SCO Syn­ergy

Beijing Review - - Editor’s Desk -

The 18th Shang­hai Co­op­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion (SCO) Sum­mit will be held in Qingdao, a coastal city in east China’s Shan­dong Prov­ince, on June 9- 10. Chi­nese Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping will chair the meet­ing of lead­ers of SCO mem­ber states and observer na­tions, as well as chiefs of rel­e­vant in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions.

This year’s sum­mit is the first since the or­ga­ni­za­tion was en­larged at last year’s As­tana Sum­mit in Kaza­khstan, where In­dia and Pak­istan were granted full SCO mem­ber sta­tus, join­ing China, Kaza­khstan, Kyr­gyzs­tan, Rus­sia, Ta­jik­istan and Uzbek­istan.

Since its estab­lish­ment in 2001, the SCO has be­come a new type of or­ga­ni­za­tion for re­gional co­op­er­a­tion with pro­found in­ter­na­tional in­flu­ence, play­ing a pos­i­tive role in boost­ing sta­bil­ity and se­cu­rity in Eura­sia and the world at large.

The SCO has carved out a path of peace­ful de­vel­op­ment un­der the guid­ance of the Shang­hai Spirit, which is char­ac­ter­ized by mu­tual trust, mu­tual ben­e­fit, equal­ity, mu­tual con­sul­ta­tions, re­spect for cul­tural di­ver­sity and as­pi­ra­tion for com­mon de­vel­op­ment. The or­ga­ni­za­tion has dove­tailed with the trend of peace and de­vel­op­ment af­ter the Cold War and shown the great po­ten­tial for col­lab­o­ra­tion be­tween coun­tries with dif­fer­ent cul­tural back­grounds.

It has also made pos­i­tive con­tri­bu­tions to the in­ter­na­tional fight against ter­ror­ism. Se­cu­rity co­op­er­a­tion is a key area of col­lab­o­ra­tion among SCO mem­ber states and the SCO was among the first group of in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions com­mit­ted to anti-ter­ror­ism. SCO mem­ber states signed the Shang­hai Con­ven­tion on Com­bat­ing Ter­ror­ism, Ex­trem­ism and Sep­a­ratism on June 15, 2001, the day the or­ga­ni­za­tion was es­tab­lished. The doc­u­ment pre­scribed con­crete mea­sures to crack down on the forces of ter­ror­ism, sep­a­ratism and ex­trem­ism, which were each given a clear def­i­ni­tion.

The SCO has also con­trib­uted to re­gional co­op­er­a­tion. Mem­ber states have been ded­i­cated to strength­en­ing mu­tual trust and friend­ship through joint ef­forts in ar­eas such as trade, science and tech­nol­ogy, cul­ture, and ed­u­ca­tion. The Chi­napro­posed Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive and the SCO De­vel­op­ment Bank have be­come im­por­tant plat­forms for achiev­ing com­mon pros­per­ity.

China is the ro­tat­ing chair of the SCO this year. The Qingdao Sum­mit is set to be a new mile­stone in the his­tory of the or­ga­ni­za­tion. Dur­ing the meet­ing, a se­ries of ac­tiv­i­ties will be held to pro­mote mu­tual un­der­stand­ing and com­mu­ni­ca­tion be­tween SCO mem­ber states, observer na­tions and di­a­logue part­ners. Par­tic­i­pants are ex­pected to ex­change views on ma­jor in­ter­na­tional and re­gional is­sues of com­mon con­cern to build con­sen­sus un­der the new cir­cum­stances and en­able the SCO to play a big­ger role in re­gional peace and sta­bil­ity.

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