Made in China 2025 gets boost from Li

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - FRONT PAGE - By XU WEI and HU YONGQI

China is strength­en­ing the Made in China 2025 strat­egy with new na­tional-level demon­stra­tion ar­eas to spur the de­vel­op­ment of smart-, green- and ser­vice-ori­ented man­u­fac­tur­ing.

The de­ci­sion was made at a State Coun­cil ex­ec­u­tive meet­ing presided over by Premier Li Ke­qiang on Wed­nes­day.

One goal is to fos­ter the de­vel­op­ment of emerg­ing in­dus­tries and up­grade tra­di­tional sec­tors by fur­ther­ing the in­te­gra­tion of man­u­fac­tur­ing and the in­ter­net. Sup­port poli­cies for mar­ket-ori­ented re­forms will be rolled out to en­sure that busi­nesses of all types can re­ceive the same na­tional treat­ment.

“We need to se­lect some cities or city clus­ters in China’s eastern, western and central re­gions for the demon­stra­tion ar­eas. The key is to sup­port their pi­lot­ing in sys­tem and pol­icy in­no­va­tion, and to de­velop an in­no­va­tive at­mos­phere and in­dus­trial clus­ters for smart man­u­fac­tur­ing,” Li said.

“We must en­able the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor to be­come smarter, greener and more ser­vice ori­ented to boost the tran­si­tion from tra­di­tional to new growth engines and to keep the econ­omy climb­ing up­ward,” he said.

Made in China 2025 was first un­veiled by the premier in his Gov­ern­ment Work Re­port in 2015.

Two years later, the coun­try has seen in­creas­ingly stronger i ndus­trial ca­pa­bil­i­ties, smart man­u­fac­tur­ing, i nno­va­tion, prod­uct qual­ity and brand­ing.

Av­er­age pro­duc­tiv­ity was up by 38 per­cent for China’s first 109 pi­lot projects in smart man­u­fac­tur­ing, while oper­at­ing costs dropped by 21 per­cent, ac­cord­ing to the Min­istry of In­dus­try and In­for­ma­tion Tech­nol­ogy.

Wed­nes­day’s meet­ing de­ter­mined that the gov­ern­ment will take ad­van­tage of a va­ri­ety of gov­ern­ment and in­dus­try funds to spur in­no­va­tion and en­trepreneur­ship, and to guide more so­cial cap­i­tal to sup­port ad­vanced man­u­fac­tur­ing. In the demon­stra­tion ar­eas, the gov­ern­ment will of­fer stock in­cen­tives in Sta­te­owned en­ter­prises.

The gov­ern­ment will also fur­ther cut red tape and stream­line ap­proval pro­ce­dures, im­prove the busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment and make big­ger ef­forts to at­tract for­eign in­vest­ment. The use and pro­tec­tion of in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty rights will be strength­ened, and gov­ern­ment com­pli­ance over­sight will be re­in­forced.

“Lo­cal au­thor­i­ties are highly mo­ti­vated after the un­veil­ing of the Made in China 2025 strat­egy. Many coun­tries are also up­grad­ing their man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tors right now,” Li said.

“The Chi­nese econ­omy has shown a buoy­ant mo­men­tum, but the weak­ness lies in the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor, which re­quires rapid expansion. We need to fo­cus our ef­forts on strength­en­ing the sec­tor, which is the foun­da­tion of the real econ­omy,” he said.

Li high­lighted the im­por­tance of open­ing-up and in­ter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion.

The meet­ing also de­cided to step up the de­vel­op­ment of in­no­va­tion cen­ters for man­u­fac­tur­ing and tech­nol­ogy and to es­tab­lish a num­ber of pub­lic ser­vice plat­forms for en­trepreneur­ship and in­no­va­tion.

The demon­stra­tion ar­eas also will re­ceive sup­port in tal­ent de­vel­op­ment, and en­cour­age re­searchers and Chi­nese tal­ent over­seas to set up busi­nesses in the demon­stra­tion ar­eas.

Land sup­ply in the demon­stra­tion ar­eas will re­ceive ex­tra sup­port, with pi­lot mea­sures to trans­form old busi­ness and stor­age fa­cil­i­ties, idle build­ings and ex­ces­sive com­mer­cial real es­tate into in­cu­ba­tion cen­ters for en­trepreneur­ship.

The premier said fund­ing sup­port to the demon­stra­tion ar­eas should be in line with mar­ket prin­ci­ples. The gov­ern­ment should ex­plore new paths of de­vel­op­ment, en­cour­age com­pe­ti­tion, play an en­abling role in build­ing plat­form and draw­ing tal­ented peo­ple, he added.

Zhu Sendi, a spe­cial con­sul­tant for the China Machin­ery In­dus­try Fed­er­a­tion, said the demon­stra­tion zones should be in ei­ther ma­jor cities or city clus­ters with strong man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tors. He helped draft guide­line for the Made in China 2025 ini­tia­tive.

By set­ting th­ese zones as

ex­am­ples, the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor can fur­ther in­te­grate with new tech­nolo­gies, such as cloud-com­put­ing, big data and ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence, to evolve into new mod­els, he said.

Tra­di­tional man­u­fac­tur­ing can de­velop into smart, green and ser­vices-based man­u­fac­tur­ing on the way to ad­vanced man­u­fac­tur­ing, the con­sul­tant said. That should be the way to el­e­vate China’s man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­tries and achieve the goal of be­com­ing a com­pet­i­tive man­u­fac­tur­ing coun­try by 2025, Zhu added.

In­crease in av­er­age pro­duc­tiv­ity for China’s first 109 pi­lot projects in smart man­u­fac­tur­ing

con­tact the writ­ers at xuwei@chi­


A sleep­ing cap­sule in Shang­hai is dis­man­tled on Mon­day.

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