What they say

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - XI'S VISIT -

In­ter­na­tional ex­perts tell China Daily their ex­pec­ta­tions for the G20 Ham­burg Sum­mit on Friday and Satur­day, which will be at­tended by Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping. Bob Wekesa,

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Since the Hangzhou sum­mit, China has steadily main­tained re­la­tions with Africa and in some in­stances, in­creased the level of en­gage­ment. China’s read­ing of Africa is cor­rect — you ig­nore Africa if you do not un­der­stand its in­creas­ing geopo­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic im­por­tance in the world. From min­eral re­sources, to its ris­ing pop­u­la­tion which is vir­tu­ally a mar­ket, Africa is key to global eco­nomic growth. China has a com­pre­hen­sive re­la­tion­ship with Africa

Christo­pher Bo­vis,

The role of China in this year’s G20 Sum­mit will fo­cus on three pri­or­i­ties: 1. Pluri­lat­er­al­ism in in­ter­na­tional trade, where free trade can be based upon pluri­lat­eral re­la­tions rather than mul­ti­lat­eral and bi­lat­eral struc­tures, tak­ing into ac­count com­mon de­nom­i­na­tors and avoid­ing the ef­fort of find­ing coun­try-spe­cific pri­or­i­ties that di­lute free trade prin­ci­ples, per­pet­u­at­ing pro­tec­tion­ism and non­tar­iff bar­ri­ers. 2. Tran­si­tory in­vest­ment strat­egy, where the tran­si­tion of Chi­nese in­vest­ment strat­egy from an eco­nomic plan that has fo­cused on tra­di­tional in­dus­tries, en­ergy and in­fra­struc­ture and that has been served

Jon R. Tay­lor,

The Hangzhou sum­mit con­firmed the ne­ces­sity for the G20 to build a con­sen­sus for long-term and in­no­va­tive growth. The sum­mit of­fered a plat­form for pro­mot­ing China’s eco­nomic devel­op­ment model, in­clud­ing the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive and the Asian In­fra­struc­ture In­vest­ment Bank. China played a cen­tral, if not piv­otal, role at the Hangzhou sum­mit. China’s 2016 G20 pres­i­dency of­fered the na­tion the op­por­tu­nity to demon­strate its strong com­mit­ment to eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion and mu­tual co­op­er­a­tion. China’s role at the Hangzhou G20 was marked by an in­ter­est in pur­su­ing struc­tural re­form, trade, in­vest­ment and sus­tain­able devel­op­ment.

Kerry Brown,

The 2016 G20 was most im­por­tant be­cause of the sym­bol­ism — the first con­ven­ing of such a meet­ing within China, sig­nal­ing that China is a ma­jor geopo­lit­i­cal power now. This goes hand in hand with the is­sue that was cen­tral to Hangzhou — dis­cus­sions of the im­pact of glob­al­iza­tion. In the pe­riod since then, the global sit­u­a­tion has that cov­ers most if not all pro­duc­tive sec­tors. Un­der a South-South co­op­er­a­tion agenda, African coun­tries can ex­pect China to be sen­si­tive to African is­sues at the G20 Sum­mit. The ma­jor point of China’s push­ing the African agenda is plac­ing in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion at the heart of Africa’s devel­op­ment. This is im­por­tant be­cause Africa’s low level of in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion is also an op­por­tu­nity for the con­ti­nent to scale up. through sov­er­eign funds, to a strat­egy that fo­cuses on ser­vices and high value in­ter­ests served pri­mar­ily through pri­vate cap­i­tal. 3. Ren­minbi in­ter­na­tion­al­iza­tion, where Chi­nese in­vest­ment and free trade poli­cies are in­dis­sol­ubly linked with the agenda of ren­minbi in­ter­na­tion­al­iza­tion, which will pro­vide a blue­print for sus­tain­able devel­op­ment aim­ing to de­liver en­ergy ef­fi­ciency and ac­cel­er­at­ing devel­op­ment of the ser­vices sec­tor, par­tic­u­larly fi­nan­cial ser­vices, im­prov­ing in­no­va­tion in agri­cul­ture and in­dus­trial sec­tors and es­tab­lish­ing a more bal­anced and sus­tain­able trade. There will con­tinue to be pres­sure at the Ham­burg G20 Sum­mit to demon­strate what was dis­cussed last Septem­ber in Hangzhou: the need for co­or­di­nated lead­er­ship on both global eco­nomic gov­er­nance and the need to de­fend mul­ti­lat­eral in­sti­tu­tions. Those con­ver­sa­tions were em­pha­sized dur­ing the Hangzhou G20 Sum­mit and will clearly in­flu­ence the Ham­burg G20 Sum­mit. China’s role will be to re­mind the sum­mit par­tic­i­pants that eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion can be a win-win prospect and that China’s ex­pe­ri­ence demon­strates that there are suc­cess­ful — and in­clu­sive — eco­nomic devel­op­ment mod­els be­yond those of­fered by the West. grown even more com­plex, and China’s sta­tus has risen. So in many ways, hold­ing the meet­ing a year ago in China was op­por­tune. It marked what no one re­ally ap­pre­ci­ated at the time, a mo­ment when China be­came the world’s core de­fender of glob­al­iza­tion and free trade.

