NPC adopts law on safeguarding national security in HK
China’s top legislative body on Tuesday unanimously passed the national security law for Hong Kong.
President Xi Jinping signed a presidential order to promulgate the law, which takes effect immediately.
The 163 members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress began the second deliberation of the bill during its 20th session in Beijing from Sunday to Tuesday and adopted the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
The meeting, which closed on Tuesday afternoon, also adopted a decision to add the law to Annex III of the HKSAR Basic Law.
The law clearly defines the duties and government bodies of the HKSAR for safeguarding national security, the four categories of offenses — secession, subversion, terrorist activities and collusion with a foreign country or external elements to endanger national security — and their corresponding penalties.
Li Zhanshu, chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, presided over the closing meeting and said the unanimous passing of the law reflected the common will of the Chinese people, including Hong Kong compatriots.
He said the law fully considers the differences between the two systems and the specific situation of Hong Kong.
The Foreign Ministry warned Washington on Tuesday of countermeasures against US sanctions to protect China’s national interests.
Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said China’s resolve to advance the legislation for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region won’t be deterred by sanctions.
The United States began eliminating Hong Kong’s special trade status under the US law, halting defense exports and restricting the city’s access to high technology products.
The national security legislation is purely a domestic issue for China, in which no other country has a right to interfere, Zhao said, adding that the central government is firmly determined to safeguard China’s sovereignty, security and development.
Also on Tuesday, Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam Cheng Yuetngor said the SAR won’t be intimidated by US sanctions.
She said the SAR would cooperate with any countermeasures deemed necessary by the central government.
Lam said the effects of the US sanctions, though still under evaluation, would be few because alternatives can be found for targeted technologies.
The city has little manufacturing, but that doesn’t mean that Hong Kong can’t buy such items. The sanctions only make purchases more inconvenient, she added.
She also stressed that the US has had a trade surplus as high as $30 billion every year with Hong Kong, the highest among its trade partners.
Lam’s remarks were supported by leading local business figures, a local scientist and a US financial consultant who once lived in Hong Kong.
Louis Chan, assistant principal economist on the Global Research Team of the Hong Kong Trade Development Council, said the sanctions will have a limited impact on the city as they do not affect products like daily necessities that it imports.
Chan said only 1 percent of the products imported from the US required export licenses last year and only part of them were exempted from export licenses under the special trade status arrangement. Thus, any sanctions imposed would impact only 1 percent of the products, he said.
According to Raymond Young Lap-moon, CEO of the Chinese Manufacturers’ Association of Hong Kong, the city’s businesses have prepared for sanctions. No member of the association has complained about the prospect of sanctions, he added.
Wong Kam-fai, associate dean of the Faculty of Engineering at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, said sanctions are expected to have little impact on the city’s scientific cooperation with the US as the two sides have established mutual trust based on many years of collaboration.
Cyrus Janssen, a US financial consultant who lived in Hong Kong from 2014 to 2017, said the sanctions would also hurt US companies in
Hong Kong and at home.
“Ironically, these are who the US claims they want to protect,” he said.
Janssen said the US should accept the fact that it is in no position to determine Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy as Hong Kong belongs to China.
He said the US should stop playing a zero-sum game, respect China’s internal affairs and concentrate more on its own domestic problems.
Bernard Chan Pak-li, undersecretary for commerce and economic development of Hong Kong, said US enterprises in Hong Kong will bear the brunt of US restrictions.
More than 1,300 US companies have business operations in Hong Kong, according to the US State Department.
Chan warned that any sanctions aimed at Hong Kong’s financial system will backfire, hurting global investors using US dollars for transactions or holding US assets, as the city is the world’s third-largest foreign exchange center for the US dollar.
Hong Kong residents raise a toast during a rally on Tuesday to celebrate the approval of the national security law for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the 23rd anniversary of the establishment of the SAR.
Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor speaks at a news conference at HKSAR Government Headquarters in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on Tuesday.