Re­port: Fewer hours spent on the job

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - CHINA - By ZHAO XINYING zhaoxiny­ing@chi­

Peo­ple in Bei­jing are spend­ing less time at work than they did 20 years ago but also less time on leisure ac­tiv­i­ties, ac­cord­ing to a new sur­vey.

The av­er­age res­i­dent’s work time was six hours and two min­utes per day last year, a de­crease of 27 min­utes from 1996, ac­cord­ing to the An­nual Re­port on China’s Leisure De­vel­op­ment, which was re­leased on Wed­nes­day.

The find­ings are based on ques­tion­naires com­pleted by about 830 Bei­jing res­i­dents last year and more than 430 in 1996.

The sur­vey also found that the av­er­age time re­spon­dents spent on daily ne­ces­si­ties, such as sleep­ing and eat­ing, in­creased by 82 min­utes to 11 hours and 58 min­utes.

The time spent sleep­ing rose by 43 min­utes to eight hours and 58 min­utes, while time for eat­ing went up by 29 min­utes to one hour and 56 min­utes. Women tended to spend more time sleep­ing, both in 2016 and 1996, ac­cord­ing to the re­port, which was com­piled by the Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sci­ences’ Tourism Re­search Cen­ter.

The change in how peo­ple spend their time arises from sev­eral fac­tors, ac­cord­ing to Wang Qiyan, di­rec­tor of Ren- min Univer­sity of China’s Leisure Econ­omy Re­search Cen­ter, who led the study.

“The de­vel­op­ment and im­prove­ment of science and tech­nol­ogy has led to a surge in pro­duc­tion ef­fi­ciency, which en­ables peo­ple to work less and rest more,” said Wang, a pro­fes­sor of sta­tis­tics.

“In ad­di­tion, after decades of con­tin­u­ous, high-speed eco­nomic growth since re­form and open­ing-up in 1978, the econ­omy has grad­u­ally slowed in re­cent years. And peo­ple have also changed to their own pace of liv­ing and tried to en­joy life.”

The sur­vey also found that house­work, in­clud­ing shop­ping, cook­ing and tidy­ing up, take up less time for Bei­jing res­i­dents than in the past, al­though the one hour and 47 min­utes a day spent on house­work last year is only five min­utes less than 20 years ago.

Wang said the emer­gence of on­line shop­ping and the de­vel­op­ment of the lo­gis­tics sec­tor have pro­vided more con­ve­nience to res­i­dents and con­trib­uted to lesstime for house­work.

The wide use of elec­tri­cal ap­pli­ances, such as mi­crowave ovens, as well as the in­creas­ing pop­u­lar­ity of take­out food, has greatly re­duced the time peo­ple spend cook­ing meals, Wang added.

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