Rana Mit­ter, di­rec­tor of the Univer­sity of Ox­ford China Cen­tre

Last year, China’s host­ing of the G20 in Hangzhou pro­vided a sym­bol­i­cally im­por­tant mo­ment, as it was the first time that the world’s sec­ond-big­gest econ­omy had hosted this gath­er­ing. Also im­por­tant was China’s role in tak­ing on dis­cus­sions on cli­mate change fol­low­ing the Paris ac­cord of De­cem­ber 2015. This year, China will need to con­tinue to play a role in

Robert Ka­giri,

The last G20 Sum­mit was the last official visit by then-US pres­i­dent Barack Obama and has her­alded the be­gin­ning of sig­nif­i­cant changes from the West since the com­ing of Don­ald Trump in the United States and the ef­fects of Brexit, which have made both ma­jor pow­ers move fur­ther away from glob­al­iza­tion and more to­ward an iso­la­tion­ist stand. The East, on the other hand, with the rise of China as the key driver of glob­al­iza­tion as ev­i­denced by Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping’s key­note ad­dress at the World Eco­nomic Fo­rum, and the host­ing of the Belt and Road

Ted Car­pen­ter,

The forth­com­ing G20 Sum­mit gives China an­other sig­nif­i­cant op­por­tu­nity to make a con­struc­tive con­tri­bu­tion to global eco­nomic and diplo­matic progress. With the United States adopt­ing a more aloof, na­tion­al­is­tic stance (espe­cially on such topics as the Trans-

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stress­ing the im­por­tance of free trade and open economies. Pres­i­dent Xi’s lan­guage used at Davos in early 2017 was wel­comed by many as show­ing the right sort of rhetoric against pro­tec­tion­ism. It is im­por­tant that China shows it is gen­uinely openingup. The G20 would be a good op­por­tu­nity to make its in­ten­tions clear.

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Fo­rum for In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion, has moved in the op­po­site di­rec­tion and in so do­ing un­der­scored China’s im­por­tant role in cham­pi­oning glob­al­iza­tion and re­bal­anc­ing trade to ben­e­fit the less-de­vel­oped economies. I think the is­sues of cli­mate change, free trade and global mi­gra­tion will dom­i­nate the up­com­ing sum­mit. China will be spear­head­ing global eco­nomic growth through a more in­clu­sive ap­proach and prefer­ably un­der the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive.

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Pa­cific Part­ner­ship and the Paris cli­mate ac­cord), other na­tions are look­ing to Bei­jing to fill at least part of the new lead­er­ship gap. Last year’s sum­mit pro­vided am­ple signs that China is pre­pared to play a more ac­tive role in that re­spect.

WANG YE / XIN­HUA

Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping, Ger­man Chan­cel­lor An­gela Merkel and Xi’s wife, Peng Liyuan, watch an ex­hi­bi­tion soc­cer game be­tween youths from the two coun­tries at Ber­lin’s Olympic Sta­dium on Wed­nes­day. Chi­nese play­ers are at­tend­ing a camp in Ger­many as part of the na­tions’ soc­cer part­ner­ship.

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