suggestion dismissed by the Kurds.
The dispute between the two U.S. allies threatens to complicate efforts to drive Daesh out of Raqqa, the de facto capital of the extremist group’s self-described caliphate.
The U.S.-backed Syria Democratic Forces (SDF), which include Kurdish, Arab and Turkmen fighters, have driven Daesh, also known as ISIS or ISIL, from large swaths of territory. Turkey views the Syrian Kurds who dominate the group as an extension of the Kurdish insurgency raging in its southeast.
Turkey, which has sent its own forces across the border to back Syrian opposition fighters, has suggested they lead the offensive to retake Raqqa.
The Turkey-backed forces, now pushing toward the Daesh stronghold of al-Bab, have clashed with Daesh as well as the SDF.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Turkeybacked opposition fighters captured six villages near al-Bab on Tuesday and are now about seven kilometres from the town.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told reporters that the U.S. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Joseph Dunford, told Turkish officials during a recent visit that Kurdish-led forces would only have a role in encircling Raqqa and would not enter the city.
“We hope that this will be the case and we expect that our partners keep their promises,” Cavusoglu said.
He said “local” fighters aided by Turkish special forces should drive Daesh out of Raqqa, but also suggested that residents of the mainly Sunni Arab city might not welcome Kurdish forces.
“We should not force the people to choose between two evils,” he said. The SDF has made some gains since the Raqqa offensive began Sunday, taking over nearly a dozen villages.
Ilham Ahmed, a senior official in the political arm of the SDF, said the same forces leading the offensive will enter Raqqa.
“The campaign will continue to be in that form until it enters the city,” Ahmed told The Associated Press.
She said the Kurdish-led SDF, as the main force on the ground, is best placed to decide what forces are needed to liberate the city.
A U.S. defence official said that the agreement Dunford made with his Turkish counterpart was not explicitly a U.S. prohibition on Syrian Kurdish fighters going into Raqqa.
The official said it was rather a U.S. commitment to “work with” Turkey on the ultimate composition of what is expected to be a predominantly Sunni Arab force to seize and hold the city.
The official was not authorized to discuss details of Dunford’s talks in Ankara and spoke on condition of anonymity.
Ahmed said U.S officials have not yet raised the possibility of Turkish or Turkey-backed forces taking part in the Raqqa offensive.
“I think (Ankara) is trying to pressure the Americans to bring in allied groups into Raqqa. We are the main party that decides if we need such troops to be involved,” she said.
“We are self-sufficient. There is no need.”
The U.S. Central Command says coalition warplanes have carried out more than 30 air raids north of Raqqa since Sunday. SDF spokesperson Talal Sillo told the Kurdish news agency Hawar that the coalition has provided fresh arms, including antitank missiles.
A Raqqa-based Syrian activist group, known as Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, said Daesh militants have prevented residents of a nearby village that was bombed by coalition forces from leaving and have imposed a curfew there.
Both the Raqqa activist group and Observatory said that Daesh militants have blown up a number of bridges over irrigation canals north of Raqqa, near Ein Issa, where the SDF is based.
Children flee clashes in villages north of Raqqa, Syria. Raqqa is the de facto capital of Daesh’s self-described caliphate.