Doc­u­ment guided Japanese surrender of stolen ter­ri­to­ries

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - TOP NEWS - By WANG QINGYUN wangqingyun @chi­

A doc­u­ment is­sued dur­ing World War II was a sig­nif­i­cant le­gal ba­sis for China to have re­trieved its ter­ri­tory, in­clud­ing Tai­wan, after the war, For­eign Min­istry spokesman Geng Shuang said on Thurs­day.

“The Cairo Dec­la­ra­tion pro­vided an im­por­tant ba­sis in in­ter­na­tional law for China to re­cover, after World War II, its ter­ri­tory, which had been robbed and stolen by Japanese mil­i­tarism, in­clud­ing Tai­wan and its af­fil­i­ated is­lands,” Geng said in a daily news con­fer­ence in Bei­jing.

Com­ment­ing on re­ports that au­thor­i­ties in Tai­wan will re­move con­tent re­lated to the dec­la­ra­tion from the new high school cur­ricu­lum, Geng said the dec­la­ra­tion is “uni­ver­sally ac­knowl­edged” and is “a ma­jor out­come gained in the World Anti-Fas­cist War”.

In 1943, China, the United States and Bri­tain is­sued the dec­la­ra­tion, which said China’s ter­ri­tory taken by Ja­pan, in­clud­ing Tai­wan and the Penghu Is­lands, should be re­turned to China.

The Pots­dam Procla­ma­tion, a doc­u­ment signed two years later to urge Ja­pan to surrender, said the dec­la­ra­tion’s

The Cairo Dec­la­ra­tion pro­vided an im­por­tant ba­sis in in­ter­na­tional law for China to re­cover ... its ter­ri­tory.” Geng Shuang, For­eign Min­istry spokesman

terms “shall be car­ried out”.

Geng said that the dec­la­ra­tion es­tab­lished an im­por­tant foun­da­tion for post­war in­ter­na­tional or­der. It is sig­nif­i­cant both his­tor­i­cally and in re­al­ity, he said.

Geng em­pha­sized that Tai­wan is an in­alien­able part of China and that the in­tegrity of China’s sovereignty and ter­ri­tory is not al­lowed to be seg­mented.

Ma Xiaoguang, spokesman for the Tai­wan Af­fairs Of­fice of the State Coun­cil, said on Wed­nes­day that the his­tor­i­cal facts and the le­gal ground for Tai­wan’s sta­tus as an in­alien­able part of China are “unas­sail­able” and that any at­tempts to change such a sta­tus will “end in vain”.

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