Liv­ing in har­mony

In­ner Mon­go­lia’s eth­nic groups build on cul­tural di­ver­sity

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - FRONT PAGE - Pho­tos by WANG ZHUANGFEI

When it comes to In­ner Mon­go­lia, we usu­ally think of ex­pan­sive grass­land, where cat­tle and sheep graze be­side a meadow. But the In­ner Mon­go­lia au­ton­o­mous re­gion is not only China’s largest pas­toral re­gion, but also China’s first provin­cial­level eth­nic re­gion.

And the 70th an­niver­sary of the es­tab­lish­ment of the au­ton­o­mous re­gion will be held in Ho­hhot this month.

The re­gion cov­ers an area of 1.18 mil­lion square kilo­me­ters, ac­count­ing for 12.3 per­cent of the to­tal area of the coun­try, and is home to 25.11 mil­lion Han, Mon­go­lian, Manchu and 55 other eth­nic groups who live har­mo­niously.

Peo­ple from all eth­nic groups help each other, work to­gether, and have built the re­gion into a fer­tile land of cul­ture and in­clu­sive de­vel­op­ment.

In Ho­hhot, the story of the “grass­land hero sis­ters”, which in­flu­enced gen­er­a­tions of young peo­ple, has been chore­ographed into a mu­si­cal.

And, in Ulan­hot, peo­ple share their sig­na­ture dishes in Xing’an Street’s mul­ti­eth­nic com­mu­nity. A food fes­ti­val has been held for seven con­sec­u­tive years.

In­ner Mon­go­lia shares a 4,200-km bor­der with Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia.

And lo­cated at the junc­tion of the Sino-Rus­sian and Mon­go­lian bor­der is Manzhouli, a cen­tury-old port city, known as the “win­dow of East Asia”.

Here, you see the in­te­gra­tion of styles from the three coun­tries in Ma­tryoshka Square.

As China’s gate­way to the north, Manzhouli is also China’s in­ter­na­tional name card.

While striv­ing for eco­nomic growth, In­ner Mon­go­lia also pays great at­ten­tion to the pro­tec­tion of the en­vi­ron­ment.

Genhe River in Hu­lun­buir is China’s cold­est city, where the an­nual av­er­age tem­per­a­ture is -5.3 C. It is the only rein­deer habi­tat in China.

Over the past 70 years, In­ner Mon­go­lia’s eco­nomic, po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural and so­cial un­der­tak­ings have de­vel­oped in an all-around man­ner, and all its eth­nic groups live in har­mony.

From left: Herds­men in Morin Dawa use a tra­di­tional Mon­go­lian cra­dle to coax ba­bies to sleep; a folk show at Xing’an Street, Ulan­hot; tourists in­ter­act with rein­deers at the Genhe River Rein­deer Zoo, Hu­lun­buir.

From left: Chil­dren wait in line to per­form on stage at Tongliao Mon­go­lian Kin­der­garten; an artist paints a horse on a wall at Dazhao Tem­ple in Ho­hhot.

From left: Ac­tors from the mu­si­cal Grass­landHeroSis­ters pose for pic­tures; a Mon­go­lian wrestling class at Chifeng Mon­go­lian Pri­mary School.

Thirty-me­ter tall ma­tryoshka dolls at Ma­tryoshka Square in Manzhouli, the In­ner Mon­go­lia au­ton­o­mous re­gion.

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