Na­tional De­vel­op­ment Strate­gies

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - DOCUMENT -

The world is a col­or­ful place, with many dif­fer­ent de­vel­op­ment pat­terns. Sum­ma­riz­ing its his­tor­i­cal ex­pe­ri­ence and based on its pre­vail­ing con­di­tions, China has cho­sen a so­cial­ist path. It strives to build so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics, cre­ate a beau­ti­ful life for the Chi­nese peo­ple, and re­al­ize the peo­ple’s right to de­vel­op­ment.

To build so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics, China sets its na­tional de­vel­op­ment strate­gies based on the need to protect and re­al­ize its peo­ple’s right to de­vel­op­ment. In the early 1980s, the CPC pro­posed the “three-step” de­vel­op­ment strat­egy: First, to dou­ble the 1981 GNP and en­sure the pro­vi­sion of ba­sic ma­te­rial needs by 1990; sec­ond, to dou­ble the 1991 GNP by the end of the 20th cen­tury and bring peo­ple’s liv­ing stan­dards to a level of “rea­son­able pros­per­ity” ; and third, to quadru­ple that new GNP to the level of mod­er­ately de­vel­oped coun­tries by the mid-21st cen­tury, and bring the Chi­nese peo­ple an af­flu­ent life.

At the 15th CPC Na­tional Con­gress in 1997, the third step was made more spe­cific, and a new “three­step” strat­egy for the first half of the 21st cen­tury was put for­ward. First, in the first decade of the 21st cen­tury, to dou­ble GNP com­pared to the 2000 level, raise lev­els of pros­per­ity, and form a rel­a­tively com­plete so­cial­ist mar­ket econ­omy; sec­ond, with ten more years’ hard work, to fur­ther de­velop the econ­omy and im­prove var­i­ous in­sti­tu­tions by the cen­te­nary of the found­ing of the CPC; and third, to achieve ba­sic mod­ern­iza­tion and com­plete the build­ing of a so­cial­ist coun­try that is pros­per­ous, demo­cratic, and cul­tur­ally ad­vanced by the cen­te­nary of the found­ing of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China in the mid-21st cen­tury.

Af­ter en­ter­ing the 21st cen­tury, the CPC set it­self the strate­gic task of build­ing a “mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety in all re­spects.” Since the 18th CPC Na­tional Con­gress in 2012, the Party’s Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, with Xi Jin­ping as its core, has set the “peo­ple’s wish for a bet­ter life” as its goal of gov­er­nance, and de­fined the Two Cen­te­nary Goals. That is, to en­able the peo­ple to live pros­per­ous lives and com­plete the build­ing of a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety in all re­spects by 2020, the cen­te­nary of the CPC (founded in 1921), and to bring China’s per capita GDP on par with that of mod­er­ately de­vel­oped coun­tries, and build China into a mod­ern so­cial­ist coun­try that is pros­per­ous, strong, demo­cratic, cul­tur­ally ad­vanced, and har­mo­nious by the cen­te­nary of the PRC (founded in 1949) in the mid-21st cen­tury.

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