On the Way to Erad­i­cat­ing Poverty

China.org.cn Oc­to­ber 19

Beijing Review - - This Week People & Points -

Ev­ery year, In­ter­na­tional Day for the Erad­i­ca­tion of Poverty on Oc­to­ber 17 unites world lead­ers in seek­ing to show tan­gi­ble progress and cre­ate pros­per­ity for cit­i­zens with­out dis­crim­i­na­tion. Some data, how­ever, aren’t very en­cour­ag­ing, even for de­vel­oped coun­tries.

A re­cent Euro­stat sur­vey shows ap­prox­i­mately 119 mil­lion peo­ple (23.7 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion) in the Euro­pean Union were at risk of poverty or so­cial ex­clu­sion in 2015. Although this is a slight de­crease in com­par­i­son to pre­vi­ous years, it is still higher than in the pre­fi­nan­cial cri­sis pe­riod.

If the sit­u­a­tion in de­vel­oped coun­tries can prove prob­lem­atic, it is ap­par­ently even more com­plex in de­vel­op­ing ones. The case which sub­se­quently de­serves par­tic­u­lar at­ten­tion is that of China, for two main rea­sons.

First, the coun­try has the largest pop­u­la­tion so that the num­bers fac­ing poverty can eas­ily be­come head­line-mak­ing. Sec­ond, how­ever, the coun­try has al­ready made an enor­mous con­tri­bu­tion to poverty re­duc­tion and this per­for­mance con­sti­tutes a model for its own fu­ture poli­cies as well as an ex­am­ple for other states.

A new gov­ern­ment white pa­per pro­vides use­ful num­bers. Specif­i­cally, more than 700 mil­lion Chi­nese peo­ple have been lifted out of poverty over the past three decades. In ad­di­tion, the pro­por­tion of peo­ple liv­ing in ex­treme poverty fell from 61 per­cent in 1990 to 4.2 per­cent

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